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World AIDS Day 2020: A Day Of Solidarity To Prevent HIV And Support People Living With It

World AIDS Day was first observed on December 1, 1988 to raise awareness about HIV, as well as to commemorate those who have died due to the disease. Here is all you need to know about the significance of the day

World AIDS Day 2020: A Day Of Solidarity To Prevent HIV And Support People Living With It
Highlights
  • World AIDS Day 2020 Theme: Ending HIV/AIDS Epidemic - Resilience and Impact
  • The day is regarded as the longest-running disease awareness initiative
  • 2020 marks the 32nd anniversary of the global HIV campaign

New Delhi: HIV is a virus that lives in human blood, sexual fluids, and breast milk and weakens the immune system of a person and when left untreated, it leads to AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) which is a condition that comes when the immune system stops working completely. HIV spreads mainly through unprotected sexual contact, from mother to child and sharing needles. As per an estimate by the World Health Organisation (WHO), HIV/AIDS has claimed almost 3.3 crore lives so far across the globe. With an aim to raise awareness about HIV and to commemorate those affected by the disease, December 1 has been marked by WHO as an international day dedicated to AIDS or World AIDS Day.

Also Read: World AIDS Day 2020: A Look At How HIV-AIDS Has Been Impacting The World

History Of The World AIDS Day

World AIDS Day was first observed on December 1, 1988. It was first proposed by James W. Bunn and Thomas Netter, two public information officers for the Global Programme on AIDS in 1987. The year 2020 marks the 32nd anniversary of the global HIV campaign. It is regarded as the longest-running disease awareness initiative of its kind in the history of public health. In the first two years, World AIDS Day focused on the theme of children and youth in order to bring to the spotlight the impact of AIDS on families. In 1996, UNAIDS took over the World AIDS Day operations and expanded the scope of the initiative to a year-round prevention and education campaign.

Theme Of World AIDS Day 2020

According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), over 3.8 crore people are living with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) worldwide. The World AIDS Day themes, as per the UNAIDS, have mirrored the policy goals of public health authorities for the year. The theme for 2020 is ‘Ending the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Resilience and Impact’. This theme is especially important this year because of the COVID-19 pandemic. World AIDS Day 2020 theme is a reminder of everything that can be achieved, when we together focus on the impact by delivering high-quality services for treatment and prevention of HIV, to the ones who are in need. It also focuses on tackling stigma and discrimination against people with HIV. UN Secretary-General António Guterres said,

Health is a human right. Health must be a top investment priority to achieve universal health coverage. On this World AIDS Day let us recognize that to overcome COVID-19 and end AIDS, the world must stand in solidarity and share responsibility.

Also Read: Expert Blog: HIV Prevention- Ending The HIV Epidemic Together

Why World AIDS Day Is Still Important?

According to UNAIDS, around 17 lakh people are infected with HIV each year. The World AIDS Day motivates policymakers, health workers and people, in general, to unite and reinforce the urgency of ending the disease around the world. The day is still significant because almost 6.9 lakh people died of AIDS in 2019, as per WHO. Even now only 68 per cent adults and 53 per cent of children living with HIV globally are receiving the required treatment. Not everyone is able to access HIV testing, which according to UNAIDS is crucial for combating the virus. In 2014, UNAIDS announced a 90-90-90 strategy with an aim to end the disease by 2030. The strategy includes identifying 90 per cent of people living with HIV through expanded testing, placing the 90 per cent of positively identified individuals on treatment, and ensuring that 90 per cent of those on therapy are able to achieve undetectable viral loads indicative of treatment success. According to Dr. Veena Aggarwal, Gynaecologist, Consultant Women’s Health, Medtalks.in, an online medical platform which provides continuous medical education to doctors and paramedical staff, suppressing the viral load to undetectable levels makes people with HIV far less likely to pass the virus to others. However, due to the lack of awareness and the stigma around AIDS, people hesitate to get tested.

Also Read: Adolescent Sexual Health: Parents, Teachers Need To Break The Cycle Of Silence Around Sex And Sexuality, Say Experts

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

23,96,06,768Cases
20,13,42,617Active
3,33,82,100Recovered
48,82,051Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 23,96,06,768 and 48,82,051 have died; 20,13,42,617 are active cases and 3,33,82,100 have recovered as on October 15, 2021 at 4:15 am.

India

3,40,37,592 16,862Cases
2,03,6782,908Active
3,33,82,100 19,391Recovered
4,51,814 379Deaths
In India, there are 3,40,37,592 confirmed cases including 4,51,814 deaths. The number of active cases is 2,03,678 and 3,33,82,100 have recovered as on October 15, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,86,280 2,384

33,157 6

64,13,418 2,343

1,39,705 35

Kerala

48,29,944 9,246

96,421 1,802

47,06,856 10,952

26,667 96

Karnataka

29,82,399 310

9,607 43

29,34,870 347

37,922 6

Tamil Nadu

26,83,396 1,259

15,451 199

26,32,092 1,438

35,853 20

Andhra Pradesh

20,59,122 540

6,588 27

20,38,248 557

14,286 10

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,008 12

135 4

16,86,976 16

22,897

West Bengal

15,79,012 530

7,576 81

15,52,491 601

18,945 10

Delhi

14,39,311 28

337 1

14,13,885 29

25,089

Odisha

10,33,809 521

4,890 38

10,20,645 477

8,274 6

Chhattisgarh

10,05,614 16

203 4

9,91,841 20

13,570

Rajasthan

9,54,382 8

42 6

9,45,386 2

8,954

Gujarat

8,26,244 34

215 20

8,15,943 14

10,086

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,669 12

111 1

7,82,035 11

10,523

Haryana

7,71,035 16

105 158

7,60,881

10,049 174

Bihar

7,26,016 8

42 6

7,16,313 2

9,661

Telangana

6,68,618 168

4,171 40

6,60,512 207

3,935 1

Assam

6,05,847 207

3,646 157

5,96,263 362

5,938 2

Punjab

6,01,971 33

234 11

5,85,199 16

16,538 6

Jharkhand

3,48,406 11

130 4

3,43,141 7

5,135

Uttarakhand

3,43,729 28

175 22

3,36,157 6

7,397

Jammu And Kashmir

3,30,834 93

935 11

3,25,473 104

4,426

Himachal Pradesh

2,21,113 182

1,387 5

2,16,011 173

3,715 4

Goa

1,77,356 68

679 27

1,73,342 39

3,335 2

Puducherry

1,27,259 49

647 4

1,24,763 53

1,849

Manipur

1,22,432 69

1,444 15

1,19,099 84

1,889

Mizoram

1,10,719 901

13,601 435

96,744 1,332

374 4

Tripura

84,295 4

110 8

83,369 12

816

Meghalaya

82,734 87

892 31

80,411 115

1,431 3

Chandigarh

65,295 10

32 5

64,443 15

820

Arunachal Pradesh

54,958 4

202 22

54,476 26

280

Sikkim

31,722 6

224 1

31,108 7

390

Nagaland

31,516 9

230 8

30,613 17

673

Ladakh

20,867 6

44 2

20,615 4

208

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,675

3 1

10,668 1

4

Lakshadweep

10,365

2 0

10,312

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,640 3

10 1

7,501 2

129

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