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Earth Day 2021: There Is No Planet B, It’s Time We Take Actions To Restore Our Earth, Five Things You Need To Know

As world marks April 22 as Earth Day, here’s a lowdown on things you should know about the day – why it is important to celebrate the day, what is the theme and more

Earth Day 2021: There Is No Planet B, It's Time We Take Actions To Restore Our Earth, Five Things You Need To Know

New Delhi: Every year, on April 22, the world is reminded of the challenges facing planet Earth. The day is marked as Earth Day and it aims to educate people on the importance of protecting the the natural habitat, counter climate change and stop destruction of biodiversity, all of which impact the livelihoods of people.

From rise in instances of forest fires, soaring temperatures to unpredictable weather patterns and spells of drought and floods, it is a full blown crisis that cannot be ignored. Even the current crisis of COVID -19, the worst pandemic in over 100 years, lays bare the damage consistent loss of biodiversity and the resultant man animal conflict can cause. As we celebrate April 22 this year, experts, environmentalist, activists and other stakeholders give a clarion call on the need to shift to a more sustainable economy that works for both people and the planet. Here is why celebrating Earth Day assumes importance:

Also Read: Earth Day 2021: How Can We Restore Our Earth?

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) says that effects and impacts of climate change can be seen across the world. Over the years there has been an increase in frequency and magnitude of extreme weather events from heatwaves, droughts, flooding, winter storms, hurricanes and wildfires. Here are some worrying facts:

• The global average temperature in 2019 was 1.1 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial period, according to World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
• As per WMO, 2019 concluded a decade of exceptional global heat, retreating ice and record sea levels driven by greenhouse gases produced by human activities.
• Average temperatures for the five-year (2015-2019) and ten-year (2010-2019) periods are the highest on record as per WMO. Whereas 2019 was the second hottest year on record
• Based on today’s insufficient global commitments to reduce climate polluting emissions, emissions are on track to reach 56 gigatonnes CO2 by 2030, over twice what it should be.

Also Read: A Forest Officer From Jharkhand Comes Up With An Idea To Stop Forest Fires, Illegal Tree Felling And Creates Jobs

Keeping these stark facts in mind, Paris Agreement came into existence. Paris Agreement 2015 is a legally binding international treaty on climate change. It was adopted by 196 Parties in Paris, on 12 December 2015 and entered into force on 4 November 2016.

Under the Paris Agreement on climate, nations agreed to a legally binding commitment in Paris to limit global temperature rise to no more than 2°C above pre-industrial levels but also offered national pledges to cut or curb their greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. This is known as the Paris Agreement. The initial pledges of 2015 are insufficient to meet the target, and governments are expected to review and increase these pledges as a key objective this year.

Theme Of Earth Day 2021

Every year, the day is marked with a unique theme. This year, it is – Restore Our Earth, which aims to educate people that together everyone can prevent the forthcoming disasters of climate change and environmental destruction.

Also Read: Google Earth’s ‘Timelapse’ Reflects The Effects Of Climate Change Over The Past 37 Years

How Will Earth Day 2021 Be Celebrated

April 22 – the D-day will be marked across the globe with workshops, panel discussions focussing on this year’s theme ‘Restore Our Earth’. The day aims to discuss natural processes, emerging green technologies, and innovative thinking that can help restore the world’s ecosystems. Some of the topics of discussion will be – Climate and environmental literacy, Climate restoration technologies, Reforestation efforts, Regenerative agriculture, Equity and environmental justice, Cleanups, and more. The day aims to bring world climate leaders, grassroots activists, nonprofit innovators, thought leaders, industry leaders, artists, musicians, influencers, and the leaders of tomorrow together so that everyone can contribute to make the Earth a better place.

Also Read: 8 States Highly Vulnerable To Climate Change: Report

History of Earth Day

Back in 1970, Earth Day was founded by Senator of United States Gaylord Nelson to promote ecology and raise awareness about the growing problems of air, water, and soil pollution. Then in 1990, the Earth Day went global when a group of environmental leaders approached Denis Hayes, an advocate of environmental causes and potential of solar power, to organize another major campaign for the planet. That year, the day helped mobilise 200 million people in 141 countries, putting environmental issues onto the world stage. Earth Day 1990 also gave a huge boost to recycling efforts worldwide and helped pave the way for the 1992 United Nations Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. The United Nations calls it by “International Mother Earth Day”.

In 2020, Earth Day marked 50 years with global activations that aim to mobilise a billion people worldwide for transformative action for the planet.

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

24,24,98,327Cases
20,40,54,102Active
3,35,14,449Recovered
49,29,776Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 24,24,98,327 and 49,29,776 have died; 20,40,54,102 are active cases and 3,35,14,449 have recovered as on October 22, 2021 at 5:24 am.

India

3,41,43,236 15,786Cases
1,75,7453,086Active
3,35,14,449 18,641Recovered
4,53,042 231Deaths
In India, there are 3,41,43,236 confirmed cases including 4,53,042 deaths. The number of active cases is 1,75,745 and 3,35,14,449 have recovered as on October 22, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,98,218 1,573

27,899 1,434

64,30,394 2,968

1,39,925 39

Kerala

48,88,523 8,733

82,093 1,240

47,79,228 9,855

27,202 118

Karnataka

29,84,849 365

9,017 86

29,37,848 443

37,984 8

Tamil Nadu

26,91,797 1,164

13,790 268

26,42,039 1,412

35,968 20

Andhra Pradesh

20,62,303 493

5,500 66

20,42,476 552

14,327 7

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,068 10

107 5

16,87,062 14

22,899 1

West Bengal

15,83,646 833

7,535 44

15,57,090 775

19,021 14

Delhi

14,39,488 22

311 1

14,14,087 21

25,090

Odisha

10,37,056 524

4,336 51

10,24,422 573

8,298 2

Chhattisgarh

10,05,773 38

206 21

9,91,995 16

13,572 1

Rajasthan

9,54,395 2

36 2

9,45,405 4

8,954

Gujarat

8,26,353 13

156 20

8,16,110 33

10,087

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,721 12

88 6

7,82,110 6

10,523

Haryana

7,71,125 9

131 2

7,60,945 11

10,049

Bihar

7,26,042 6

30 0

7,16,351 6

9,661

Telangana

6,69,739 183

3,967 1

6,61,829 183

3,943 1

Assam

6,07,811 384

3,762 152

5,98,087 228

5,962 4

Punjab

6,02,135 22

226 6

5,85,358 27

16,551 1

Jharkhand

3,48,526 40

166 24

3,43,225 16

5,135

Uttarakhand

3,43,787 14

176 0

3,36,213 14

7,398

Jammu And Kashmir

3,31,386 87

814 14

3,26,143 73

4,429

Himachal Pradesh

2,22,138 202

1,452 58

2,16,955 140

3,731 4

Goa

1,77,765 59

618 21

1,73,790 35

3,357 3

Puducherry

1,27,564 43

454 7

1,25,258 50

1,852

Manipur

1,23,051 81

1,346 14

1,19,800 94

1,905 1

Mizoram

1,15,944 737

10,034 229

1,05,510 962

400 4

Tripura

84,369 18

105 10

83,448 8

816

Meghalaya

83,210 52

735 26

81,034 76

1,441 2

Chandigarh

65,315 3

26 2

64,469 1

820

Arunachal Pradesh

55,065 22

140 2

54,645 20

280

Sikkim

31,819 19

185 10

31,241 9

393

Nagaland

31,670 11

250 5

30,743 15

677 1

Ladakh

20,896 10

43 9

20,645 1

208

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,678 2

4 2

10,670

4

Lakshadweep

10,365

0 0

10,314

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,646

7 0

7,510

129

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