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Swachh Survekshan 2021: Government Launches Field Assessment Of The Annual Cleanliness Survey

According to the Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry, indicators under Swachh Survekshan 2021 focus on parameters pertaining to wastewater treatment and reuse along with faecal sludge management

Swachh Survekshan 2021: Government Launches Field Assessment Of The Annual Cleanliness Survey
Highlights
  • Swachh Survekshan 2021 assessment will be done during March 1-28
  • Swachh Survekshan was introduced by MoHUA in 2016
  • The aim is to inspire cities to improve urban sanitation and cleanliness

New Delhi: Cities and towns across the country are once again ready to be assessed on the basis of their Swachh quotient as the Ministry of Housing and Housing Affairs (MoHUA) launched the field assessment of the Swachh Surveshan 2021 on Monday (March 1). It is the sixth edition of the cleanliness survey which is being conducted every year by MoHUA since 2016. While Mysore in Karnataka achieved the tag of the cleanest city in 2016, Indore in Madhya Pradesh has been winning every year since 2017. This year, in order to find the cleanest city, the ministry has roped in over 2,000 assessors who will be examining the performance of cities and towns. The assessment which will continue till March 28 will also take into consideration over 3 crore citizen feedback received through platforms like Vote for Your City App, Swachhata App and Swachh Survekshan portal, amongst others.

Also Read: Swachh Survekshan 2021: Here Is How Indore Is Gearing Up To Win Top Ranking For The Fifth Time

While launching the field assessment in a web event, Durga Shanker Mishra, Secretary, MoHUA said that Swachh Survekshan is a competitive framework to encourage cities to improve the status of urban sanitation while encouraging large scale citizen participation. He said,

Swachh Survekshan has led to a spirit of healthy competition among cities and towns of India. The journey that started in 2016 with only 73 cities with million plus population has grown manifold, with 434 cities in 2017, 4,203 cities in 2018, 4,237 cities in 2019 and 4,242 cities in 2020, including 62 Cantonment Boards.

According to MoHUA, with an aim to ensure the sustainability of efforts made towards sanitation, the Swachh Survekshan 2021 indicators focus on parameters pertaining to wastewater treatment and reuse along with faecal sludge. Similarly, the crucial issues of legacy waste management and remediation of landfills have also been brought to the fore in this edition of Survekshan. The survey will categorise cities on the basis of six indicator-wise performance criteria:

  • Segregation of waste into wet, dry and hazard categories
  • Processing capacity against wet waste generated
  • Processing and recycling of wet and dry waste
  • Construction and demolition waste processing
  • Percentage of waste going to landfills
  • Sanitation status of cities

The Ministry further announced that apart from ranking cities and States, this year, SS would also be ranking districts (on the basis of the performance of their cities). MoHUA had previously stated that state ranking will also be announced under the survey and will be measured based on their fund utilisation and support to respective local bodies, among others.

Also Read: Swachh Survekshan 2021: ‘Thoda Bohot Hai’ Campaign Asks People To ‘Reduce’ And Help Planet Breathe

Adil Zainulbhai, Chairman, Quality Council of India (QCI), an autonomous body that is implementing the Swachh Survekshan Survey on the ground said via video conferencing,

We can notice how much has changed since the first survey done in 2016. A change has come about in not just the mindset of citizens but also their actions and initiatives taken towards cleanliness of their cities. It’s wonderful to see the spirit of the competition.

Talking about how cities can take the lead, Mr. Zainulbhai said that even the top performing cities like Indore can learn from other cities which are innovating their cleanliness strategies every day. They still need to keep working everyday to be better than the last year, he added.

Acknowledging the efforts made under the Swachh Bharat Mission which was launched in 2014, Mr. Mishra said that it has made significant progress in the area of both sanitation and solid waste management. He said,

It is important to acknowledge the efforts of all stakeholders including our citizens in making Swachh Bharat a Jan Andolan.

Mr. Mishra further said that almost 4,360 Urban Local Bodies have been declared open defecation free (ODF), 2,158 cities have been certified ODF+ which focuses on maintenance and hygiene of the toilets and 551 cities have been certified ODF++ which focuses on toilets with sludge and septage management.

Also Read: Swachh Survekshan 2021: A Look At How Cities Will Be Assessed This Year

He further said that under the SBM-U, 66 lakhs of individual household toilets and over 6 lakhs of community/ public toilets have been constructed/ or are under construction and nearly 60,000 toilets across 2900 cities have been made live on Google Maps.

While talking about the strides made towards waste management in the country under the Swachh Bharat Mission, Mr. Mishra said,

In solid waste management, 97 per cent of wards have 100 per cent door-to-door collection while 68 per cent of the total waste generated is being processed. A total of six cities have been certified as 5 Star, 86 as 3 star and 65 as 1 star under the Star Rating Protocol for Garbage Free Cities.

The municipal corporation of all the cities have been preparing for the assessment by regularly filing their data and updating their progress in the MIS (Management Information System) along with running multiple awareness campaign based on cleanliness, hygiene and waste management at source, said Mr. Asad Warsi, Centre’s Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Consultant for Indore Municipal Corporation.

Also Read: Parameswaran Iyer From World Bank Shares The ‘ABCDEF’ Of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan And India’s ODF Journey

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

26,78,24,983Cases
22,84,48,447Active
3,40,97,388Recovered
52,79,148Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 196 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 26,78,24,983 and 52,79,148 have died; 22,84,48,447 are active cases and 3,40,97,388 have recovered as on December 9, 2021 at 3:47 am.

India

3,46,66,241 9,419Cases
94,742 1,009Active
3,40,97,388 8,251Recovered
4,74,111 159Deaths
In India, there are 3,46,66,241 confirmed cases including 4,74,111 deaths. The number of active cases is 94,742 and 3,40,97,388 have recovered as on December 9, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

66,40,888 893

9,964 157

64,89,720 1,040

1,41,204 10

Kerala

51,78,892 5,038

41,615 887

50,95,263 4,039

42,014 112

Karnataka

29,99,098 399

7,284 155

29,53,565 238

38,249 6

Tamil Nadu

27,32,648 703

7,946 36

26,88,142 728

36,560 11

Andhra Pradesh

20,74,217 181

2,011 3

20,57,749 176

14,457 2

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,502 10

139 7

16,87,452 3

22,911

West Bengal

16,20,803 574

7,576 0

15,93,659 568

19,568 6

Delhi

14,41,514 65

404 28

14,16,010 36

25,100 1

Odisha

10,50,760 255

1,931 11

10,40,403 264

8,426 2

Chhattisgarh

10,07,075 37

341 9

9,93,140 27

13,594 1

Rajasthan

9,54,984 40

236 16

9,45,792 24

8,956

Gujarat

8,27,873 67

417 45

8,17,361 22

10,095

Madhya Pradesh

7,93,288 14

140 1

7,82,619 13

10,529

Haryana

7,71,904 29

223 15

7,61,626 14

10,055

Bihar

7,26,259 9

36 6

7,14,133 3

12,090

Telangana

6,77,546 205

3,871 19

6,69,673 185

4,002 1

Assam

6,18,042 134

2,541 24

6,09,374 158

6,127

Punjab

6,03,578 22

350 0

5,86,614 20

16,614 2

Jharkhand

3,49,383 16

129 7

3,44,113 23

5,141

Uttarakhand

3,44,402 17

192 3

3,36,799 14

7,411

Jammu And Kashmir

3,38,198 151

1,639 38

3,32,070 111

4,489 2

Himachal Pradesh

2,27,753 69

722 14

2,23,174 81

3,857 2

Goa

1,79,307 65

441 37

1,75,478 28

3,388

Mizoram

1,37,377 320

3,049 10

1,33,819 309

509 1

Puducherry

1,29,128 23

230 1

1,27,022 22

1,876

Manipur

1,25,429 23

325 5

1,23,119 28

1,985

Tripura

84,888 14

94 11

83,968 3

826

Meghalaya

84,631 12

240 11

82,916 23

1,475

Chandigarh

65,515 7

67 2

64,628 5

820

Arunachal Pradesh

55,298 3

29 2

54,989 5

280

Sikkim

32,390 8

200 2

31,785 6

405

Nagaland

32,143 1

116 2

31,328 3

699

Ladakh

21,749 14

230 17

21,304 31

215

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,683

0 0

10,679

4

Lakshadweep

10,405

11 0

10,343

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,691 1

3 0

7,559 1

129

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