Opinion: Food Systems – Innocent Victim Or Inadvertent Instigator Of Pandemics?

Opinion: Food Systems – Innocent Victim Or Inadvertent Instigator Of Pandemics?

Food was one of the the biggest worries during the lockdown but why? Are our food systems inefficient or could this be averted or minimized by stronger, more robust food systems? Dr Shweta Khandelwal answers this and many more such questions
Blogs, National Nutrition Month, Swasth India
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Food Systems: Innocent Victim Or Inadvertent Instigator Of Pandemics?COVID 19 laid open the gross inadequacies in our food system
Highlights
  • In India, 23% of women and 20% of men age 15-49 are undernourished: NFHS-4
  • 36 per cent of children under five years of age are underweight: NFHS-4
  • Food is responsible for approximately 26% of global greenhouse gas emission

New Delhi: Food was the biggest worry during the lockdown for everyone- those who could afford were anxious about safe access and delivery of food items while for some, getting two meals a day was a big deal. While some were sharing recipes, cooking videos, others were scraping the pots to get any food in their hungry stomachs. Of course, the governments recognized this early on and announced several packages, organized mass feedings, provided access to subsidised or free meals. Even personal and institutional philanthropy helped many to survive this dark period. But a big question is why did we not plan for rainy days like this beforehand? Why was there so much chaos and unrest over a basic requirement that is food? Are our food systems inefficient or could this be averted or minimized by stronger, more robust food systems? Simply focusing on farm to fork did not help much when pandemics like COVID 19 struck. In fact, they merely laid open the gross inadequacies in our food system. And if we do not tighten our leaky cups now, we will run out of subsidies and free meals when the next one comes knocking our doors. I am not a pessimist; thus saying negative things pain me but my straightforwardness in this piece is only to express my concern about a disjointed siloed approach to fixing India’s hunger and malnourishment problems in both the short and long term. Before we move further, please note that in simple words the food system refers to a complex web of activities involving the production, processing, transport, and consumption.

Food Systems: Innocent Victim Or Inadvertent Instigator Of Pandemics?
During COVID-19 induced lockdown, various non-governmental organisations stepped up to distribute food

Also Read: COVID-19 Warriors: Indian Cricket Fans Across 6 Countries Join Hands To Distribute Food To 400 Needy Families In Mumbai

The unprecedented social, economic crisis triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic poses grave risks to the nutritional status and survival of young children especially in low-income and middle-income countries like India. India’s poor nutrition statistics before COVID were already abysmal – 23 per cent women and 20 per cent of men age 15-49 are undernourished and 36 per cent children under five years of age are underweight (NFHS-4); 38 per cent children under five years of age are stunted (NFHS-4); 21 per cent children under five years of age are wasted (NFHS-4); 2 per cent preschool children (below 5 years of age) are overweight and obese (CNNS, 2019).

Food Systems: Innocent Victim Or Inadvertent Instigator Of Pandemics?
The status of infant and under-five mortality rate in India

21 per cent women and 19 per cent men are overweight and obese (NFHS-4); and several million are grappling with hidden hunger i.e. multiple micronutrient deficiencies. And now post COVID, food insecurity globally will double – from the current 135 million, the projections show 265 million food insecure people by end of 2020. This will also translate into additional estimated 6·7 million wasted children in 2020 (57.6 per cent of these in South Asia alone).

Food Systems: Innocent Victim Or Inadvertent Instigator Of Pandemics?
Nutritional status of adults in India

Also Read: Even Though India Sees Improvement In Most Health Indicators, Is The Vision Of Swasth India Still A Distant Dream? 

The causes and consequences of nutritional change should be of interest to economists and policymakers for two main reasons. The first is health, through which nutrition affects education, labor productivity and human capital formation. Poor diet quality has long been the greatest avoidable cause of death and disability, first through the increased vulnerability to poor growth and infectious diseases especially in childhood and then through cardio-metabolic or other non-communicable diseases in later life. All forms of malnutrition coexist at various levels, and are linked to a wide range of health disparities.

The second set of concerns about human nutrition are environmental, given that food production is the largest single contributor to natural resource use, pollution and especially carbon emissions. Climate change and other environmental factors affect food supplies, through both long-term trends and more frequent extremes such as droughts and floods. In the last decade, multiple calls for grand-scale food systems transformation to improve diets and nutrition emerged globally. And now, planetary health has also come to the forefront. Making this transformation is not so easy with the challenges food systems face. With climate disruption, worsening food insecurity and malnutrition, systemic inequities, and now, the COVID-19 pandemic, can there be some respite via food systems? There is overwhelming global evidence that atmospheric, geologic, hydrologic, biospheric and other earth system processes are now altered by humans. As the IPCC 2018 puts it, “The challenge of avoiding catastrophic climate breakdown requires rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society.” As Jessica Fanzo puts it, “Food systems are both victims and instigators of climate change.” Economically poor households are likely to experience a disproportionate burden of the impacts of climate change.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak: Door-step Delivery Of Ration Is The Way Forward To Feed The Hungry And Maintain Social Distancing In Delhi

Climate change is a threat to food security. Climate change is projected to have a net adverse impact on the quality and quantity of crop yields. The ensuing loss of biodiversity and water stress will impact the ability to grow food. Extreme weather events such as heat waves, droughts, and flooding and cold spells can lead to devastating crop failures of major crops such as wheat, maize, soybean and rice. The risk of extreme weather events co-occurring at multiple cropping locations globally is increasing because of climate change. Food safety risks will change with a warmer world. Risk maps for aflatoxin contamination (aflatoxins are genotoxic, carcinogenic and immunosuppressive substances and cause both acute and chronic toxicity) in maize at harvest would reduce the availability of maize for both food and particularly feed uses. Contaminated crops will have a reduced economic value, as they need to be diverted to other uses such as biofuel generation. This could lead to an end of maize production in current areas as being uneconomical. In addition, the enlargement of aflatoxin risk zones could increase human and animal population chronic exposures to these mycotoxins.

Food is responsible for approximately 26 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE). Of this, livestock and fisheries account for 31  per cent of food emissions; Crop production accounts for 27 per cent of food emissions; Land use accounts for 24% of food emissions; Supply chains account for 18 per cent of food emissions. The environmental stress of food production will continue in order to meet dietary demands. Fifty percent of the world’s crop calories currently come from wheat, rice and maize. If we add sugar, barley, soy, palm and potatoes, it rises to ~76 per cent. The recent EAT Lancet Commission calls for grand transformations to food production systems but we know that our diets have become more similar (losing diet diversity) in the last 50 years. In fact, studies show a huge discrepancy in what is proposed/recommended for eating versus what is produced. Globally, the agricultural system overproduces grains, fats, and sugars while production of fruits and vegetables (FVs) and protein is not sufficient to meet the nutritional needs of the current population eg. 50 per cent more FVs needed as against 11 per cent production; Milk and milk products also need to be doubled in production to match consumption recommendations. Cereals needed are ~20 per cent but we produce more than 60 per cent (including sugar).

Food Systems: Innocent Victim Or Inadvertent Instigator Of Pandemics?
The food we should eat vs what we produce

Also Read: National Nutrition Month: ‘The Mantra Is To Add As Many Colours Of Food As Possible In Your Diet,’ Says Expert

Correcting this imbalance could reduce the amount of arable land used by agriculture by 51 million hectare (ha) and increase GHGE. Scientists propose that the only way to eat a nutritionally balanced diet, save land and reduce GHGE is to consume and produce more FVs as well as transition to diets higher in plant-based protein. Such a move will help protect habitats and help meet the Sustainable Development Goals.

Another important issue is that the reference Lancet-EAT diet is unaffordable for 1.6 billion people. Food prices can also lead to social unrest. Animal source foods are even more expensive. Studies show that higher relative caloric prices for food predict lower consumption among children for 7 of 9 food groups. Poor food choices fuel malnutrition eg. 1-SD increase in milk prices was associated with a 2.8 percentage point increase in the stunting prevalence. Similarly, a 1-SD increase in soft drink prices was associated with a reduction in the overweight prevalence of∼3.6 percentage points.

Also Read: ‘Lack Of Nutrition During The First 1000 Days Of Life Can Impact Brain Development’, Says Expert

The solutions have to be R-I-G-H-T of course!

Research And Evidence

This has always been my first key point when it comes to any positive transformation. We need sustainable solutions emerging from and backed by high-quality rigorous research. Investment in research and good education is vital for a country’s growth and development. We will need a menu of solutions: changes to diets; food waste reduction; improvements in agricultural efficiency; and technologies that make low-carbon food alternatives scalable and affordable.

Also Read: ‘Lack Of Nutrition During The First 1000 Days Of Life Can Impact Brain Development’, Says Expert

Information Technology

All forms of modern communication, savvy technologies, innovation in big data and global cooperation etc are set to drive the processes faster and more efficiently. We need state of the art technologies to propel our growth to fight multiple forms of malnutrition timely and fix inefficiencies. Eg recently announced National digital health mission by Govt of India, use of CAS by MWCD, artificial intelligence in healthcare etc.

Galvanize Action By Communities

Jan Andolan needs to be a key part of this vision. In fact, children and youth should drive this – be it from schools, local communities, neighborhoods, workplaces etc. We have heard senior leadership often urging people to ‘reform to transform’. Motivating others to reduce food wastage, save water, use clean and green resources requires investment in educating masses by using social media and technology. Using awareness, health and nutrition education, all stakeholders must rally call-to-action and promote policy advocacy as well as behavioural change to improve outcomes.

Also Read: National Nutrition Month: Nutritional Requirements Of A Baby From 0-2 Years

Harmonize And Harness Power

Harmonize and harness power of multisectoral joint vision, accountability and action. To address the multiple forms of malnutrition, synergistic policies and programs must operate via multiple sectors simultaneously, including agriculture, trade, environment, health, water and sanitation, education, social protection, and gender. Eg. While the environment policy should be sensitive about food systems, the Poshan Abhiyaan must integrate ways to obtain and deliver nutritious solutions in an equitable climate friendly way. Policies, politics and political economies need to agree to shared vision and concerted action. Due to the urgency of climate change issues, environment considerations must be a part of all nutrition and health related discussions and decisions.

Also Read: Five Must-Have Nutrients For A Pregnant Woman

Timely Action

Timely action to tighten the processes and fix weak policies for a healthy sustainable affordable food system for all – let no conflict of interest sway this vision. Safe sustainable food must be the priority. We need to build capacity of front line workers, program managers, healthcare and allied services personnel to contribute in achieving a robust food system.

As a committed public health nutrition professional, I was and am even more convinced that the solutions to fight malnutrition overall and in challenging times like this COVID 19, will emerge from a strong, resilient, equitable and climate friendly food system. Accelerators to help achieve healthy and sustainable diets, productive optimized food systems and reduced waste are critical pieces to transform and attain sustainable food systems. So this nutrition month I am going all out to urge attention and resources to strengthen food systems. Food systems should help promote optimal human health, ensure future sustainable planetary health, and provide equitable and fair livelihoods of food system actors. Delivering the triple wins (in health, economy and environment) will require collective commitment to fight worsening, inequitable food insecurity and making the RIGHT choices about food contingent on resilient food systems. I am in, are you?

Also Read: Blog: Akshaya Patra Deploys Technology To Serve 1.8 Million Children Midday Meals

Food Systems: Innocent Victim Or Inadvertent Instigator Of Pandemics?

 

 

Dr Shweta Khandelwal is Head, Nutrition Research and Additional Professor, Public Health Foundation of India

 

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. The facts and opinions appearing in the article do not reflect the views of NDTV and NDTV does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.

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World

5,86,14,614Cases
1,97,37,336Active
3,74,90,171Recovered
13,87,107Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 191 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 5,86,14,614 and 13,87,107 have died; 1,97,37,336 are active cases and 3,74,90,171 have recovered as on November 23, 2020 at 3:52 am.

India

91,39,865 44059Cases
4,43,486 2524Active
85,62,641 41024Recovered
1,33,738 511Deaths
In India, there are 91,39,865 confirmed cases including 1,33,738 deaths. The number of active cases is 4,43,486 and 85,62,641 have recovered as on November 23, 2020 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Mumbai45,478
Thane13,660
Pune9,920
Mumbai Suburban5,363
Aurangabad1,974
Nashik1,575
Raigad1,462
Palghar1,421
Solapur1,291
Jalgaon1,039
Akola757
Nagpur692
Kolhapur646
Satara629
Ratnagiri350
Amravati291
Dhule228
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Ahmednagar190
Nanded176
Yavatmal150
Sangli145
Latur139
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Buldhana88
Parbhani78
gondia69
Beed54
Nandurbar42
Gadchiroli42
Bhandara41
Chandrapur32
Washim13
Wardha11

17,80,208 5,753

82,521 1,643

16,51,064 4,060

46,623 50

DistrictCases
Udupi1,176
Kalaburagi669
Yadgir538
Bengaluru Urban529
Raichur369
Mandya346
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Hassan205
Davangere204
Vijayapura201
Dakshina Kannada179
Chikkaballapura149
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Uttara Kannada95
Shivamogga67
Dharwad61
Ballari60
Gadag45
Bengaluru Rural40
Tumakuru36
Kolar29
Haveri24
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Koppal5
Kodagu4
Ramanagara3
Chamarajanagara0

8,73,046 1,704

24,887 154

8,36,505 1,537

11,654 13

DistrictCases
Kurnool795
Krishna557
Guntur511
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Chittoor319
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Y.S.R.205
West Godavari199
Srikakulam183
Prakasam104
Visakhapatnam103
Vizianagaram23

8,62,213 1,121

14,249 521

8,41,026 1,631

6,938 11

DistrictCases
Chennai23,324
Chengalpattu1,314
Thiruvallur774
Villupuram509
Kanchipuram503
Tiruvannamalai496
Cuddalore477
Ariyalur444
Tirunelveli433
Tuticorin333
Kallakurichi324
Madurai322
Salem258
Coimbatore188
Virudhunagar185
Dindigul175
Perambalur133
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Ramanathapuram119
Tiruppur116
Kanniyakumari110
Tenkasi103
Nagapattinam99
Karur88
Namakkal83
Erode75
Vellore71
Thiruvarur67
Pudukkottai53
Sivaganga46
Tirupathur45
Krishnagiri43
The Nilgiris17
Dharmapuri15

7,69,995 1,655

12,542 374

7,45,848 2,010

11,605 19

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kasaragod333
Palakkad224
Malappuram119
Kollam118
Thrissur106
Thiruvananthapuram104
Pathanamthitta98
Kozhikode90
Alappuzha76
Kottayam73
Ernakulam60
Idukki40
Wayanad36

5,62,695 5,254

65,982 1,000

4,94,664 6,227

2,049 27

DistrictCases
North West5,463
Central4,817
West4,768
New Delhi3,405
North3,059
East2,472
South East2,446
South West2,391
South2,329
North East1,914
Shahdara1,580

5,29,863 6,746

40,212 471

4,81,260 6,154

8,391 121

DistrictCases
Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119
Agra933
Ghaziabad794
Meerut504
Lucknow386
Saharanpur298
Kanpur Nagar286
Moradabad252
Varanasi243
Hapur225
Aligarh215
Basti214
Amethi206
Rampur203
Jaunpur194
Firozabad190
Barabanki168
Gorakhpur166
Bulandshahr166
Siddharth Nagar159
Ghazipur159
Bijnor157
Deoria143
Azamgarh138
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Mathura129
Ayodhya120
Muzaffarnagar117
Sambhal116
Sultanpur97
Ambedkar Nagar92
Maharajganj85
Amroha80
Rae Bareli78
Bahraich73
Kheri72
Kannauj69
Baghpat68
Kushi Nagar67
Bhadohi60
Ballia60
Gonda59
Etah52
Hardoi49
Balrampur49
Mau48
Mainpuri46
Etawah46
Hathras43
Unnao42
Jalaun41
Jhansi41
Shamli40
Chandauli38
Auraiya37
Farrukhabad36
Sitapur32
Prayagraj30
Banda27
Shahjahanpur25
Shravasti23
Budaun23
Mirzapur22
Bareilly17
Kasganj16
Pratapgarh15
Pilibhit15
Sonbhadra10
Kaushambi6
Kanpur Dehat4
Chitrakoot4
Lalitpur3
Hamirpur3
Mahoba3
Fatehpur3

5,26,780 2,557

23,806 335

4,95,415 2,187

7,559 35

DistrictCases
Kolkata2,777
Howrah1,435
24 Paraganas North1,031
Hooghly604
24 Paraganas South281
Maldah235
Dinajpur Uttar216
Coochbehar210
Birbhum206
Medinipur West159
Medinipur East153
Nadia139
Purba Bardhaman130
Murshidabad125
Bankura116
Darjeeling97
Jalpaiguri88
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purulia66
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Alipurduar39
Kalimpong18
Jhargram9

4,56,361 3,591

25,207 184

4,23,129 3,726

8,025 49

DistrictCases
Ganjam581
Jajapur322
Khordha238
Baleshwar190
Kendrapara164
Cuttack155
Bhadrak137
Balangir129
Puri103
Sundargarh102
Jagatsinghapur91
Nayagarh86
Mayurbhanj73
Nuapada69
Gajapati61
Dhenkanal36
Boudh34
Kendujhar34
Deogarh33
Kalahandi33
Sonepur29
Kandhamal28
Anugul26
Malkangiri20
Bargarh16
Koraput16
Sambalpur16
Jharsuguda8
Nabarangpur2
Rayagada2

3,13,961 638

6,508 282

3,05,813 905

1,640 15

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2,475
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Jagitial77
Nizamabad76
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Mancherial43
YadadriBhuvanagiri40
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Vikarabad40
Nalgonda33
Warangal Urban32
Mahabubnagar30
Sangareddy26
Khammam26
Adilabad22
Nirmal21
Karimnagar17
RajannaSircilla16
Medak11
Kamareddy11
Mahabubabad10
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Nagarkurnool8
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Jangoan8
Siddipet7
Peddapalli5
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Warangal Rural4
Mulugu3
Narayanpet3
Wanaparthy1

2,64,128 602

11,227 416

2,51,468 1,015

1,433 3

DistrictCases
Jaipur2,177
Jodhpur1,748
Udaipur724
Bharatpur563
Kota503
Nagaur500
Ajmer379
Dungarpur374
Pali352
Jhalawar329
Bhilwara250
Sikar231
Chittorgarh188
Tonk171
Jalore164
Rajsamand140
Sirohi130
Bikaner112
Banswara91
Alwar90
Churu81
Jhunjhunu64
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Baran59
Jaisalmer53
Barmer34
Hanumangarh31
SawaiMadhopur26
Karauli17
Pratapgarh14
Ganganagar8
Bundi5

2,43,936 3,260

23,190 1,239

2,18,583 2,004

2,163 17

DistrictCases
Patna279
Bhagalpur266
Rohtas256
Khagaria253
Begusarai243
Madhubani199
Munger188
Jehanabad178
Katihar175
Darbhanga143
Samastipur139
Siwan139
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Banka134
Buxar134
Nalanda123
Gopalganj123
Nawada122
Sheikhpura118
Gaya115
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Bhojpur103
Saran101
Muzaffarpur96
Saharsa88
Supaul87
Vaishali87
Madhepura82
Kishanganj75
Aurangabad75
Sitamarhi73
Lakhisarai72
Araria68
Pashchim Champaran57
Arwal52
Jamui47
Sheohar20

2,29,544 367

4,839 243

2,23,484 605

1,221 5

DistrictCases
Bilaspur100
Korba100
Mungeli87
Baloda Bazar85
Jashpur77
Janjgir-Champa56
Mahasamund54
Rajnandgaon52
Kabirdham52
Raigarh47
Raipur46
Balod41
Korea39
Durg31
Bemetara21
Kanker19
Balrampur17
Surguja14
Gariyaband10
Surajpur9
Dhamtari6
Bijapur2
Bastar2
Dantewada0
Kondagaon0
Narayanpur0
Sukma0

2,23,436 1,748

21,393 734

1,99,311 995

2,732 19

DistrictCases
Gurugram2,950
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Rohtak145
Palwal120
Jhajjar114
Karnal104
Hisar98
Ambala93
Panipat78
Nuh68
Bhiwani60
Rewari56
Kurukshetra55
Sirsa50
Kaithal48
Mahendragarh47
CharkiDadri43
Panchkula39
Fatehabad38
Jind38
Yamunanagar19

2,17,300 2,279

20,344 19

1,94,768 2,235

2,188 25

DistrictCases
Kamrup Metro276
Golaghat203
Nagaon143
Hojai89
Dima Hasao86
Karimganj85
Tinsukia84
Cachar80
Dibrugarh61
Hailakandi57
Lakhimpur57
Marigaon50
Dhemaji47
Kamrup42
Kokrajhar37
Dhubri30
Charaideo29
Barpeta28
Udalguri28
Sonitpur27
Jorhat24
Nalbari23
Darrang20
Sivasagar20
Goalpara19
Biswanath16
Baksa14
KarbiAnglong13
Bongaigaon12
Chirang6
West KarbiAnglong5
South SalmaraMancachar4
Majuli2

2,11,513 86

3,142 90

2,07,397 175

974 1

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17,125
Surat2,311
Vadodara1,555
Gandhinagar410
Mahesana159
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Rajkot135
Arvalli134
Mahisagar125
Anand107
PanchMahals107
Patan105
SabarKantha101
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Jamnagar63
Bharuch56
Botad55
Surendranagar55
Valsad47
GirSomnath45
Dohad43
Chhotaudepur37
Naysari35
Junagadh31
Narmada25
DevbhumiDwarka22
Amreli16
Porbandar11
Tapi6
Dang5
Morbi4

1,97,412 1,495

13,600 315

1,79,953 1,167

3,859 13

DistrictCases
Indore3,839
Bhopal1,880
Ujjain799
Burhanpur351
Neemuch319
Jabalpur276
East Nimar266
Sagar228
Gwalior211
Khargone196
Dewas140
Dhar132
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Bhind87
Raisen71
Barwani60
Ratlam51
Rewa39
Shajapur39
Hoshangabad37
Vidisha37
Chhatarpur35
Betul35
Rajgarh31
Dindori29
Sheopur26
Damoh26
Satna24
Anuppur22
Panna20
Tikamgarh18
Sidhi17
Narsinghpur17
Chhindwara16
Agar Malwa15
Mandla15
Shivpuri15
Jhabua14
Shandol14
Singrauli13
Ashoknagar13
Datia12
Sehore12
Umaria10
Balaghat9
Guna8
Harda4
Alirajpur3
Katni3
Seoni2
Niwari0

1,93,044 1,798

11,765 573

1,78,117 1,212

3,162 13

DistrictCases
Amritsar485
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Tarn Taran163
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
S.A.S Nagar137
Patiala132
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Pathankot86
Rupnagar (Ropar)74
Faridkot74
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Moga65
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Firozepur50
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Barnala25

1,46,346 679

6,724 163

1,35,008 497

4,614 19

DistrictCases
East Singhbum170
Ranchi148
Hazaribagh110
Garhwa80
Ramgarh75
Koderma58
Simdega48
Dhanbad32
Gumla28
Palamu27
West Singhbhum21
SaraikelaKharsawan20
Giridih19
Bokaro16
Latehar14
Khunti10
Lohardaga8
Deoghar5
Dumka5
Pakur4
Jamtara2
Godda2
Chatra1
Sahebganj0

1,07,469 137

2,289 141

1,04,229 272

951 6

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Srinagar300
Kulgam295
Baramulla271
Shopian255
Kupwara231
Bandipora175
Udhampur155
Ramban151
Jammu138
Budgam110
Pulwama108
Kathua53
Rajouri39
Ganderbal37
Poonch35
Doda27
Reasi26
Samba25
Kishtwar10
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0

1,06,548 564

5,700 20

99,219 579

1,629 5

DistrictCases
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Tehri Garhwal110
Haridwar94
Udam Singh Nagar83
Almora71
Champawat45
Pithoragarh43
Chamoli36
PauriGarhwal36
Bageshwar31
Rudraprayag30
Uttar Kashi24

71,256 466

4,368 286

65,733 171

1,155 9

DistrictCases
South Goa69
North Goa57

46,826 78

1,170 91

44,979 167

677 2

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Mahe4
Karaikal2
Yanam0

36,693 45

559 43

35,525 88

609

DistrictCases
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Una41
Solan32
Chamba29
Bilaspur21
Mandi21
Sirmaur11
Shimla10
Kullu4
Kinnaur2
Lahaul And Spiti0

34,327 627

7,034 36

26,756 644

537 19

DistrictCases
Dhalai196
Sepahijala174
Gomati74
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45
Khowai24
North Tripura14

32,434 19

796 74

31,269 90

369 3

DistrictCases
Churachandpur32
Kangpokpi26
Imphal West21
Thoubal18
Imphal East10
Tengnoupal9
Bishnupur7
Senapati6
Chandel5
Kamjong5
Ukhrul4
Jiribam3
Pherzawl3
Kakching2
Tamenglong2
Noney1

23,400 382

3,146 174

20,018 205

236 3

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

16,671 80

1,094 41

15,317 119

260 2

DistrictCases
Changlang31
Papum Pare8
Lohit3
Namsai2
West Siang1
East Siang1
Upper Siang1
Tawang1
PakkeKessang1
West Kameng0
Upper Subansiri0
Tirap0
Siang0
Shi Yomi0
Anjaw0
Lower Subansiri0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Longding0
Leparada0
KurungKumey0
KraDaadi0
Kamle0
East Kameng0
Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0

16,061 24

1,040 11

14,972 35

49

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
West Garo Hills5
South West Garo Hills4
North Garo Hills1
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Khasi Hills0

11,339 70

894 31

10,335 99

110 2

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Mon8
Kohima7
Kiphire3
Tuensang3
Peren2
Phek1
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

10,777 103

1,410 35

9,308 66

59 2

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

7,939 73

928 16

6,911 55

100 2

DistrictCases
East District3
South District3
North District0
West District0

4,722 31

278 11

4,345 41

99 1

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

4,641 10

140 2

4,440 12

61

DistrictCases
Kolasib11
Aizawl10
Mamit8
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Saitual1
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Saiha0
Serchhip0

3,660 13

463 22

3,192 35

5

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

3,321 4

39 0

3,280 4

2

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

0

0 0

0

0

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