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World Aids Day 2020: India Needs Stronger Focus On Addressing Mother To Child Transmission Of HIV, Says Winnie Byanyima, Executive Director, UNAIDS

December 1 is marked as World Aids Day, NDTV speaks with Winnie Byanyima, the Executive Director, UNAIDS to know how India has fared in the last few years with respect to AIDS-related illnesses

World Aids Day 2020: India Needs Stronger Focus On Addressing Mother To Child Transmission Of HIV, Says Winnie Byanyima, the Executive Director, UNAIDS

New Delhi: Across the globe, HIV has claimed almost 33 million lives, according to World Health Organisation (WHO). In India, as per UNAIDS – the joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, in 2017 there were 2.1 million people living with HIV in the country. Talking to NDTV, about the disease in India’s perspective and how India has fared in the last few years, Winnie Byanyima, the Executive Director, UNAIDS said, “The positive news is that the country has been able to bring down AIDS-related new infections in the last 10 years by 38 per cent and AIDS-related deaths by 56 per cent. But, the country needs to make more progress as still 2.1 million people are living with the disease.”

Also Read: World AIDS Day 2020: A Look At How HIV-AIDS Has Been Impacting The World

Further stressing on focus areas India should work on in terms of managing AIDS, Ms Byanyima added,

A stronger focus is needed in controlling AIDS in pregnant women, as if an expecting women is tested positive with the disease the chances are the infection will be transmitted to the child. Secondly, India needs to focus on treating marginalised group such as sex workers, transgenders as these fall under vulnerable people criteria and still face a lot of discrimination.

According to WHO, there is no cure for HIV infection, however, effective antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) can control the virus and help prevent onward transmission to other people. Highlighting this point, Ms Byanyima said,

India produces 80 per cent of the antiretroviral treatment drugs and a lot of countries globally depend on India for the treatment. In the wake of current coronavirus crisis, India needs to make sure that this production and supply chain of antiretroviral drugs is not broken.

Also Read: Expert Blog: HIV Prevention- Ending The HIV Epidemic Together

Talking about the way ahead and the key focus areas to look at to reduce instances of AIDS, Ms Byanyima said that the thumb rule is that we need to protect young adolescent girls and women, it is very crucial. She added,

Sex education at school for both boys and girls is surely a way ahead, we also need the same at community level so as more and more people are aware.

Sharing how coronavirus pandemic will affect development made in tacking AIDS worldwide, Ms Byanyima signed off by adding,

World AIDS Day 2020 will be like no other. COVID-19 is threatening the progress that the world has made in health and development over the past 20 years, including the gains we have made against HIV. Like all epidemics, it is widening the inequalities that already existed.

About World AIDS Day 2020

In bid to show support for people living with HIV and to commemorate those who have died from AIDS-related illness, December 1 is marked as World AIDS Day. Founded in 1988, World AIDS Day was the first ever global health day. Each year, organizations and individuals across the world bring attention to the HIV epidemic with a particular theme to increase HIV awareness and knowledge and speak out against HIV stigma. The theme for the 2020 observance is “Ending the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Resilience and Impact.”

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

23,96,06,768Cases
20,13,42,617Active
3,33,82,100Recovered
48,82,051Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 23,96,06,768 and 48,82,051 have died; 20,13,42,617 are active cases and 3,33,82,100 have recovered as on October 15, 2021 at 4:15 am.

India

3,40,37,592 16,862Cases
2,03,6782,908Active
3,33,82,100 19,391Recovered
4,51,814 379Deaths
In India, there are 3,40,37,592 confirmed cases including 4,51,814 deaths. The number of active cases is 2,03,678 and 3,33,82,100 have recovered as on October 15, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,86,280 2,384

33,157 6

64,13,418 2,343

1,39,705 35

Kerala

48,29,944 9,246

96,421 1,802

47,06,856 10,952

26,667 96

Karnataka

29,82,399 310

9,607 43

29,34,870 347

37,922 6

Tamil Nadu

26,83,396 1,259

15,451 199

26,32,092 1,438

35,853 20

Andhra Pradesh

20,59,122 540

6,588 27

20,38,248 557

14,286 10

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,008 12

135 4

16,86,976 16

22,897

West Bengal

15,79,012 530

7,576 81

15,52,491 601

18,945 10

Delhi

14,39,311 28

337 1

14,13,885 29

25,089

Odisha

10,33,809 521

4,890 38

10,20,645 477

8,274 6

Chhattisgarh

10,05,614 16

203 4

9,91,841 20

13,570

Rajasthan

9,54,382 8

42 6

9,45,386 2

8,954

Gujarat

8,26,244 34

215 20

8,15,943 14

10,086

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,669 12

111 1

7,82,035 11

10,523

Haryana

7,71,035 16

105 158

7,60,881

10,049 174

Bihar

7,26,016 8

42 6

7,16,313 2

9,661

Telangana

6,68,618 168

4,171 40

6,60,512 207

3,935 1

Assam

6,05,847 207

3,646 157

5,96,263 362

5,938 2

Punjab

6,01,971 33

234 11

5,85,199 16

16,538 6

Jharkhand

3,48,406 11

130 4

3,43,141 7

5,135

Uttarakhand

3,43,729 28

175 22

3,36,157 6

7,397

Jammu And Kashmir

3,30,834 93

935 11

3,25,473 104

4,426

Himachal Pradesh

2,21,113 182

1,387 5

2,16,011 173

3,715 4

Goa

1,77,356 68

679 27

1,73,342 39

3,335 2

Puducherry

1,27,259 49

647 4

1,24,763 53

1,849

Manipur

1,22,432 69

1,444 15

1,19,099 84

1,889

Mizoram

1,10,719 901

13,601 435

96,744 1,332

374 4

Tripura

84,295 4

110 8

83,369 12

816

Meghalaya

82,734 87

892 31

80,411 115

1,431 3

Chandigarh

65,295 10

32 5

64,443 15

820

Arunachal Pradesh

54,958 4

202 22

54,476 26

280

Sikkim

31,722 6

224 1

31,108 7

390

Nagaland

31,516 9

230 8

30,613 17

673

Ladakh

20,867 6

44 2

20,615 4

208

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,675

3 1

10,668 1

4

Lakshadweep

10,365

2 0

10,312

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,640 3

10 1

7,501 2

129

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