- Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 envisions making all cities ‘Garbage Free’
- The mission will also focus on remediation of legacy dumpsites
- The outlay of SBM-U 2.0 is around Rs. 1.41 lakh crore
New Delhi: In 2014 Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Swachh Bharat Abhiyan with a target of making India open defecation free by October 2, 2019. Seven years, down the line, the target of SBM has been achieved, according to the government, which says rural India is ODF with the construction of over 10.7 crore toilets and in urban areas, 62.6 lakh individual household toilets and 6.15 lakh community and public toilets have been constructed. Keeping up with the momentum of ‘Swachh Bharat’, PM Modi on Friday (October 1), launched the second phase of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT).
Specifying the goal of ‘Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0’, PM Modi said, it is to make cities garbage-free.
Highlights From The Launch Of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0:
- PM Modi noted that the young generation has taken the initiative to strengthen the cleanliness campaign. “Toffee wrappers are no longer thrown on the ground, but kept in pockets. Young children now urge the elders not to litter,” said PM Modi.
- “We have to remember that maintaining cleanliness is not just for a day, a fortnight, a year or for a few people, it is a mega campaign for every day, every fortnight, every year, for everyone and a continuous programme from one generation to another. Cleanliness is a lifestyle, cleanliness is life mantra,” the Prime Minister said.
- India is processing about one lakh tonne of waste every day, he said, adding that back in 2014, when Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was started, less than 20 percent of the waste generated in the country every day was processed. However, today about 70 per cent of daily waste is processed. We have to take it to 100 per cent, he said.
- PM Modi informed that garbage mountains in cities will be processed and removed completely under the new phases of the two missions.
- “The use of modern technology is also increasing continuously for the development of cities in the country. In the month of August, the country launched the National Automobile Scrappage Policy which will strengthen the campaign of waste to wealth and circular economy”, he said.
As per the statement from Prime Minister’s office, SBM-U 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0 have been designed to realise the aspiration to make all cities garbage-free and water secure. These missions signify a step forward in the march towards effectively addressing the challenges of rapidly urbanising India and will also help contribute towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals 2030. The statement from PM’s office read,
SBM-U 2.0 envisions to make all cities ‘Garbage Free’ and ensure grey and black water management in all cities other than those covered under AMRUT, make all urban local bodies as ODF+ and those with a population of less than 1 lakh as ODF++, thereby achieving the vision of safe sanitation in urban areas. The Mission will focus on source segregation of solid waste, utilising the principles of 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle), scientific processing of all types of municipal solid waste and remediation of legacy dumpsites for effective solid waste management. The outlay of SBM-U 2.0 is around Rs. 1.41 lakh crore.
NDTV – Dettol have been working towards a clean and healthy India since 2014 via Banega Swachh India initiative, which is helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. The campaign aims to highlight the inter-dependency of humans and the environment, and of humans on one another with the focus on One Health, One Planet, One Future – Leaving No One Behind. It stresses on the need to take care of, and consider, everyone’s health in India – especially vulnerable communities – the LGBTQ population, indigenous people, India’s different tribes, ethnic and linguistic minorities, people with disabilities, migrants, geographically remote populations, gender and sexual minorities. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign will continue to raise awareness on the same along with focussing on the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children, fight malnutrition, mental wellbeing, self care, science and health, adolescent health & gender awareness. Along with the health of people, the campaign has realised the need to also take care of the health of the eco-system. Our environment is fragile due to human activity, that is not only over-exploiting available resources, but also generating immense pollution as a result of using and extracting those resources. The imbalance has also led to immense biodiversity loss that has caused one of the biggest threats to human survival – climate change. It has now been described as a “code red for humanity.” The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollution, waste management, plastic ban, manual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene. Banega Swasth India will also be taking forward the dream of Swasth Bharat, the campaign feels that only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and the country can become a Swasth or healthy India.