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50 Per Cent People Don’t Wear A Mask: Health Ministry Cites Study

Citing a study, ICMR Director General Balram Bhargava said, of the 50 per cent wearing a mask, 64 per cent cover their mouth but not nose, 20 per cent have it on chin and 2 per cent mask on neck

50 Per Cent People Don't Wear A Mask: Health Ministry Cites Study
Highlights
  • 2,000 people were surveyed across 25 cities for the study
  • In the second COVID wave, India is looking at ramping Rapid Antigen Testing
  • To ramp up COVID-19 testing, ICMR has approved a home-based testing kit

New Delhi: The government aims to ramp up India’s daily testing capacity for COVID-19 to 45 lakh by end of June from the current capacity of 16-20 lakh per day, the Centre said on Thursday (May 20) as a record 20.55 lakh tests were conducted in a span of 24 hours. On augmenting testing for COVID-19 while ICMR has so far approved a home-based rapid antigen testing (RAT) kit manufactured by Mylab Discovery Solutions Ltd, Pune, ICMR Director General Balram Bhargava said kits by three more companies are in pipeline and likely to get the approval within a week.

Also Read: COVID Challenge Remains As Long As Infection Exists Even At Minor Scale: PM Modi

Mr Bhargava said kits for home testing will be available in market in 3-4 days.

Besides, Mr Bhargava said for ramping up capacity the ICMR has validated more than 105 Rapid Antigen Tests companies and approved 41 of them.

We are doing 16-20 lakh tests this week and we have a capacity of about 20 lakh tests by end of the month and upto the end of next month we can have the capacity of upto 45 lakh because ICMR has validated more than 105 RAT companies and approved 41 of them and 31 of them are indigenous, he said.

Out of the 45 lakh tests, 18 lakh will be RT-PCR, while 27 lakh will be Rapid Antigen Tests.

More than 20.55 lakh tests were conducted in a span of 24 hours, the highest ever conducted in a single day in India.

Also Read: Third Wave Of COVID-19 Possible If Vaccination Not Ramped Up, COVID Norms Not Followed: Scientist

He further said all the states have placed the order and they are rapidly enhancing their testing capacity.

For home testing, you buy test kit from chemist shop then download mobile app, register and read user manual and then you conduct the test yourself and click mobile image and upload mobile phone gives test result. This ensures patient confidentiality, the data stored in secure server and linked with ICMR database, he said.

In large cities, Mr Bhargava said focus was mainly on RT PCR which is the standard test but in district level the backbone of testing has been TrueNAT and CBNAAT, while in rural areas RAT is the backbone of testing.

“In the second wave, we have to increase the RAT testing, we have written to all chief secretaries and they have acted upon it. Multiple 24X7 RAT booths to be set up in cities, towns and villages.”

RATS to be allowed at all government and private healthcare facilities (no accreditation required). RAT booths to be set up with the community in schools, colleges, community centres, RWA offices etc. All RTPCR and RAT test results should be uploaded on ICMR portal, he said.

Also Read: Indian Data Suggests Runaway COVID-19 Infections As Deaths Hit Daily Record

“We have encouraged testing at all primary health centres and sub centres which are 1,87,601 so testing. Those testing positive can be isolated immediately and those testing negative and are still symptomatic their samples need to be sent for RT-PCR testing so that will have to go to a facility. But if the positivity rate is high then RAT will be able to isolate them very fast,” he said.

Mr Bhargava said there are 2,553 government and private COVID testing laboratories established across the country over the last 16 months.

Citing a study, he said that 50 per cent people do not wear a mask.

Of the 50 per cent wearing a mask, 64 per cent cover their mouth but not nose, 20 per cent have it on chin and 2 per cent mask on neck, he said, adding that 2,000 people were surveyed across 25 cities for the study.

Health Ministry Joint Secretary Lav Agarwal said a continuous decline in the COVID-19 active cases has been noted in the last 15 days.

From being 17.13 per cent reported on May 3, the active cases now comprise 12.1 per cent of the country’s total infections. A positive trend in recovery has also been noted. The recovery rate which was 81.7 per cent on May 3 has increased to 86.7 now, he said.

Also Read: Explainer: All About DRDO’s New COVID Drug

Mr Agarwal said India has witnessed a consistent upward trend in weekly tests since mid February with average daily tests increased by 2.3 times in last 12 weeks.

After a consistent increase in case positivity for 10 weeks, a decline in case positivity since last 2 weeks has been reported, he added.

Mr Agarwal said the country’s positivity rate in the last ten has been recorded less than 20 per cent and positivity rate was recorded at 13.31 per cent on Wednesday which was lowest in a month.

Eight states have more than 1 lakh active cases, nine states have 50,000 to 1 lakh active cases and 19 states have less than 50000 active. A decline has been observed in six states which were major contributors to active cases in the country — Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh Gujarat, he said.

Seven states have more than 25 per cent positivity rate, while 9 states have between 20-25 positivity rate. Twenty-two states have more than 15 per cent positivity rate, 13 states have 5 to 15 per cent positivity rate and one state has less than 5 per cent positivity, he said.

Also Read: India Logs 13 Per Cent Fall In New COVID-19 Cases In Week; Still Highest Globally: WHO

Mr Agarwal said the number of districts with a week-on-week increase in weekly tests and decline in positivity considered for the week has increased from 210 to 303 districts.

Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi and Jharkhand are 10 states where a decline in cases and decline in positivity in the last 3 weeks have been observed, he added.

Tamil Nadu, Meghalaya Tripura, Manipur, Nagaland, Sikkim, Mizoram are states showing a rise in cases and rise in positivity in last three weeks, he said.

Mr Agarwal further said that there are 89 districts where a decreasing trend in cases is being noted and there are 123 districts where a decreasing trend in case positivity is being observed for last 3 weeks.

Also Read: Both Pfizer, Moderna Vaccines Effective On B.1.617 COVID-19 Strain: US Study

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

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