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World Health Day 2021: WHO Issues Five Calls For Urgent Action To Combat Global Inequity In Health

World Health Day 2021: COVID-19 has hit all countries hard, but its impact has been harshest on those communities which were already vulnerable, said WHO

World Health Day 2021: WHO Issues Five Calls For Urgent Action To Combat Global Inequity In Health
Highlights
  • Work hand in hand with affected communities: WHO to governments
  • Around 12 crore people worldwide have been driven into extreme poverty: WHO
  • As of April 7, 2021, over 28.7 lakh people have died from COVID-19

New Delhi: According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the inequality in access to healthcare worldwide. It said that some people are able to live healthier lives and have better access to health services than others, entirely due to the conditions in which they are born, grow, live, work and age. Because of this inequality in access to healthcare, people suffer illnesses, unnecessary sufferings and death. With an aim to address this inequality by calling on world leaders to take note of it, WHO decided “Building a fairer, healthier world” as the theme for marking the World Health Day 2021. Under this initiative, WHO has issued five calls for urgent action to combat global inequities.

Also Read: World Health Day 2021, The Day Dedicated To Building A Fairer, Healthier World For Everyone

Five Actions For World Health Day

WHO has called on government, international organisations and political leaders to work hand in hand with affected communities and individuals to address the root cause of inequalities to implement solutions within and beyond health sectors. Following are the five actions suggested by the WHO:

1. Equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines, tests and treatments within and between countries
2. Post-COVID-19 recovery budgets and plans that protect and prioritise health and social sectors
3. Equitable services and infrastructure in all communities – both urban and rural
4. Stronger primary health care for everyone, everywhere
5. Better data collection and reporting so countries know where the health inequalities are so they can address them better

In his address on the World Health Day, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director General, WHO said,

So, as countries respond, recover and rebuild, it’s vital for all governments to invest in better health and social services and remove the barriers that prevent so many people from using them – so more people have the chance to live healthy lives.

Dr Tedros further said that health inequalities are not just unfair, but also make the planet less safe and less sustainable.

Also Read: World Health Day 2021: It’s Time To Make Health A Top Priority

COVID-19 And Health Inequality

According to the WHO, COVID-19 has hit all countries hard, but its impact has been harshest on those communities which were already vulnerable like senior citizens, people with pre-existing illnesses, socially and economically disadvantaged groups among others.

Further highlighting the inequality in healthcare access globally, WHO said that as of April 1, of the half billion vaccines administered, 86 per cent were in high-income countries and 0.1 per cent in low-income countries.

WHO highlighted that about 10 crore people around the world are pushed into poverty each year due to out of pocket spending on health and around 12 crore people have been driven into extreme poverty in the last year as a direct or indirect result of the pandemic. This, according to Dr Tredos, will further worsen the issue of inequality in access to healthcare.

Also Read: World Health Day 2021: Ministers And Politicians Urge People To Take All Precautions And Fight COVID-19

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

23,96,06,768Cases
20,13,42,617Active
3,33,82,100Recovered
48,82,051Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 23,96,06,768 and 48,82,051 have died; 20,13,42,617 are active cases and 3,33,82,100 have recovered as on October 15, 2021 at 4:15 am.

India

3,40,37,592 16,862Cases
2,03,6782,908Active
3,33,82,100 19,391Recovered
4,51,814 379Deaths
In India, there are 3,40,37,592 confirmed cases including 4,51,814 deaths. The number of active cases is 2,03,678 and 3,33,82,100 have recovered as on October 15, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,86,280 2,384

33,157 6

64,13,418 2,343

1,39,705 35

Kerala

48,29,944 9,246

96,421 1,802

47,06,856 10,952

26,667 96

Karnataka

29,82,399 310

9,607 43

29,34,870 347

37,922 6

Tamil Nadu

26,83,396 1,259

15,451 199

26,32,092 1,438

35,853 20

Andhra Pradesh

20,59,122 540

6,588 27

20,38,248 557

14,286 10

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,008 12

135 4

16,86,976 16

22,897

West Bengal

15,79,012 530

7,576 81

15,52,491 601

18,945 10

Delhi

14,39,311 28

337 1

14,13,885 29

25,089

Odisha

10,33,809 521

4,890 38

10,20,645 477

8,274 6

Chhattisgarh

10,05,614 16

203 4

9,91,841 20

13,570

Rajasthan

9,54,382 8

42 6

9,45,386 2

8,954

Gujarat

8,26,244 34

215 20

8,15,943 14

10,086

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,669 12

111 1

7,82,035 11

10,523

Haryana

7,71,035 16

105 158

7,60,881

10,049 174

Bihar

7,26,016 8

42 6

7,16,313 2

9,661

Telangana

6,68,618 168

4,171 40

6,60,512 207

3,935 1

Assam

6,05,847 207

3,646 157

5,96,263 362

5,938 2

Punjab

6,01,971 33

234 11

5,85,199 16

16,538 6

Jharkhand

3,48,406 11

130 4

3,43,141 7

5,135

Uttarakhand

3,43,729 28

175 22

3,36,157 6

7,397

Jammu And Kashmir

3,30,834 93

935 11

3,25,473 104

4,426

Himachal Pradesh

2,21,113 182

1,387 5

2,16,011 173

3,715 4

Goa

1,77,356 68

679 27

1,73,342 39

3,335 2

Puducherry

1,27,259 49

647 4

1,24,763 53

1,849

Manipur

1,22,432 69

1,444 15

1,19,099 84

1,889

Mizoram

1,10,719 901

13,601 435

96,744 1,332

374 4

Tripura

84,295 4

110 8

83,369 12

816

Meghalaya

82,734 87

892 31

80,411 115

1,431 3

Chandigarh

65,295 10

32 5

64,443 15

820

Arunachal Pradesh

54,958 4

202 22

54,476 26

280

Sikkim

31,722 6

224 1

31,108 7

390

Nagaland

31,516 9

230 8

30,613 17

673

Ladakh

20,867 6

44 2

20,615 4

208

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,675

3 1

10,668 1

4

Lakshadweep

10,365

2 0

10,312

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,640 3

10 1

7,501 2

129

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