New Delhi: India has achieved a significant landmark in the reduction of Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), Under 5 Mortality Rate (U5MR)and Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR), the government said on Friday. As per the Sample Registration System (SRS) Statistical Report, 2020 released by the Registrar General of India (RGI) on Wednesday, the country has been witnessing a progressive reduction in IMR, U5MR and NMR since 2014 towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) targets by 2030.
Union Health and Family Welfare Minister Dr Mansukh Mandaviya thanked all health workers, caregivers and community members for relentlessly working towards reducing child mortality.
There has been a sustained decline since 2014, as revealed by SRS 2020. India is poised to meet 2030 SDG targets of child mortality under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi with focused interventions, strong Centre-State partnership and dedication of all health workers, Mandaviya said.
Also Read: Assam To Use Portable Device ‘SAANS’ To Stop Neonatal Deaths
According to an official release, Under 5 Mortality Rate (U5MR) for the country has shown a significant decline of 3 points (Annual Decline Rate: 8.6 per cent) from 2019 (32 per 1000 live births in 2020 against 35 per 1000 live births in 2019). It varies from 36 in rural areas to 21 in urban areas.
U5MR for females is higher (33) than for males (31). There has been a decline of 4 points in male U5MR and 3 points in female U5MR during the corresponding period. The highest decline of U5MR is observed in the states of Uttar Pradesh (5 points) and Karnataka (5 points).
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) has also registered a two-point decline to 28 per 1000 live births in 2020 from 30 per 1000 live births in 2019 (Annual Decline Rate: 6.7 per cent). The rural-urban difference has narrowed to 12 points (urban 19, rural-31). No gender differential has been observed in 2020 (Male -28, Female – 28).
The neonatal mortality rate has also declined by two points from 22 per 1000 live births in 2019 to 20 per 1000 live births in 2020 (annual decline rate: 9.1 per cent). It ranges from 12 in urban areas to 23 in rural areas.
Also Read: Women Empowering Women: Here’s How Jeevika Initiative Changed The Life Of Bihar’s Pawan Rekha Devi And Her Family
(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)
NDTV – Dettol have been working towards a clean and healthy India since 2014 via the Banega Swachh India initiative, which is helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. The campaign aims to highlight the inter-dependency of humans and the environment, and of humans on one another with the focus on One Health, One Planet, One Future – Leaving No One Behind. It stresses on the need to take care of, and consider, everyone’s health in India – especially vulnerable communities – the LGBTQ population, indigenous people, India’s different tribes, ethnic and linguistic minorities, people with disabilities, migrants, geographically remote populations, gender and sexual minorities. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign will continue to raise awareness on the same along with focussing on the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children, fight malnutrition, mental wellbeing, self care, science and health, adolescent health & gender awareness. Along with the health of people, the campaign has realised the need to also take care of the health of the eco-system. Our environment is fragile due to human activity, which is not only over-exploiting available resources, but also generating immense pollution as a result of using and extracting those resources. The imbalance has also led to immense biodiversity loss that has caused one of the biggest threats to human survival – climate change. It has now been described as a “code red for humanity.” The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollution, waste management, plastic ban, manual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene. Banega Swasth India will also be taking forward the dream of Swasth Bharat, the campaign feels that only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and the country can become a Swasth or healthy India.