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Swasth Report Of West Bengal: Anaemia In Women And Children Needs Attention

Here is a quick lowdown on West Bengal’s performance on vital health parameters and how the state’s healthcare has been able to perform well on some indicators and faces challenges across others

Swasth Report Of West Bengal: Anaemia In Women And Children Needs Attention

New Delhi: In July 2017 Chief Minister of West Bengal Mamata Banerjee announced her resolution to reduce under-nutrition and anaemia amongst women and children in a targeted manner by 2020. For this, the state of West Bengal launched a state-level nutrition mission. According to the fourth and latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS 4), the state was indeed able to achieve some reduction in malnutrition and improvement in child healthcare. However, anaemia continues to remain a massive challenge as more than 50 per cent of children under five years of age and more than 60 per cent of women in the childbearing age group are still anaemic. In a bid to increase the healthcare for new mothers and babies, the state government proposed setting up of 13 Mother and Child Hubs in the state budget of the current year. The aim of these hubs is to ensure quantitative and qualitative improvement in maternal and child health services at hospitals where the number of patients is high.

Also Read: Malnutrition In India: Has This Decade Laid Down A Blueprint For A Malnutrition-Free India?

Here are some of the major health indicators that show the achievements of the state and the challenges facing it:

    • Decline In Infant Mortality Rate Reflects Improved State of West Bengal’s Healthcare Facilities For Children: The infant mortality rate (IMR) in West Bengal in NFHS-4 (2015-16) is estimated at 28 deaths per 1,000 live births before the age of one year. This is a decline of almost 42 per cent from the NFHS-3 (2005-06) estimate of 48 deaths per 1,000 live births. The state has outperformed the country in terms of IMR as the national figure stands at 41 deaths per 1,000 live births, as per NFHS-4. The report shows that boys have a higher mortality rate than girls during the neonatal period or the first 28 days of life, and during the post-neonatal period (ages 1-11 months), girls have a slightly higher mortality rate than boys. IMR in rural areas is double (32) than that in the urban areas (16). While presenting the state budget for 2019-20, Amit Mitra, minister-in-charge of Finance Department under the Government of West Bengal announced that the IMR of the state has further reduced to 25 per 1,000 live births in 2018-19.

      Swasth Report Of West Bengal: Anaemia In Women And Children Needs Attention

      Infant Mortality Rate in West Bengal has decreased over the years

    • West Bengal Outperformed The Nation In Reducing Under Five Child Mortality Rate: According to NFHS-4, the Under Five Child Mortality Rate (U5CMR) was 32 in 2015-16 which declined by almost half from U5CMR of 60 in NFHS-3. In terms of U5CMR, the state has outperformed the country that stands at 50 in NFHS-4. However, it is important to note that U5CMR in rural areas of the state is more than double (38) of that in the urban areas (16).

      Swasth Report Of West Bengal: Anaemia In Women And Children Needs Attention

      Under fiver mortality rate in West Bengal has almost reduced to half

    • About One-Third Of West Bengal’s Children Are Malnourished: Children’s nutritional status in West Bengal has improved since 2005-2006 by only some measures. NFHS-4 reports that about 32. 5 per cent of children under the age of five in the state are stunted or too short for their age. There has been a decline of about 12.1 per cent in the prevalence of stunting which was about 45 in the NFHS-3. However, more than 20 per cent of the total children in the state are wasted, or too thin for their height, which may result from inadequate food intake or a recent illness-causing weight loss. There has been an increase from 17 per cent in 2005-06 to 20 per cent in 2015-16 in the prevalence of wasting in the state. About 32 per cent children in the state were underweight in 2015-16 which was 38.7 per cent in 2005-06.In a bid to tackle malnutrition in the state, the government of West Bengal has joined hand with UNICEF recently and has set a five-step agenda which aims on empowering families and building a healthy food environment to fight the aforementioned triple burden of malnutrition along with various vitamin and mineral deficiencies.

      Swasth Report Of West Bengal: Anaemia In Women And Children Needs Attention

      While stunting and underweight problem among children has reduced in West Bengal, an upward trend was recorded in wasting

Also Read: Here Are Tips On How To Tackle ‘Hidden Hunger’ In Children Caused By Lack Of Micronutrients

    • High Prevalence Of Anaemia Among Women And Children: Anaemia is a condition that is marked by low levels of haemoglobin in the blood. This blood disorder is a major health problem in West Bengal, especially among women and children. Among children between the ages of 6 and 59 months, more than half (54.2 per cent) are anaemic, finds NFHS-4.

      Swasth Report Of West Bengal: Anaemia In Women And Children Needs Attention

      More than 50 per cent of children in West Bengal are anaemic

The survey also reports that about 63 per cent of women in West Bengal have anaemia. The report finds that Anaemia is particularly high for women who are breastfeeding. As per NFHS-4, anaemia among women has decreased marginally (by 1 percentage point) since NFHS-3.

Swasth Report Of West Bengal: Anaemia In Women And Children Needs Attention

Anaemia in women is a major concern in West Bengal

    • The State Contributes About 17 Per Cent To The Total Diarrhoeal Cases In India in 2017: According to National Health Profile (NHP) 2019 report developed by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of the Government of India, cases of Diarrhoeal disease in 2018 were 22.5 Lakh which increased by about 6.4 per cent from 21.15 Lakh in 2017. Out of the total cases of Diarrhoea in India in 2018 which was almost 1.3 crore (1,31,94,775), West Bengal contributed to about 17.06 per cent. The deaths caused by Diarrhoea also increased from 129 in 2017 to 167 in 2018 which is worse than all the state and union territories of India except Assam and Uttar Pradesh where the number Diarrhoeal deaths count to 439 and 229 respectively in 2018. On the occasion of Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) Day on July 29 this year, CM Banerjee acknowledged on social media that acute diarrhoeal diseases are one of the leading causes of mortality in infants in West Bengal.

      Swasth Report Of West Bengal: Anaemia In Women And Children Needs Attention

      There has been a decline in the number of cases of Diarrhoea in West Bengal

Note: For the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 4, information for West Bengal was gathered from a sample of over 15,327 households, which covered 17,668 women, and 2,402 men. In NFH-3, information was collected from 5,992 households including 6,794 women and 2,669 men.

Also Read: West Bengal Government And UNICEF Set A Five Step Agenda To Fight Malnutrition In The State

World

26,27,61,966Cases
22,35,18,265Active
3,40,28,506Recovered
52,15,195Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 196 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 26,27,61,966 and 52,15,195 have died; 22,35,18,265 are active cases and 3,40,28,506 have recovered as on December 1, 2021 at 3:56 am.

India

3,45,96,776 8,954Cases
99,0231,520Active
3,40,28,506 10,207Recovered
4,69,247 267Deaths
In India, there are 3,45,96,776 confirmed cases including 4,69,247 deaths. The number of active cases is 99,023 and 3,40,28,506 have recovered as on December 1, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

66,35,658 678

11,226 299

64,83,435 942

1,40,997 35

Kerala

51,41,814 4,723

44,314 824

50,57,368 5,370

40,132 177

Karnataka

29,96,148 291

6,445 462

29,51,492 745

38,211 8

Tamil Nadu

27,26,917 720

8,244 47

26,82,192 758

36,481 9

Andhra Pradesh

20,72,909 184

2,149 47

20,56,318 134

14,442 3

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,399 12

89 3

16,87,399 8

22,911 1

West Bengal

16,16,083 705

7,731 2

15,88,866 694

19,486 13

Delhi

14,40,934 34

287 2

14,15,549 32

25,098

Odisha

10,49,108 228

2,188 23

10,38,509 203

8,411 2

Chhattisgarh

10,06,813 34

318 0

9,92,902 34

13,593

Rajasthan

9,54,785 15

193 6

9,45,637 9

8,955

Gujarat

8,27,475 40

275 13

8,17,108 27

10,092

Madhya Pradesh

7,93,170 20

119 7

7,82,523 27

10,528

Haryana

7,71,709 17

163 2

7,61,492 19

10,054

Bihar

7,26,223 4

36 3

7,16,524 7

9,663

Telangana

6,75,994 196

3,591 10

6,68,411 184

3,992 2

Assam

6,16,852 144

2,625 30

6,08,124 109

6,103 5

Punjab

6,03,279 21

325 4

5,86,352 22

16,602 3

Jharkhand

3,49,244 12

98 3

3,44,006 9

5,140

Uttarakhand

3,44,255 28

141 9

3,36,706 19

7,408

Jammu And Kashmir

3,36,852 171

1,625 1

3,30,751 172

4,476

Himachal Pradesh

2,27,195 102

834 10

2,22,513 91

3,848 1

Goa

1,78,928 38

284 8

1,75,260 30

3,384

Mizoram

1,35,175 365

3,751 54

1,30,927 415

497 4

Puducherry

1,28,924 31

284 12

1,26,768 43

1,872

Manipur

1,25,205 36

649 6

1,22,579 40

1,977 2

Tripura

84,805 14

81 3

83,900 10

824 1

Meghalaya

84,480 19

294 9

82,713 9

1,473 1

Chandigarh

65,465 9

65 7

64,580 2

820

Arunachal Pradesh

55,276 3

35 0

54,961 3

280

Sikkim

32,242 9

124 3

31,715 6

403

Nagaland

32,122 13

133 7

31,293 20

696

Ladakh

21,578 38

276 26

21,088 12

214

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,683

1 0

10,678

4

Lakshadweep

10,394

24 0

10,319

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,683

6 2

7,548 2

129

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