5 Toilet Technologies Best Suited For Waste Management Locally

5 Toilet Technologies Best Suited For Waste Management Locally

World Toilet Day 2020: Following five technologies can solve both the problems – sanitation and waste management and achieve the goal of open defecation free plus and ODF plus plus under Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0
Swachh Guide, World Toilet Day
- in Swachh Guide, World Toilet Day
0
5 Toilet Technologies Best Suited For Waste Management LocallyWorld Toilet Day 2020: Twin pit toilet technology promoted by the government is great but not suitable for all regions
Highlights
  • Rural India was declared open defecation free on Oct 2, 2019
  • Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0 focuses on fecal waste management
  • Different terrains and regions need different kinds of toilets

New Delhi: Since the start of the nationwidec cleanliness campaign Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in 2014, India has shown rapid progress in terms of toilet construction. Until October 2014, rural India had a mere 38.70 per cent of the sanitation coverage now that stands at 100 per cent. With the massive sanitation drive in recent years, over 6 lakh (6,03,177) villages, 706 districts and 35 states and Union Territories (UTs) have achieved open defecation free (ODF) status, as per the data available on Swachh Bharat Gramin dashboard, a web portal hosted by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. Rural India achieved its goal of open defecation free (ODF) on the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi on October 2, 2019.

Also Read: World Toilet Day 2020: Building Toilets Doesn’t Mean Total Sanitation, There Are Many Goals India Needs To Meet, Says Expert From Centre For Science and Environment

Now, under Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0, the government is focusing on one of the biggest challenge that remains, WHICH is controlling the menace of liquid and solid waste. While the Government of India is promoting the construction of twin pit toilets for on-site fecal sludge management but the issue of fecal waste management, especially in hilly regions and high water table areas.

Of course, twin pit is a great toilet technology to manage fecal matter on site, but it is not suitable for every region. You cannot use it in flood prone areas as it will lead to ground water contamination and other issues, says Anurag Gupta, Regional Manager, East, WaterAid.

To understand different toilet technologies, including much appreciated twin pit toilet, suitable for eradicating the practice of open defecation along with managing fecal sludge on site, NDTV spoke to experts. Here are some of the technological options that tackle the dual issue of sanitation as well as waste management.

Twin Pit Toilet Technology

The twin leach pit toilet or twin pour flush toilet is a complete on-site sanitation measure at the household level. Along with the toilet, two three feet deep pits having honeycomb structure are constructed for collection and management of fecal waste. A distance of three feet is maintained between two pits that are used alternatively.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: What Are Twin Pit Toilets?
World Toilet Day 2020: Under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan the government promoted the construction of twin pit toilets

Also Read: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: What Are Twin Pit Toilets?

After every use, a user has to pour water to push down the excreta. While the water and urine percolates in the soil through honeycomb structure, fecal waste gets collected in the pit, says Sanjeev Shekhar Jha, Project Leader, Learning and Knowledge Management, India Sanitation Coalition, FICCI.

In a family of five, a pit gets filled in two to three years. When the first pit gets filled, the flow of waste is diverted to the second pit via junction chamber and the first pit is closed for two years. In a span of two years, the fecal matter collected in the first pit degrades and turns into manure which can be dug out manually and used for agricultural purposes.

Cost of construction: Rs, 12,000 to 15,000 until and unless beneficiary opts for high end fittings.

Cons: The toilet technology cannot be adopted in high water table and flood prone areas as it may lead to ground water contamination. Also, in rocky and hilly areas, there is no chance of percolation of water from pits.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: What Are Twin Pit Toilets?
Pros and cons of the much appreciated toilet technology – twin pit

Also Read: Promoted Under The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, A User Assesses The ‘Twin Pit’ Toilet Technology

Ecosan Toilet Technology

Ecosan toilet or ecological sanitation technology is a one stop toilet solution for areas dealing with water scarcity; desert; rocky areas where it is not possible to dig pits; flood prone areas where there are high chances of fecal waste getting mingled with water; high water table areas where underground pits can contaminate ground water.

Ecosan toilet is the only toilet that is constructed entirely above the ground. A regular ecosan toilet has two chambers, each having three sections – one each for urine, faeces and water used for anal cleaning. The two chambers are used alternatively for a period of one year. While urine and water used for cleaning are collected in two separate containers, human waste is stored in a pit. The collected urine is stored for a month, diluted with water and then used as fertilizer and water used for cleaning is sent to the ground. Human waste collected in a pit constructed above the ground is left for six months to degrade into manure.

Eco-friendly Toilets Can Eradicate Open Defecation And Help Manage Waste Effectively
Ecosan toilet: The two chambers which are to be used alternatively

Also Read: Eco-friendly Toilets Can Eradicate Open Defecation And Help Manage Waste Effectively

Instead of water for flushing, ash is put over faeces after every use; hence, ecosan toilet saves water. Since the toilet, including containment tanks is constructed above the ground, there is no chance of ground water contamination, says Anurag Gupta.

Cost of construction: Rs. 16,000 to 22,000

Cons: Firstly, the cost of construction is high as compared to a regular leach pit toilet. Secondly, people prefer traditional pour flush toilet and don’t accept it the way it is used.

Eco-friendly Toilets Can Eradicate Open Defecation And Help Manage Waste Effectively
Advantages and disadvantages of constructing ecosan toilet

Bio Toilet

Bio toilet is one of those toilet technologies that are suitable for all kinds of terrain, and topography. A bio toilet converts human waste into biogas (methane and carbon dioxide) and provides compost. For management of human waste, a tank having three chambers is fitted inside the ground. 30 per cent of each chamber is filled with bio media – inoculums bacteria and the inner layer of all three compartments are covered with artificial grass, helping bacteria create its colony.

As soon as the fecal matter enters the first chamber of the tank, inoculums bacteria starts working on it. Since all the chambers are connected to each other, slowly and gradually, waste moves from one chamber to another. By the time the waste reaches the last section in the tank, the bacteria has already digested it and converted it into toxic free compost and bio gas, says Nikita Vaz, WASH specialist.

Eco-friendly Toilets Can Eradicate Open Defecation And Help Manage Waste Effectively
A vent pipe that allows passage of gases like methane and carbon dioxide

The bio gas can either be released in the environment or converted into any other form of energy via biogas plant. Connecting the toilet with bio gas plant increases the cost of construction.

Cost of construction: Rs. 1.5 lakh

Cons: The toilet technology is expensive as the tank itself costs Rs. 1 lakh. Also, the availability of bio-media is difficult at a local level.

Eco-friendly Toilets Can Eradicate Open Defecation And Help Manage Waste Effectively
Advantages and disadvantages of constructing bio toilet

Also Read: World Toilet Day 2020: Meet 55-Year-Old WASH Warrior From Trichy Who Built Over 6 Lakh Toilets In Last 33 Years

Tiger Toilet Technology

Requiring little water for flushing human waste, linked to no sewer systems or traditional flushing mechanisms, tiger toilets look like any other pit latrines, but have biological agents to treat human waste. Tiger toilet technology derives its name from worms, an essential part of the technology, that have black stripes on them, just like tigers. The worms (Eisenia fetida) breed on different kinds of faeces including human waste and turn it into manure.

Explaining the structure of tiger toilet and its functioning, Ms Vaz says,

In the ground, three feet deep pit is constructed with multiple layers where all the human waste gets collected. The bottom of the pit is earthen and over that there is a filteration bed with gravel and sand and next layer having cow dung and tiger worms bedding. When human waste reaches the pit, worms start acting on the excreta, leaving no stench or breeding of mosquitoes.

While worms eat the fecal matter and give decomposed matter which is the compost, water gets absorbed into the earth. Since the worms survive and make their colony through fecal waste, they won’t escape on their own.

Also Read: Swachh Warrior: 16-Year-Old Tamil Nadu Girl, The Sole Breadwinner Of Her Family, Helps Build Toilets In Her Village

The cost per kg of tiger worms is Rs. 300 and for every 20 people one kg worms is required, says the expert. However, it is advisable to put 2 to 3 kg of worm in one pit.

They need our human waste to live. If you stop using toilet, worms will die and the entire technology will perish. In order to make sure worms breed, use toilet and don’t defecate in open, says Ms Vaz.

Pro Tip: Don’t use bulky cleansing agents to clean the toilet else worms will die. Use a mild detergent or largely water to keep the toilet clean. After every use, a bucket of water is enough to clear the excreta.

Cost of construction: Rs. 16,000 to 22,000 (may vary depending on the number of pits and number of people).

Cons: The technology is not suggested for high water table and flood prone areas. Expert guidance will be required while constructing a tiger toilet in rocky areas, because the type of terrain matters the most in fecal sludge management.

Also Read: 43 People Have Died Due To Manual Scavenging This Year, Says Safai Karmachari Andolan’s Bezwada Wilson On Kaun Banega Crorepati

Evapotranspiration Toilet Technology

Evapotranspiration toilet model is popular in US and Brazil. Considering the success of toilet technology, it is being adopted in different parts of India to manage waste without human intervention. Explaining the toilet technology, Mr Gupta says,

Evapotranspiration means evaporation through the soil or filled medium and transpiration through plant leaves.

As part of the technology, a trench is created near a toilet for treatment of waste. The trench processes, digest, absorb and release all the human waste that goes in it. Since, the top layer of the trench has broad leaf plants like Banana and Canna Indica, it does not look like a waste processing tank.

Explaining the construction of the trench, Mr Gupta says,

A five feet deep, three feet wide and nine feet long trench is dug which is then lined with plastic and a layer of bricks. Waste pipe from the toilet is placed at one of the ends of the trench. A tyre tunnel is created by placing tyres horizontally. Basically, the fecal waste goes inside the tyre tunnel; the solid matter gets converted into minerals (which are absorbed by plants) through mineralisation process and moves upward through capillary action. Urine and waste water too move upward. So, the waste enters from one end, undergoes varied processes, and finally, biogas is released in the atmosphere.

Also Read: WASH Warrior: Meet 45-Year-Old Ganesh Nagle, Who Is Ensuring His Fellow Slum Dwellers In Bhopal Are Not Deprived Of Sanitation Facilities

Green icon

What Is Capillary Action?


It is a pulling force generated in the pores in the filled medium which acts against the gravity. Example: If you put one corner of a handkerchief in water that moves upwards (against the gravity), an entire handkerchief will be wet after a while. This effect is due to the capillary action.

Green icon

The space around tyres is filled with soil after which a bed of soil and broken bricks is formed. Stones are used to form next layer followed by a layer of sand over which broad leaf plants are planted.

Since the biogas released in the atmosphere is less in quantity, it cannot be harvested. Also, it does not harm the environment much.

Cost of construction: Cost of evapotranspiration digester varies due to transportation. For household level cost of evapotranspiration digester comes around Rs. 6,000 along with Rs. 9,000 for superstructure that is the toilet.

Cons: It is not feasible to construct a trench in flood prone and high water table areas.

Also Read: “Building Toilets Is Not Enough To Eradicate Open Defecation,” Experts Stress On The Need To Maintain The Toilets in Delhi

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

6,22,00,148Cases
2,09,49,646Active
3,97,99,428Recovered
14,51,074Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 191 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 6,22,00,148 and 14,51,074 have died; 2,09,49,646 are active cases and 3,97,99,428 have recovered as on November 29, 2020 at 3:51 am.

India

93,92,919 41810Cases
4,53,956 -984Active
88,02,267 42298Recovered
1,36,696 496Deaths
In India, there are 93,92,919 confirmed cases including 1,36,696 deaths. The number of active cases is 4,53,956 and 88,02,267 have recovered as on November 29, 2020 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Mumbai45,478
Thane13,660
Pune9,920
Mumbai Suburban5,363
Aurangabad1,974
Nashik1,575
Raigad1,462
Palghar1,421
Solapur1,291
Jalgaon1,039
Akola757
Nagpur692
Kolhapur646
Satara629
Ratnagiri350
Amravati291
Dhule228
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Ahmednagar190
Nanded176
Yavatmal150
Sangli145
Latur139
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Buldhana88
Parbhani78
gondia69
Beed54
Nandurbar42
Gadchiroli42
Bhandara41
Chandrapur32
Washim13
Wardha11

18,14,515 5,965

90,965 1,940

16,76,564 3,937

46,986 88

DistrictCases
Udupi1,176
Kalaburagi669
Yadgir538
Bengaluru Urban529
Raichur369
Mandya346
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Hassan205
Davangere204
Vijayapura201
Dakshina Kannada179
Chikkaballapura149
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Uttara Kannada95
Shivamogga67
Dharwad61
Ballari60
Gadag45
Bengaluru Rural40
Tumakuru36
Kolar29
Haveri24
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Koppal5
Kodagu4
Ramanagara3
Chamarajanagara0

8,82,608 1,522

24,776 622

8,46,082 2,132

11,750 12

DistrictCases
Kurnool795
Krishna557
Guntur511
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Chittoor319
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Y.S.R.205
West Godavari199
Srikakulam183
Prakasam104
Visakhapatnam103
Vizianagaram23

8,67,063 625

11,571 566

8,48,511 1,186

6,981 5

DistrictCases
Chennai23,324
Chengalpattu1,314
Thiruvallur774
Villupuram509
Kanchipuram503
Tiruvannamalai496
Cuddalore477
Ariyalur444
Tirunelveli433
Tuticorin333
Kallakurichi324
Madurai322
Salem258
Coimbatore188
Virudhunagar185
Dindigul175
Perambalur133
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Ramanathapuram119
Tiruppur116
Kanniyakumari110
Tenkasi103
Nagapattinam99
Karur88
Namakkal83
Erode75
Vellore71
Thiruvarur67
Pudukkottai53
Sivaganga46
Tirupathur45
Krishnagiri43
The Nilgiris17
Dharmapuri15

7,79,046 1,430

11,073 36

7,56,279 1,453

11,694 13

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kasaragod333
Palakkad224
Malappuram119
Kollam118
Thrissur106
Thiruvananthapuram104
Pathanamthitta98
Kozhikode90
Alappuzha76
Kottayam73
Ernakulam60
Idukki40
Wayanad36

5,93,957 6,250

64,964 950

5,26,797 5,275

2,196 25

DistrictCases
North West5,463
Central4,817
West4,768
New Delhi3,405
North3,059
East2,472
South East2,446
South West2,391
South2,329
North East1,914
Shahdara1,580

5,61,742 4,998

36,578 1,603

5,16,166 6,512

8,998 89

DistrictCases
Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119
Agra933
Ghaziabad794
Meerut504
Lucknow386
Saharanpur298
Kanpur Nagar286
Moradabad252
Varanasi243
Hapur225
Aligarh215
Basti214
Amethi206
Rampur203
Jaunpur194
Firozabad190
Barabanki168
Gorakhpur166
Bulandshahr166
Siddharth Nagar159
Ghazipur159
Bijnor157
Deoria143
Azamgarh138
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Mathura129
Ayodhya120
Muzaffarnagar117
Sambhal116
Sultanpur97
Ambedkar Nagar92
Maharajganj85
Amroha80
Rae Bareli78
Bahraich73
Kheri72
Kannauj69
Baghpat68
Kushi Nagar67
Bhadohi60
Ballia60
Gonda59
Etah52
Hardoi49
Balrampur49
Mau48
Mainpuri46
Etawah46
Hathras43
Unnao42
Jalaun41
Jhansi41
Shamli40
Chandauli38
Auraiya37
Farrukhabad36
Sitapur32
Prayagraj30
Banda27
Shahjahanpur25
Shravasti23
Budaun23
Mirzapur22
Bareilly17
Kasganj16
Pratapgarh15
Pilibhit15
Sonbhadra10
Kaushambi6
Kanpur Dehat4
Chitrakoot4
Lalitpur3
Hamirpur3
Mahoba3
Fatehpur3

5,39,899 2,152

25,243 396

5,06,938 2,527

7,718 21

DistrictCases
Kolkata2,777
Howrah1,435
24 Paraganas North1,031
Hooghly604
24 Paraganas South281
Maldah235
Dinajpur Uttar216
Coochbehar210
Birbhum206
Medinipur West159
Medinipur East153
Nadia139
Purba Bardhaman130
Murshidabad125
Bankura116
Darjeeling97
Jalpaiguri88
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purulia66
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Alipurduar39
Kalimpong18
Jhargram9

4,77,446 3,459

24,537 80

4,44,587 3,487

8,322 52

DistrictCases
Ganjam581
Jajapur322
Khordha238
Baleshwar190
Kendrapara164
Cuttack155
Bhadrak137
Balangir129
Puri103
Sundargarh102
Jagatsinghapur91
Nayagarh86
Mayurbhanj73
Nuapada69
Gajapati61
Dhenkanal36
Boudh34
Kendujhar34
Deogarh33
Kalahandi33
Sonepur29
Kandhamal28
Anugul26
Malkangiri20
Bargarh16
Koraput16
Sambalpur16
Jharsuguda8
Nabarangpur2
Rayagada2

3,17,789 550

5,510 264

3,10,549 802

1,730 12

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2,475
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Jagitial77
Nizamabad76
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Mancherial43
YadadriBhuvanagiri40
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Vikarabad40
Nalgonda33
Warangal Urban32
Mahabubnagar30
Sangareddy26
Khammam26
Adilabad22
Nirmal21
Karimnagar17
RajannaSircilla16
Medak11
Kamareddy11
Mahabubabad10
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Nagarkurnool8
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Jangoan8
Siddipet7
Peddapalli5
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Warangal Rural4
Mulugu3
Narayanpet3
Wanaparthy1

2,69,223 805

10,490 147

2,57,278 948

1,455 4

DistrictCases
Jaipur2,177
Jodhpur1,748
Udaipur724
Bharatpur563
Kota503
Nagaur500
Ajmer379
Dungarpur374
Pali352
Jhalawar329
Bhilwara250
Sikar231
Chittorgarh188
Tonk171
Jalore164
Rajsamand140
Sirohi130
Bikaner112
Banswara91
Alwar90
Churu81
Jhunjhunu64
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Baran59
Jaisalmer53
Barmer34
Hanumangarh31
SawaiMadhopur26
Karauli17
Pratapgarh14
Ganganagar8
Bundi5

2,62,805 2,765

28,751 568

2,31,780 2,178

2,274 19

DistrictCases
Bilaspur100
Korba100
Mungeli87
Baloda Bazar85
Jashpur77
Janjgir-Champa56
Mahasamund54
Rajnandgaon52
Kabirdham52
Raigarh47
Raipur46
Balod41
Korea39
Durg31
Bemetara21
Kanker19
Balrampur17
Surguja14
Gariyaband10
Surajpur9
Dhamtari6
Bijapur2
Bastar2
Dantewada0
Kondagaon0
Narayanpur0
Sukma0

2,34,725 1,890

20,978 861

2,10,917 2,734

2,830 17

DistrictCases
Patna279
Bhagalpur266
Rohtas256
Khagaria253
Begusarai243
Madhubani199
Munger188
Jehanabad178
Katihar175
Darbhanga143
Samastipur139
Siwan139
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Banka134
Buxar134
Nalanda123
Gopalganj123
Nawada122
Sheikhpura118
Gaya115
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Bhojpur103
Saran101
Muzaffarpur96
Saharsa88
Supaul87
Vaishali87
Madhepura82
Kishanganj75
Aurangabad75
Sitamarhi73
Lakhisarai72
Araria68
Pashchim Champaran57
Arwal52
Jamui47
Sheohar20

2,33,572 656

5,380 21

2,26,939 672

1,253 5

DistrictCases
Gurugram2,950
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Rohtak145
Palwal120
Jhajjar114
Karnal104
Hisar98
Ambala93
Panipat78
Nuh68
Bhiwani60
Rewari56
Kurukshetra55
Sirsa50
Kaithal48
Mahendragarh47
CharkiDadri43
Panchkula39
Fatehabad38
Jind38
Yamunanagar19

2,30,713 1,967

19,916 484

2,08,422 2,421

2,375 30

DistrictCases
Kamrup Metro276
Golaghat203
Nagaon143
Hojai89
Dima Hasao86
Karimganj85
Tinsukia84
Cachar80
Dibrugarh61
Hailakandi57
Lakhimpur57
Marigaon50
Dhemaji47
Kamrup42
Kokrajhar37
Dhubri30
Charaideo29
Barpeta28
Udalguri28
Sonitpur27
Jorhat24
Nalbari23
Darrang20
Sivasagar20
Goalpara19
Biswanath16
Baksa14
KarbiAnglong13
Bongaigaon12
Chirang6
West KarbiAnglong5
South SalmaraMancachar4
Majuli2

2,12,483 163

3,313 41

2,08,190 122

980

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17,125
Surat2,311
Vadodara1,555
Gandhinagar410
Mahesana159
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Rajkot135
Arvalli134
Mahisagar125
Anand107
PanchMahals107
Patan105
SabarKantha101
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Jamnagar63
Bharuch56
Botad55
Surendranagar55
Valsad47
GirSomnath45
Dohad43
Chhotaudepur37
Naysari35
Junagadh31
Narmada25
DevbhumiDwarka22
Amreli16
Porbandar11
Tapi6
Dang5
Morbi4

2,06,714 1,598

14,792 60

1,87,969 1,523

3,953 15

DistrictCases
Indore3,839
Bhopal1,880
Ujjain799
Burhanpur351
Neemuch319
Jabalpur276
East Nimar266
Sagar228
Gwalior211
Khargone196
Dewas140
Dhar132
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Bhind87
Raisen71
Barwani60
Ratlam51
Rewa39
Shajapur39
Hoshangabad37
Vidisha37
Chhatarpur35
Betul35
Rajgarh31
Dindori29
Sheopur26
Damoh26
Satna24
Anuppur22
Panna20
Tikamgarh18
Sidhi17
Narsinghpur17
Chhindwara16
Agar Malwa15
Mandla15
Shivpuri15
Jhabua14
Shandol14
Singrauli13
Ashoknagar13
Datia12
Sehore12
Umaria10
Balaghat9
Guna8
Harda4
Alirajpur3
Katni3
Seoni2
Niwari0

2,03,231 1,634

14,981 304

1,85,013 1,317

3,237 13

DistrictCases
Amritsar485
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Tarn Taran163
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
S.A.S Nagar137
Patiala132
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Pathankot86
Rupnagar (Ropar)74
Faridkot74
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Moga65
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Firozepur50
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Barnala25

1,50,805 719

7,834 115

1,38,206 576

4,765 28

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Srinagar300
Kulgam295
Baramulla271
Shopian255
Kupwara231
Bandipora175
Udhampur155
Ramban151
Jammu138
Budgam110
Pulwama108
Kathua53
Rajouri39
Ganderbal37
Poonch35
Doda27
Reasi26
Samba25
Kishtwar10
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0

1,09,383 512

5,112 124

1,02,591 632

1,680 4

DistrictCases
East Singhbum170
Ranchi148
Hazaribagh110
Garhwa80
Ramgarh75
Koderma58
Simdega48
Dhanbad32
Gumla28
Palamu27
West Singhbhum21
SaraikelaKharsawan20
Giridih19
Bokaro16
Latehar14
Khunti10
Lohardaga8
Deoghar5
Dumka5
Pakur4
Jamtara2
Godda2
Chatra1
Sahebganj0

1,08,786 209

2,154 8

1,05,669 216

963 1

DistrictCases
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Tehri Garhwal110
Haridwar94
Udam Singh Nagar83
Almora71
Champawat45
Pithoragarh43
Chamoli36
PauriGarhwal36
Bageshwar31
Rudraprayag30
Uttar Kashi24

73,951 424

4,876 64

67,861 347

1,214 13

DistrictCases
South Goa69
North Goa57

47,689 198

1,348 35

45,655 163

686

DistrictCases
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Una41
Solan32
Chamba29
Bilaspur21
Mandi21
Sirmaur11
Shimla10
Kullu4
Kinnaur2
Lahaul And Spiti0

38,977 650

8,574 369

29,780 270

623 11

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Mahe4
Karaikal2
Yanam0

36,902 46

519 5

35,774 41

609

DistrictCases
Dhalai196
Sepahijala174
Gomati74
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45
Khowai24
North Tripura14

32,674 33

649 54

31,655 87

370

DistrictCases
Churachandpur32
Kangpokpi26
Imphal West21
Thoubal18
Imphal East10
Tengnoupal9
Bishnupur7
Senapati6
Chandel5
Kamjong5
Ukhrul4
Jiribam3
Pherzawl3
Kakching2
Tamenglong2
Noney1

24,749 235

3,283 31

21,203 197

263 7

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

17,246 89

1,115 75

15,857 160

274 4

DistrictCases
Changlang31
Papum Pare8
Lohit3
Namsai2
West Siang1
East Siang1
Upper Siang1
Tawang1
PakkeKessang1
West Kameng0
Upper Subansiri0
Tirap0
Siang0
Shi Yomi0
Anjaw0
Lower Subansiri0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Longding0
Leparada0
KurungKumey0
KraDaadi0
Kamle0
East Kameng0
Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0

16,262 31

888 23

15,323 53

51 1

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
West Garo Hills5
South West Garo Hills4
North Garo Hills1
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Khasi Hills0

11,704 71

858 59

10,735 129

111 1

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Mon8
Kohima7
Kiphire3
Tuensang3
Peren2
Phek1
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

11,115 24

1,221 1

9,830 25

64

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

8,328 56

885 19

7,327 73

116 2

DistrictCases
East District3
South District3
North District0
West District0

4,967 59

288 24

4,572 31

107 4

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

4,698 9

119 1

4,518 10

61

DistrictCases
Kolasib11
Aizawl10
Mamit8
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Saitual1
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Saiha0
Serchhip0

3,822 16

392 42

3,425 58

5

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

3,330

23 4

3,305 4

2

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

0

0 0

0

0

Coronavirus Outbreak: Full CoverageTesting CentresFAQs

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may also like

World Toilet Day 2020: India Achieved Goal Of Having Toilets In Every House 11 Years Before Target, Says Jal Shakti Minister

On World Toilet Day 2020, Union Minister of Jal Shakti Gajendra Singh Shekhawat said India achieved United Nations' sustainable development goal of having toilets in every house by 2030 in 2019 only