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Odisha Budget 2021-22: Experts Welcome The Allocation Increase In Supplementary Nutrition Programmes

According to experts, Odisha’s focus on nutrition would translate into better health outcomes for its people in the coming years

Odisha Budget 2021-22: Experts Welcome The Allocation Increase In Supplementary Nutrition Programmes
Highlights
  • Odisha is the only state to present a separate budget for Nutrition
  • Nutrition serves as an essential factor to growth and development: Experts
  • The Nutrition Budget aims to address undernutrition, hunger: State Official

New Delhi: The state of Odisha is the only state in the country that presents a separate Nutrition Budget document. With an aim to improve nutrition level in children, women and improve the overall health of the state, Odisha Finance Minister Niranjan Pujari presented the first Odisha Nutrition Budget on February 20, 2020. Taking the initiatives forward, Mr. Pujari released the second Odisha Nutrition Budget document on February 22 for the Financial Year 2021-22. According to a senior official in the state’s Department of Finance, a review of department-wise nutrition allocations was conducted, on the basis of which an overall budget for nutrition was developed. The officer said that the Department of Women and Child Development and Mission Shakti and Finance Department are central and nodal agencies in steering the Nutrition Budget in the State.

Also Read: Union Budget 2021 Explained: Decoding The 137 Per Cent Increase In Health Expenditure

Sharing details of the schemes and budget allocation on social media, Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik said,

Odisha carried forward the pioneering initiative of Nutrition Budget through allocation for nutrition specific schemes and nutrition sensitive schemes. The multi-sectoral approach helps in improving nutrition outcomes among vulnerable.

The state has developed its Nutrition Budget based on budgets under two types of interventions: ‘nutrition-specific’ and ‘nutrition-sensitive’ interventions. The ‘nutrition-specific’ interventions include those schemes and programmes that have direct impacts on nutrition like Supplementary Nutrition Programme, Mamata scheme and ‘nutrition-sensitive’ interventions are those that have indirect impacts like Swachh Bharat Mission. While 16 schemes have been categorised as Nutrition Specific, 101 schemes have been categorised as Nutrition-Sensitive by the Government of Odisha.

According to the Department of Finance, nutrition expenditure has increased by 26.32 per cent from Rs. 26,132.6 crore in 2020-21 RE to Rs. 33,012.18 crore in 2021-22 BE.

Odisha Budget 2021-22: Experts Welcome The Allocation Increase In Supplementary Nutrition Programmes

The budget for nutrition in Odisha has increased by 26.3 per cent in BE 2021-22 as compared to RE 2020-21

The Nutrition Budget document shows that for 2021-22 (BE) the money allocated to nutrition-specific is Rs. 5,121.14 crore and the outlay for nutrition-sensitive is Rs. 27,891.04 crore.

Odisha Budget 2021-22: Experts Welcome The Allocation Increase In Supplementary Nutrition Programmes

Share of nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive schemes in the Odisha Nutrition Budget 2021-22

Allocations Under Major Nutrition-Specific Schemes

The highest amount has been provisioned under the ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) programmes which has been renamed by the Central Government as Saksham Anganwadi and POSHAN 2.0 in Budget 2021-22. This covers Anganwadi services, POSHAN (Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition) Abhiyan, Scheme for Adolescent Girls, and National Creche Scheme. The budget for this head has increased by almost 27 per cent from Rs. 2,245.68 crore in 2020-21 to Rs. 2,844.44 crore in 2021-22.

Odisha Budget 2021-22: Experts Welcome The Allocation Increase In Supplementary Nutrition Programmes

Budget for major nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive programmes in Odisha (gif)

A provision of Rs. 279 crore has been made under the Maternity Benefit Programme ‘Mamata’ which has increased by almost 74 crore from Rs. 205 crore in 2020-21 RE. Mamata scheme aims to provide partial wage compensation for pregnant and nursing mothers so that they are able to rest adequately during their pregnancy and after delivery.

The budget allocation for a key Nutrition-Specific scheme ‘Public Distribution System’ has reduced substantially by almost 55 per cent from Rs. 2096.16 in 2020-21 RE to Rs. 951.44 in 2021-22 BE. Explaining the reduction, an official at the Department of Food Supplies and Consumer Welfare said,

The allocation for PDS was increased by additional Rs. 900 crore due to the relief measures undertaken during COVID-19 induced lockdown which not only included distribution of extra grains but also cash transfer of Rs. 1000 each to the migrant workers. In the upcoming year, PDS is expected to run normally and so this year the budget has been allocated accordingly.

Allocations under the Mid Day Meals programme has also reduced from Rs. 1,158 crore in 2020-21 RE to Rs. 957 crore in 2021-22 BE. According to Gangadhar Sahoo, State Nodal Officer, Mid Day Meals, Department of School and Mass Education, Odisha, the reduction in the allocation for MDM can be attributed to the decrease in the number of children enrolled in government schools over the past year. He said that almost 90,000 – 1 lakh children in the state have shifted from government schools to private schools.

Allocations Under Major Nutrition-Sensitive Schemes

The allocations for Swachh Bharat Mission, both Gramin and Urban have been increased. In the Budget Estimate of 2021-22, the provision made for SBM-Gramin has been doubled from Rs. 100 crore last year to Rs. 200 crore. SBM-Urban has also received an extra allocation of Rs. 80 crore and has increased from Rs. 135 crore in 2020-21 to Rs, 215 crore in 2020-21.

The budget for the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) has reduced by almost Rs. 300 crore from Rs. 2,020 crore in RE 2020-21 to Rs. 1,720.4 crore in BE 2021-22. Explaining about this reduction in allocation, Malaya Kumar Panigrahi, State Finance Officer, National Health Mission, said,

The allocation under the BE 2021-22 is a tentative proposal from the state and the final allocation will depend on the amount approved by the central government based on the State’s Programme Implementation Plan. If you look at BE 2020-21 foe NRHM, you’ll the provision made was for only Rs. 1,617.2 crore but it increased to over Rs. 2,020 crore in Revised Estimates of the same year. Similarly, the amount allocated for 2021-22 may also see an increase which will be reflected in the Supplementary Budget and Revised Budget.

The provision for Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), a scheme for the development of agriculture has increased by 54 per cent from Rs. 292 crore to Rs. 450 crore.

Giving a thumbs up to the State’s Nutrition Budget, Basanta Kumar Nayak, Associate Director, Governance, Odisha Budget and Accountability Centre (OBAC), a non-government research organisation based in Bhubaneswar said,

The fight against malnutrition depends on several factors and the Nutrition Budget document presented by Odisha government tries to bring those factors together.

According to Ms. Mohanty, the impact of Odisha’s focus on nutrition would translate into better health outcomes for its people in the coming years. She, however, highlighted that there is a need to ensure equity in resource allocation across different districts and nutrition deficit hotspots like tribal regions.

Commenting on the Nutrition Budget 2021-22, Basanta Kumar Kar, International Development Professional in Nutrition, in India said,

The budget is likely to address protein hunger, calorie inadequacy and micronutrient deficiency in the people of Odisha. It is good to know that Odisha has recognised the COVID-19 pandemic as an eye-opener. The pandemic has realised the power of good nutrition to prevent and address infections. However, I would like to point out that with ambitious investment, I think, it is the time for Government of Odisha to work on localised efforts and work for district-level Nutritional Self Sufficiency in production and access to nutritious food.

Status Of Malnutrition In Odisha

According to the National Family Health Survey 4 (NFHS 4) report, the Under 5 Mortality Rate per 1,000 live births in Odisha had reduced from 91 in 2005-06 to 48 in 2015-16. There had Seen a dip of 20.6 per cent in the level of anaemia in children in the age group 6 months – 5 years to 44.6 per cent in 2015-16 from 65 per cent in 2005-06 reported by NFHS 3. The status of stunting (low-height-for-age) in children of Odisha had reduced from 45 per cent NFHS-3 to 34.1 per cent in NFHS-4 and is currently lower than the national average of 35 per cent. The share of underweight (low-weight-for-age) children had decreased from 40.7 per cent in NFHS-3 to 34.4 per cent in NFHS-4 which is also better than the national average of 35.7 per cent. However, there has been a slight increase in wasting (low-weight-for-height) in children from 19.6 per cent in NFHS-3 to 20.4 per cent in NFHS-4, yet it is still below the national average of 21 per cent.

Also Read: Budget 2021: Experts Analyse What The Budget Did For Food And Nutrition Schemes

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

23,23,25,643Cases
19,46,11,603Active
3,29,58,002Recovered
47,56,038Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 23,23,25,643 and 47,56,038 have died; 19,46,11,603 are active cases and 3,29,58,002 have recovered as on September 28, 2021 at 3:48 am.

India

3,36,97,581 18,795Cases
2,92,2067,414Active
3,29,58,002 26,030Recovered
4,47,373 179Deaths
In India, there are 3,36,97,581 confirmed cases including 4,47,373 deaths. The number of active cases is 2,92,206 and 3,29,58,002 have recovered as on September 28, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,44,325

41,396 32

63,64,027

1,38,902 32

Kerala

46,41,587 11,699

1,57,733 6,122

44,59,193 17,763

24,661 58

Karnataka

29,73,899 504

12,833 409

29,23,320 893

37,746 20

Tamil Nadu

26,58,923 1,657

17,261 24

26,06,153 1,662

35,509 19

Andhra Pradesh

20,47,459 618

12,482 566

20,20,835 1,178

14,142 6

Uttar Pradesh

17,09,778 6

176 0

16,86,712 6

22,890

West Bengal

15,66,865 472

7,584 99

15,40,530 556

18,751 15

Delhi

14,38,746 32

366 5

14,13,295 37

25,085

Odisha

10,24,764 444

5,102 214

10,11,482 653

8,180 5

Chhattisgarh

10,05,269 27

282 3

9,91,423 30

13,564

Rajasthan

9,54,316 13

86 9

9,45,276 4

8,954

Gujarat

8,25,872 21

142 9

8,15,648 30

10,082

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,504 8

118 2

7,81,868 6

10,518

Haryana

7,70,825 7

329 6

7,60,686 13

9,810

Bihar

7,25,947 3

57 11

7,16,230 14

9,660

Telangana

6,65,284 216

4,585 27

6,56,785 241

3,914 2

Punjab

6,01,538 38

284 2

5,84,747 35

16,507 1

Assam

6,01,031 412

4,587 42

5,90,593 362

5,851 8

Jharkhand

3,48,198 4

79 1

3,42,986 5

5,133

Uttarakhand

3,43,504 14

218 8

3,35,893 22

7,393

Jammu And Kashmir

3,29,125 117

1,513 1

3,23,190 118

4,422

Himachal Pradesh

2,18,523 209

1,730 16

2,13,124 225

3,669

Goa

1,76,145 50

862 56

1,71,980 106

3,303

Puducherry

1,26,127 37

866 35

1,23,423 72

1,838

Manipur

1,20,000 116

2,111 14

1,16,042 129

1,847 1

Mizoram

90,539 1,846

15,843 358

74,394 1,481

302 7

Tripura

84,085 19

275 3

82,999 22

811

Meghalaya

80,897 108

1,752 125

77,750 230

1,395 3

Chandigarh

65,217 7

44 3

64,354 4

819

Arunachal Pradesh

54,395 43

319 4

53,802 47

274

Sikkim

31,291 25

601 11

30,303 35

387 1

Nagaland

31,167 17

426 19

30,078 35

663 1

Ladakh

20,786 5

148 8

20,431 13

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,670

0 0

10,666

4

Lakshadweep

10,361

5 0

10,305

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,619 1

11 2

7,479 3

129

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