Precautions To Take Till Airborne Transmission Of COVID-19 Is Further Researched And WHO Assesses The ‘Emerging Evidence’

Precautions To Take Till Airborne Transmission Of COVID-19 Is Further Researched And WHO Assesses The ‘Emerging Evidence’

Experts react to the open letter to the World Health Organisation written by 239 scientists from 32 countries who have said that there is a potential for airborne spread of COVID-19 and called for revised guidelines
Coronavirus Outbreak, News
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Precautions To Take Till Airborne Transmission Of COVID-19 Is Further Researched And WHO Assesses The ‘Emerging Evidence’World Health Organsiation has acknowledged there is ‘emerging evidence’ of airborne transmission of COVID-19
Highlights
  • Medical experts say there is an evidence COVID-19 is airborne
  • Both larger, smaller aerosols can have virus particles in them: CSIR
  • More Research on how far virus can travel in air in infectious form needed

New Delhi: On Monday (July 6), Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America published an open access article titled ‘It is time to address airborne transmission of COVID-19’. Along with the authors, 239 scientists from 32 countries have supported the argument that there is a potential for airborne spread of COVID-19. The claim essentially means that the virus can travel in the air so even if one doesn’t come in direct contact with a COVID-19 infected person, he/she can catch the virus. This also means that an individual might not be safe in his/her house.

Studies by the signatories and other scientists have demonstrated beyond any reasonable doubt that viruses are released during exhalation, talking, and coughing in microdroplets small enough to remain aloft in air and pose a risk of exposure at distances beyond 1 to 2 m from an infected individual, states the article.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is A Coronavirus And COVID-19?

However, the World Health Organsiation (WHO) has always said that the COVID-19 disease spreads primarily from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth, which are expelled when a person with COVID-19 coughs, sneezes, or speaks. These droplets are relatively heavy, do not travel far and quickly sink to the ground. People can catch COVID-19 if they breathe in these droplets from a person infected with the virus. This is why it is important to stay at least 1 meter) away from others.

These droplets can land on objects and surfaces around the person such as tables, doorknobs and handrails. People can become infected by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. This is why it is important to wash your hands regularly with soap and water or clean with alcohol-based hand rub, WHO had said explaining how COVID-19 spread.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is The Difference Between Pandemic And Epidemic?

239 scientists believe that handwashing and social distancing are appropriate for droplet precautions but insufficient to provide protection from virus-carrying respiratory micro-droplets released into the air by infected people. The scientists have written an open letter to WHO and are advocating for the use of preventive measures to mitigate this route of airborne transmission. The team has even suggested three vital measures:

1. Provide sufficient and effective ventilation (supply clean outdoor air, minimise recirculating air) particularly in public buildings, workplace environments, schools, hospitals, and aged care homes

2. Supplement general ventilation with airborne infection controls such as local exhaust, high-efficiency air filtration, and germicidal ultraviolet lights

3. Avoid overcrowding, particularly in public transport and public buildings

In a virtual media briefing on July 7, WHO addressed the debate around the airborne transmission of COVID-19 and acknowledged there is ‘emerging evidence’ in this field.

We believe that we have to be open to this evidence and understand its implications regarding the modes of transmission and also regarding the precautions that need to be taken, said Professor Benedetta Allegranzi, WHO’s technical lead.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Are The Different Stages Of COVID-19 Transmission

Dr Maria Van Kerkhove, Technical Lead COVID-19, WHO Health Emergencies Programme informed that the organisation has been in touch with the scientists since April and is producing a scientific brief consolidating growing knowledge around transmission.

We are also looking at the possible role of airborne transmission in other setting where you have poor ventilation. We will share our brief in the coming days, said Dr Maria Van Kerkhove.

What Is Airborne Transmission?

Airborne transmission simply means a virus can be carried through the air and possibly infect people breathing contaminated air. There are some viruses which do travel in air like measles. In the case of coronavirus, the debate is still on as there is no clarity on how far the virus can travel in the air, and for how long it remains active.

Also Read: Understanding What Is Flattening The Curve And Its Importance

A virus can be airborne in three ways – through aerosols, smaller droplets and when the virus is light enough to travel in the air. Explaining what are aerosols, Dr Rajesh Parikh, Director, Medical Research at Jaslok Hospital, said,

When you spray deodorant or perfume and fine particles come out, that’s an aerosol. It can come out in different circumstances like in hospitals, when we put a tube inside a patient’s mouth to help in breathing. Aerosols are airborne but not everything that is borne by air is aerosol.

According to scientists, the current guidance from numerous international and national bodies focuses on handwashing, maintaining social distancing, and droplet precautions and do not recognise airborne transmission except for aerosol-generating procedures performed in healthcare settings.

Is Novel Coronavirus Airborne? Experts Answer

To understand scientists’ claims and what this is going to mean for the global battle against the Coronavirus pandemic, NDTV spoke to medical experts.

Also Read: ‘Too Much Of Anything Is Bad,’ With This Thought In Mind These Doctors In Kerala Are Debunking Myths About Health

Explaining different kinds of aerosols and how they can infect others, Dr Shekhar C Mande, Director General of Central Science Industrial Research said,

All of us agree that the principal route of infection is through respiration – when we breathe in air and breathe out. When an infected person coughs, he emits aerosols and those aerosols are typically big in size something like 10 microns or larger. However, there is increasing evidence that is being presented that aerosols are also generated while normal speaking and are smaller in size, less than 5 microns. The Stokes’ law suggests that larger aerosols will settle down on surfaces quickly while smaller will remain suspended in the air for a longer time. Both the larger and smaller aerosols can have virus particles in them and therefore can infect.

Dr Shekhar C Mande believes that the world is still learning about the virus and the current understanding is tilting towards that the SARS-Cov-2 also spreads through smaller aerosols.

Dr M. Vali, Senior Physician at Ganga Ram Hospital noted that the Coronavirus situation is getting serious day by day. The number of Coronavirus cases in India is on the rise and the country is now the third worst-hit nation by COVID-19 after US and Brazil. He said,

These are all indications that coronavirus can be infecting more people through an unknown route. Open transmission by air and the presence of coronavirus in the air which the scientists have claimed to be will be more disastrous.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is A Cytokine Storm And How Is It Fuelling COVID-19? Experts Answer

What’s interesting is, in March, a book titled ‘The Coronavirus – What You Need To Know About The Global Pandemic’ talked about the airborne transmission of coronavirus. In the book, while explaining the difference droplet transmission and airborne infections, writers had stated,

Some nuance can be lost in the oversimplified false dichotomy of airborne versus droplet transmission; they are not mutually exclusive.

Dr Rajesh Parikh, Director, Medical Research at Jaslok Hospital and author of the said book clearly stated that the distinction between droplet borne and airborne is very hazy and ambiguous and added,

In our book, we have quoted somewhat complex equation called the Wells evaporation curve. In a nutshell, it says, as the droplet containing the virus falls to the ground, depending on the humidity, ambient temperature and the wind velocity it evaporates; becomes lighter even before it hits the ground, when it’s light enough, it can be airborne. I think it’s about time WHO comes to terms with it and accept it because otherwise, it lulls people into a false sense of security which is always dangerous.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is A Pulse Oximeter And Why Is It Becoming A Tool Against COVID-19?

Dr Harsh Mahajan, Founder Of Mahajan Imaging and Chairman of CARINGdx agreed with Dr Rajesh Parikh and said what scientists have been claiming is not new. Giving an example of the same, he said,

Definitely the virus is airborne and we have known this for a long time. Let’s say in a restaurant, there are two people A and B. A has COVID-19 and is sitting closer to AC or fan and B is sitting next to A which means air from AC or fan will first hit A and then reach to B. In this case, virus particles can be carried in the air of fan and reach B. I know at least one such case, it was reported somewhere in the west.

Dr S. Venkataraman, Senior consultant, MGM Healthcare shared that they have had patients who walk in and say, ‘I was by and large inside the house and how did I pick it up and how are my parents who have never stepped out of the house becoming positive?’

Virus being airborne plays a crucial role in closed spaces and areas that lack ventilation like offices because aerosols remain suspended in the air for a few hours. Hence, Dr Harsh Mahajan suggests finding answers to three questions – whether virus suspended in the air is in infectious form; how long it remains suspended in the air; how far it travels while still remaining infectious.

Also Read: 6 Months On, What Do We Know About The Coronavirus Pandemic

Dr Giridhara R Babu, Professor and Head, Lifecourse Epidemiology, Indian Institute of Public Health, PHFI, Bengaluru also called for evidence on transmission in terms of distance. He said, if it were to be completely airborne, by now most people would have got infected in India because the transport like bus has opened up. Therefore, he suggested research on how far the virus can travel and the size of the particulate matter.

We have always known about virus being airborne. It’s being transmitted through air conditioning trunk. This is why people are being kept in isolation with no air conditioning. It’s just WHO has not come out with those recommendations but we have always known them and following them, said Dr Vivek Nangia, Principal Director and Head of Department for Institute of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine at Max Hospital in Saket.

How To Protect Oneself From COVID-19 If Its Airborne?

Dr Shekhar C Mande says that aerosol form is when minute respiratory droplets can float in the air for a while but this does not travel with the wind and quickly settles. Therefore, he recommends wearing masks, an effective way of protecting oneself from contracting the virus.

If an infected person wears a mask then the probability of transmitting the virus gets low. Similarly, if a non-infected person wears a mask, the probability of catching coronavirus reduces. People don’t need to be scared, said Dr Shekhar C Mande.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is Convalescent Plasma Therapy And How Effective Is It In Treating COVID-19 Patients?

Dr M. Vali also emphasised on the regular use of mask and he even suggested using a face cover while indoors. He said,

If the claim is true, it means people should not come out and they should wear the mask very strictly. I’m wearing at home and instructing the same to my children.

Further talking about what could be the revised guidelines, as asked by the scientists, Dr Rajesh Parikh said,

Do not ease out on your safety measures particularly when you are in closed spaces such as elevators. Two months ago, when everyone was talking about the infections in Dharavi in Mumbai and how bad the situation was, I remarked that those of us who live in high rises shouldn’t feel so smug because, at the end of the day, high rises are like vertical Dharavis when it comes to the number of people using a common space. One should not especially feel safer because apartments are large and we have more space around us or we live in affluent neighbourhoods. We have to be careful because if it’s airborne as it seems to be then one could contract the virus within the house so generally, one should wear a mask, as often as possible. And maintain a social distance of course.

Also Read: 6 Months On, A Recap Of How the Coronavirus Pandemic Unfolded

Dr Giridhara R Babu clarified that no special and additional guidelines will be required. Instead, the existing guidelines especially to contain the transmission in indoor spaces will have to be updated rather than outdoor guidelines. He said,

Areas, where enforcement is required, might expand. Mask will definitely be made mandatory even within the houses. People who are using equipment in dental practices where it can spread through the airborne route will have to be changed.

Commenting on the new data and studies being put out in the area of transmission and how WHO takes it, in a virtual media briefing, Dr Soumya Swaminathan, WHO Chief Scientist informed that the science is constantly changing and the team reviews about 500 new publications a day. She added,

We do what’s called a living systematic review. We are of course focused on public health guidance and so any guidance that we put out has implications of course for billions of people around the world, so it has to be carefully considered.

Also Read: Six Months Of Fighting Coronavirus: Pandemic Is Speeding Up, Not Even Close To Being Over, Says WHO Chief

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene.

World

13,53,52,898Cases
5,55,33,988Active
7,68,91,122Recovered
29,27,788Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 192 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 13,53,52,898 and 29,27,788 have died; 5,55,33,988 are active cases and 7,68,91,122 have recovered as on April 11, 2021 at 4:16 am.

India

1,33,58,805 152879Cases
11,08,087 61456Active
1,20,81,443 90584Recovered
1,69,275 839Deaths
In India, there are 1,33,58,805 confirmed cases including 1,69,275 deaths. The number of active cases is 11,08,087 and 1,20,81,443 have recovered as on April 11, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Mumbai45,478
Thane13,660
Pune9,920
Mumbai Suburban5,363
Aurangabad1,974
Nashik1,575
Raigad1,462
Palghar1,421
Solapur1,291
Jalgaon1,039
Akola757
Nagpur692
Kolhapur646
Satara629
Ratnagiri350
Amravati291
Dhule228
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Ahmednagar190
Nanded176
Yavatmal150
Sangli145
Latur139
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Buldhana88
Parbhani78
gondia69
Beed54
Nandurbar42
Gadchiroli42
Bhandara41
Chandrapur32
Washim13
Wardha11

33,43,951 55,411

5,38,160 2,097

27,48,153 53,005

57,638 309

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kasaragod333
Palakkad224
Malappuram119
Kollam118
Thrissur106
Thiruvananthapuram104
Pathanamthitta98
Kozhikode90
Alappuzha76
Kottayam73
Ernakulam60
Idukki40
Wayanad36

11,60,204 6,194

40,095 3,593

11,15,342 2,584

4,767 17

DistrictCases
Udupi1,176
Kalaburagi669
Yadgir538
Bengaluru Urban529
Raichur369
Mandya346
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Hassan205
Davangere204
Vijayapura201
Dakshina Kannada179
Chikkaballapura149
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Uttara Kannada95
Shivamogga67
Dharwad61
Ballari60
Gadag45
Bengaluru Rural40
Tumakuru36
Kolar29
Haveri24
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Koppal5
Kodagu4
Ramanagara3
Chamarajanagara0

10,55,040 6,955

61,672 3,569

9,80,519 3,350

12,849 36

DistrictCases
Chennai23,324
Chengalpattu1,314
Thiruvallur774
Villupuram509
Kanchipuram503
Tiruvannamalai496
Cuddalore477
Ariyalur444
Tirunelveli433
Tuticorin333
Kallakurichi324
Madurai322
Salem258
Coimbatore188
Virudhunagar185
Dindigul175
Perambalur133
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Ramanathapuram119
Tiruppur116
Kanniyakumari110
Tenkasi103
Nagapattinam99
Karur88
Namakkal83
Erode75
Vellore71
Thiruvarur67
Pudukkottai53
Sivaganga46
Tirupathur45
Krishnagiri43
The Nilgiris17
Dharmapuri15

9,26,816 5,989

37,673 4,014

8,76,257 1,952

12,886 23

DistrictCases
Kurnool795
Krishna557
Guntur511
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Chittoor319
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Y.S.R.205
West Godavari199
Srikakulam183
Prakasam104
Visakhapatnam103
Vizianagaram23

9,21,906 3,309

18,666 2,244

8,95,949 1,053

7,291 12

DistrictCases
North West5,463
Central4,817
West4,768
New Delhi3,405
North3,059
East2,472
South East2,446
South West2,391
South2,329
North East1,914
Shahdara1,580

7,14,423 7,897

28,773 2,142

6,74,415 5,716

11,235 39

DistrictCases
Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119
Agra933
Ghaziabad794
Meerut504
Lucknow386
Saharanpur298
Kanpur Nagar286
Moradabad252
Varanasi243
Hapur225
Aligarh215
Basti214
Amethi206
Rampur203
Jaunpur194
Firozabad190
Barabanki168
Gorakhpur166
Bulandshahr166
Siddharth Nagar159
Ghazipur159
Bijnor157
Deoria143
Azamgarh138
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Mathura129
Ayodhya120
Muzaffarnagar117
Sambhal116
Sultanpur97
Ambedkar Nagar92
Maharajganj85
Amroha80
Rae Bareli78
Bahraich73
Kheri72
Kannauj69
Baghpat68
Kushi Nagar67
Bhadohi60
Ballia60
Gonda59
Etah52
Hardoi49
Balrampur49
Mau48
Mainpuri46
Etawah46
Hathras43
Unnao42
Jalaun41
Jhansi41
Shamli40
Chandauli38
Auraiya37
Farrukhabad36
Sitapur32
Prayagraj30
Banda27
Shahjahanpur25
Shravasti23
Budaun23
Mirzapur22
Bareilly17
Kasganj16
Pratapgarh15
Pilibhit15
Sonbhadra10
Kaushambi6
Kanpur Dehat4
Chitrakoot4
Lalitpur3
Hamirpur3
Mahoba3
Fatehpur3

6,76,739 12,748

58,801 10,495

6,08,853 2,207

9,085 46

DistrictCases
Kolkata2,777
Howrah1,435
24 Paraganas North1,031
Hooghly604
24 Paraganas South281
Maldah235
Dinajpur Uttar216
Coochbehar210
Birbhum206
Medinipur West159
Medinipur East153
Nadia139
Purba Bardhaman130
Murshidabad125
Bankura116
Darjeeling97
Jalpaiguri88
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purulia66
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Alipurduar39
Kalimpong18
Jhargram9

6,10,498 4,043

21,366 2,763

5,78,742 1,268

10,390 12

DistrictCases
Bilaspur100
Korba100
Mungeli87
Baloda Bazar85
Jashpur77
Janjgir-Champa56
Mahasamund54
Rajnandgaon52
Kabirdham52
Raigarh47
Raipur46
Balod41
Korea39
Durg31
Bemetara21
Kanker19
Balrampur17
Surguja14
Gariyaband10
Surajpur9
Dhamtari6
Bijapur2
Bastar2
Dantewada0
Kondagaon0
Narayanpur0
Sukma0

4,32,776 14,098

85,860 8,992

3,42,139 4,983

4,777 123

DistrictCases
Jaipur2,177
Jodhpur1,748
Udaipur724
Bharatpur563
Kota503
Nagaur500
Ajmer379
Dungarpur374
Pali352
Jhalawar329
Bhilwara250
Sikar231
Chittorgarh188
Tonk171
Jalore164
Rajsamand140
Sirohi130
Bikaner112
Banswara91
Alwar90
Churu81
Jhunjhunu64
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Baran59
Jaisalmer53
Barmer34
Hanumangarh31
SawaiMadhopur26
Karauli17
Pratapgarh14
Ganganagar8
Bundi5

3,58,688 4,401

27,906 3,821

3,27,866 562

2,916 18

DistrictCases
Ganjam581
Jajapur322
Khordha238
Baleshwar190
Kendrapara164
Cuttack155
Bhadrak137
Balangir129
Puri103
Sundargarh102
Jagatsinghapur91
Nayagarh86
Mayurbhanj73
Nuapada69
Gajapati61
Dhenkanal36
Boudh34
Kendujhar34
Deogarh33
Kalahandi33
Sonepur29
Kandhamal28
Anugul26
Malkangiri20
Bargarh16
Koraput16
Sambalpur16
Jharsuguda8
Nabarangpur2
Rayagada2

3,48,182 1,374

6,653 969

3,39,603 403

1,926 2

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17,125
Surat2,311
Vadodara1,555
Gandhinagar410
Mahesana159
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Rajkot135
Arvalli134
Mahisagar125
Anand107
PanchMahals107
Patan105
SabarKantha101
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Jamnagar63
Bharuch56
Botad55
Surendranagar55
Valsad47
GirSomnath45
Dohad43
Chhotaudepur37
Naysari35
Junagadh31
Narmada25
DevbhumiDwarka22
Amreli16
Porbandar11
Tapi6
Dang5
Morbi4

3,42,026 5,011

25,129 2,437

3,12,151 2,525

4,746 49

DistrictCases
Indore3,839
Bhopal1,880
Ujjain799
Burhanpur351
Neemuch319
Jabalpur276
East Nimar266
Sagar228
Gwalior211
Khargone196
Dewas140
Dhar132
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Bhind87
Raisen71
Barwani60
Ratlam51
Rewa39
Shajapur39
Hoshangabad37
Vidisha37
Chhatarpur35
Betul35
Rajgarh31
Dindori29
Sheopur26
Damoh26
Satna24
Anuppur22
Panna20
Tikamgarh18
Sidhi17
Narsinghpur17
Chhindwara16
Agar Malwa15
Mandla15
Shivpuri15
Jhabua14
Shandol14
Singrauli13
Ashoknagar13
Datia12
Sehore12
Umaria10
Balaghat9
Guna8
Harda4
Alirajpur3
Katni3
Seoni2
Niwari0

3,32,206 4,986

32,707 2,221

2,95,339 2,741

4,160 24

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2,475
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Jagitial77
Nizamabad76
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Mancherial43
YadadriBhuvanagiri40
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Vikarabad40
Nalgonda33
Warangal Urban32
Mahabubnagar30
Sangareddy26
Khammam26
Adilabad22
Nirmal21
Karimnagar17
RajannaSircilla16
Medak11
Kamareddy11
Mahabubabad10
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Nagarkurnool8
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Jangoan8
Siddipet7
Peddapalli5
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Warangal Rural4
Mulugu3
Narayanpet3
Wanaparthy1

3,27,278 3,187

20,184 2,393

3,05,335 787

1,759 7

DistrictCases
Gurugram2,950
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Rohtak145
Palwal120
Jhajjar114
Karnal104
Hisar98
Ambala93
Panipat78
Nuh68
Bhiwani60
Rewari56
Kurukshetra55
Sirsa50
Kaithal48
Mahendragarh47
CharkiDadri43
Panchkula39
Fatehabad38
Jind38
Yamunanagar19

3,13,441 2,937

19,453 1,311

2,90,736 1,615

3,252 11

DistrictCases
Patna279
Bhagalpur266
Rohtas256
Khagaria253
Begusarai243
Madhubani199
Munger188
Jehanabad178
Katihar175
Darbhanga143
Samastipur139
Siwan139
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Banka134
Buxar134
Nalanda123
Gopalganj123
Nawada122
Sheikhpura118
Gaya115
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Bhojpur103
Saran101
Muzaffarpur96
Saharsa88
Supaul87
Vaishali87
Madhepura82
Kishanganj75
Aurangabad75
Sitamarhi73
Lakhisarai72
Araria68
Pashchim Champaran57
Arwal52
Jamui47
Sheohar20

2,79,473 3,469

11,999 2,641

2,65,870 822

1,604 6

DistrictCases
Amritsar485
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Tarn Taran163
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
S.A.S Nagar137
Patiala132
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Pathankot86
Rupnagar (Ropar)74
Faridkot74
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Moga65
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Firozepur50
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Barnala25

2,69,733 3,239

28,015 796

2,34,270 2,385

7,448 58

DistrictCases
Kamrup Metro276
Golaghat203
Nagaon143
Hojai89
Dima Hasao86
Karimganj85
Tinsukia84
Cachar80
Dibrugarh61
Hailakandi57
Lakhimpur57
Marigaon50
Dhemaji47
Kamrup42
Kokrajhar37
Dhubri30
Charaideo29
Barpeta28
Udalguri28
Sonitpur27
Jorhat24
Nalbari23
Darrang20
Sivasagar20
Goalpara19
Biswanath16
Baksa14
KarbiAnglong13
Bongaigaon12
Chirang6
West KarbiAnglong5
South SalmaraMancachar4
Majuli2

2,19,958 405

2,934 324

2,15,907 79

1,117 2

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Srinagar300
Kulgam295
Baramulla271
Shopian255
Kupwara231
Bandipora175
Udhampur155
Ramban151
Jammu138
Budgam110
Pulwama108
Kathua53
Rajouri39
Ganderbal37
Poonch35
Doda27
Reasi26
Samba25
Kishtwar10
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0

1,37,475 1,005

6,755 640

1,28,691 359

2,029 6

DistrictCases
East Singhbum170
Ranchi148
Hazaribagh110
Garhwa80
Ramgarh75
Koderma58
Simdega48
Dhanbad32
Gumla28
Palamu27
West Singhbhum21
SaraikelaKharsawan20
Giridih19
Bokaro16
Latehar14
Khunti10
Lohardaga8
Deoghar5
Dumka5
Pakur4
Jamtara2
Godda2
Chatra1
Sahebganj0

1,37,088 2,373

12,293 1,689

1,23,603 667

1,192 17

DistrictCases
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Tehri Garhwal110
Haridwar94
Udam Singh Nagar83
Almora71
Champawat45
Pithoragarh43
Chamoli36
PauriGarhwal36
Bageshwar31
Rudraprayag30
Uttar Kashi24

1,07,479 1,233

6,241 857

99,486 373

1,752 3

DistrictCases
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Una41
Solan32
Chamba29
Bilaspur21
Mandi21
Sirmaur11
Shimla10
Kullu4
Kinnaur2
Lahaul And Spiti0

69,114 941

5,223 564

62,776 365

1,115 12

DistrictCases
South Goa69
North Goa57

61,779 540

3,969 372

56,964 167

846 1

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Mahe4
Karaikal2
Yanam0

43,737 272

2,218 134

40,830 136

689 2

DistrictCases
Dhalai196
Sepahijala174
Gomati74
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45
Khowai24
North Tripura14

33,733 48

236 48

33,104

393

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

30,341 398

3,265 52

26,680 343

396 3

DistrictCases
Churachandpur32
Kangpokpi26
Imphal West21
Thoubal18
Imphal East10
Tengnoupal9
Bishnupur7
Senapati6
Chandel5
Kamjong5
Ukhrul4
Jiribam3
Pherzawl3
Kakching2
Tamenglong2
Noney1

29,486 11

101 10

29,010 1

375

DistrictCases
Changlang31
Papum Pare8
Lohit3
Namsai2
West Siang1
East Siang1
Upper Siang1
Tawang1
PakkeKessang1
West Kameng0
Upper Subansiri0
Tirap0
Siang0
Shi Yomi0
Anjaw0
Lower Subansiri0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Longding0
Leparada0
KurungKumey0
KraDaadi0
Kamle0
East Kameng0
Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0

16,878 3

32 2

16,790 1

56

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
West Garo Hills5
South West Garo Hills4
North Garo Hills1
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Khasi Hills0

14,246 39

202 35

13,893 4

151

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Mon8
Kohima7
Kiphire3
Tuensang3
Peren2
Phek1
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

12,400 12

156 10

12,152 2

92

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

10,765 146

611 54

10,023 91

131 1

DistrictCases
East District3
South District3
North District0
West District0

6,351 22

116 15

6,099 7

136

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

5,175 14

75 4

5,038 10

62

DistrictCases
Kolasib11
Aizawl10
Mamit8
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Saitual1
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Saiha0
Serchhip0

4,612 29

143 28

4,458 1

11

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

4,014 130

345 115

3,667 15

2

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

794 10

60 5

733 5

1

Coronavirus Outbreak: Full CoverageTesting CentresFAQs

1 Comment

  1. New theory emerging in early July 2020 that the novel Coronavirus ( Covid-19 ) is airborne.
    The world today is getting more and more infected by novel coronavirus officially given the name of Covid-19. It is spreading since it came to notice in January , 2020. The World Health Organisation whose duty it is to take steps to alert the global community about epidemics or pandemics and suggest all that is necessary to contain such deadly diseases. In this regard , the WHO has been until recently of the view that – “ the Covid-19 spreads primarily from person to person through small droplets from the nose and mouth which are expelled when a person with Covid-19 coughs , sneezes or speaks”. But something new related to this scientific phenomenon about Covid-19 has been expressed in early July 2020 by 239 scientists of 32 countries to show that the novel coronavirus spreads through air. In other words , they have opined that Covid-19 is airborne. The novel coronavirus in small particles in the air can infect people. The WHO has been urged by the scientists to revise its recommendations in that regard. A detailed report with evidence is proposed by the scientists to be made available in days to come. WHO has responded by expressing their viewpoint consequent upon the new claim of scientists accepting the theory in certain conditions but has said it may need more going into. WHO is reported to have opined that yes the novel coronavirus could be airborne indoors when the small particles during coughing , sneezing or speaking may remain in the air while the droplets fall to the ground. The remedy may lie in keeping indoors open to fresh air. In this regard , basic question may have to be addressed with closer clarity for common man as to what difference the new theory makes to the earlier theory of WHO. The earlier theory was that the virus spreads through person to person through small droplets from the nose and mouth which are expelled when a person with Covid-19 coughs , sneezes or speaks. Obviously , the passage or medium is open space between one person and another. And there is limitation to space where small droplets can stay and how long. This was addressed by the WHO so far. It seemed the force or strength of sneezing or cough or speaking would bringing out the smaller particles to the space between the persons , transporting to the being by entering into nose or mouth. But the new theory looks like putting forth that the smaller particles of the coronavirus stay in the air and even if the person or persons emitting smaller particles have gone , the air possessing those smaller particles can enter through nose or mouth or respiratory system in the body to infect. But all these circumstances would need to be clarified as to the limitations of distance and time to the smaller particles to stay in air and travel through air to infect. Let us wait for more details and response of WHO as well. But if the new theory of how Covid-19 is airborne and can spread through air is accepted as a scientific fact , it is obviously a new or addition to worry for global community. However , that may suggest to the accuracy of something relevant opined by this Vedic astrology writer in the alert on 11 November , 2019 through predictive article – “ Astrological probable alerts for 2020” – published at wisdom-magazine.com/Article.aspx/5176/ on 1 January , 2020. The text of the opinion referred here reads like this in the predictive article of 11 November , 2019 :-
    “ 4. …………………………….. More care and appropriate strategy may be taken during April to June , particularly May-June in 2020 , against spill or loss of such stuff as are known for repugnant and repulsive smell though air passage”. The concept of airborne is clear here while other part is implied in the predictive alert , when related to Covid-19.

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