New Delhi: The 14th edition of National Health Profile-2019 (NHP-2019), a comprehensive report highlighting India’s current health status, trends in demography, disease profile (communicable and non-communicable/ lifestyle diseases). Compiled by the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI), the report was unveiled by Union Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan at Nirman Bhawan, New Delhi on October 30.
NHP is a nationally and internationally acclaimed publication of Central Bureau of Health Intelligence. Glad to have unveiled the ‘National Health Profile 2019’. The report would help future policymakers to address the new challenges in our health system such as epidemiological and demographic transitions and health-impacting environmental changes. Moreover, the profile will be a major source of information on various communicable and non-communicable diseases that are not covered under any other major programs, said Dr Harsh Vardhan at the event while unveiling the report.
National Health Profile 2019 जारी करते हुए मैंने कहा कि आज Data का महत्व काफी बढ़ गया है और इस तथ्य को आसानी से झुठलाया नहीं जा सकता है। इस क्षेत्र में भारत ने पिछले कुछ वर्षों में उल्लेखनीय कार्य किए हैं।@PMOIndia @MoHFW_INDIA @NITIAayog @WHO #SwasthaBharat pic.twitter.com/MrS7G988Rf
— Dr Harsh Vardhan (@drharshvardhan) October 30, 2019
He also added that India has done remarkable work in the health field in the last few years.
Highlights Of National Health Profile 2019
- Maternal, Neonatal, Nutritional Diseases And Other Communicable Diseases Show A Downward Trend | As per the NHP 2019 the disease burden due to communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional diseases, as measured using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) (The disability-adjusted life year is a measure of overall disease burden, expressed as the number of years lost due to ill-health, disability or early death), dropped from 61 per cent to 33 per cent between 1990 and 2016. But there is an accelerated rise in the prevalence of chronic non-communicable (NCD) diseases. As per the report, the disease burden due to non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cancers, mental health disorders and injuries increased from 30 per cent to 55 per cent between 1990 and 2016.
- Infant And Maternal Mortality Rate Declined Considerably | The report highlights that the Infant Mortality Rate in India which was at 74 (per 1000 live births) in 1994 has declined considerably to 33 (Per 1000 live births) in 2017.
Whereas, India made ‘ground-breaking progress’ in reducing the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) by 77% from 556 per 1 Lakh live births in 1990 to 130 per 1 Lakh live births in 2016 as per the NHP 2019 report.
- Anaemia Continues To Remain A Huge Health Concern | According to the report, over half the children between 6 and 59 months (58.4 pr cent) and women in the age group 15-49 are anaemic.
- Life Expectancy Rises To 68.7 Years From 49.7 Years | According to the report, life expectancy in India increased from 49.7 years in 1970-75 to 68.7 years in 2012-16. For the same period, the life expectancy for females is 70.2 years and 67.4 years for males.
- Only One Government Doctor For 10,926 People | The NHP 2019 report also states that there is only one allopathic government doctor for every 10,926 people in India against the WHO’s recommended doctor-population ratio of 1:1000. Moreover, the report also highlighted that India’s public spending on healthcare continues to remain the lowest globally. As per the report, India’s public expenditure on health now stands at 1.28 per cent of the GDP, which is way lower than the average expenditure by countries clubbed as among the “poorest”. Even the country’s public health expenditure is lower than other South-East Asian countries like Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Indonesia, Thailand.
In a statement, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) said while there has been a substantial decline in the active and new COVID-19 cases, there is need to maintain surveillance, containment and caution so as to fully overcome the pandemic