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Increased Risk Of Heart Attack, Stroke In First Two Weeks Following COVID-19: Lancet Study

The study published in the Lancet journal compared the occurrence of acute myocardial infarction or heart attack, and stroke in 86,742 COVID-19 patients with 3.48lakh control individuals in Sweden from February 1 to September 14, 2020

Increased Risk Of Heart Attack, Stroke In First Two Weeks Following COVID-19: Lancet Study
Highlights
  • The researchers used two statistical methods in the study
  • Results show how important it is to vaccinate against COVID-19: Co-author
  • Researchers emphasis on vaccinating elderly who are at increased risk

London: The risk of heart attack and stroke is increased three-fold in the first two weeks following COVID-19, according to a study published in The Lancet journal. The study compared the occurrence of acute myocardial infarction or heart attack, and stroke in 86,742 COVID-19 patients with 348,481 control individuals in Sweden from February 1 to September 14, 2020. “We found a three-fold increased risk of acute myocardial infarction and stroke in the first two weeks following COVID-19,” said Osvaldo Fonseca Rodriguez from Umea University in Sweden, and co-first author of the study.

Also Read: Coronavirus Explained: How COVID-19 Is Affecting Heart Even After The Recovery

The risk was same even after the researchers adjusted for known risk factors for acute myocardial infarction and stroke such as comorbidities, age, gender and socio-economic factors.

The results indicate that acute cardiovascular complications represent an important clinical manifestation of COVID-19, said Ioannis Katsoularis from Umea University, a co-author of the study.

“Our results also show how important it is to vaccinate against COVID-19, in particular the elderly who are at increased risk of acute cardiovascular events,” Ioannis Katsoularis said.

The researchers used two statistical methods in the study: the matched cohort study and the self-controlled case series. The self-controlled case series study is a method that was originally invented to determine the risk of complications following vaccines, they said.

Also Read: Explained: What Is A Breakthrough Infection And How To Prevent Catching COVID-19 After Getting Fully Vaccinated

Both the methods suggest that COVID-19 is a risk factor for acute myocardial infarction and ischaemic stroke, the authors of the study said.

“This indicates that acute myocardial infarction and ischaemic stroke represent a part of the clinical picture of COVID-19, and highlights the need for vaccination against COVID-19,” they said.

Also Read: No Extra Blood Clot Risk After Second Dose Of AstraZeneca Covid Vaccine: Study

In the study, information from national registries from the Public Health Agency of Sweden, Statistics Sweden and the National Board of Health and Welfare were cross-linked for all reported COVID-19 patients. A control group consisting of four individuals matched to every COVID-19 case on age, gender and county of residence, that had not tested positive for COVID-19. By using historical registry data from the National Board of Health and Welfare’s inpatient registry, individuals with a previous myocardial infarction and stroke were identified and excluded from the study.

It would have been difficult to calculate the risk that COVID-19 contributes to acute myocardial infarction and stroke, if individuals with a prior event were included, said Krister Lindmark, a co-author of the study.

“This is because the risk of a recurrent acute myocardial infarction and stroke is increased following a first acute myocardial infarction or stroke,” Krister Lindmark added.

Also Read: Third Wave Inevitable, COVID-19 Cases To Surge In Mid-August: Experts

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

23,00,65,708Cases
19,25,31,777Active
3,28,15,731Recovered
47,18,200Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 23,00,65,708 and 47,18,200 have died; 19,25,31,777 are active cases and 3,28,15,731 have recovered as on September 23, 2021 at 3:36 am.

India

3,35,63,421 31,923Cases
3,01,640349Active
3,28,15,731 31,990Recovered
4,46,050 282Deaths
In India, there are 3,35,63,421 confirmed cases including 4,46,050 deaths. The number of active cases is 3,01,640 and 3,28,15,731 have recovered as on September 23, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,31,237 3,608

43,544 725

63,49,029 4,285

1,38,664 48

Kerala

45,59,601 19,675

1,61,596 169

43,73,966 19,702

24,039 142

Karnataka

29,70,208 847

13,650 119

29,18,890 946

37,668 20

Tamil Nadu

26,50,370 1,682

17,027 34

25,97,943 1,627

35,400 21

Andhra Pradesh

20,42,073 1,365

13,796 109

20,14,180 1,466

14,097 8

Uttar Pradesh

17,09,708 15

196 2

16,86,624 12

22,888 1

West Bengal

15,63,393 683

7,724 17

15,36,978 687

18,691 13

Delhi

14,38,586 30

411 11

14,13,090 19

25,085

Odisha

10,21,950 734

5,129 285

10,08,671 445

8,150 4

Chhattisgarh

10,05,146 26

300 3

9,91,283 23

13,563

Rajasthan

9,54,282 7

98 1

9,45,230 8

8,954

Gujarat

8,25,771 20

133 0

8,15,556 20

10,082

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,422 12

90 0

7,81,815 12

10,517

Haryana

7,70,770 16

332 4

7,60,629 11

9,809 1

Bihar

7,25,918 11

60 0

7,16,199 11

9,659

Telangana

6,64,164 258

4,946 8

6,55,310 249

3,908 1

Punjab

6,01,401 42

324 20

5,84,576 22

16,501

Assam

5,99,271 407

4,880 201

5,88,574 604

5,817 4

Jharkhand

3,48,146 7

63 2

3,42,950 9

5,133

Uttarakhand

3,43,428 23

256 7

3,35,781 16

7,391

Jammu And Kashmir

3,28,418 204

1,536 86

3,22,463 118

4,419

Himachal Pradesh

2,17,615 212

1,823 108

2,12,133 100

3,659 4

Goa

1,75,792 102

950 64

1,71,545 38

3,297

Puducherry

1,25,735 117

945 23

1,22,956 92

1,834 2

Manipur

1,19,041 171

2,214 40

1,14,991 130

1,836 1

Mizoram

84,109 1,294

15,638 275

68,199 1,015

272 4

Tripura

83,981 25

346 7

82,825 31

810 1

Meghalaya

79,983 166

1,868 10

76,730 172

1,385 4

Chandigarh

65,201 6

44 0

64,338 5

819 1

Arunachal Pradesh

54,241 51

442 29

53,526 22

273

Sikkim

31,074 60

642 15

30,051 44

381 1

Nagaland

30,990 31

459 11

29,873 41

658 1

Ladakh

20,750 7

148 4

20,395 3

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,670

0 0

10,666

4

Lakshadweep

10,361 1

10 1

10,300

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,615 8

20 3

7,466 5

129

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