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Climate Change

Temperature Expected To Go Up By 2.2 Degrees Celsius By 2050 In Assam

According to the Assam State Action Plan on Climate Change (ASAPCC) report, the state will also witness increase in extreme rainfall incidents by 38 per cent

Temperature Expected To Go Up By 2.2 Degrees Celsius By 2050 In Assam
State minister Keshab Mahanta said that the annual mean temperature in Assam has increased by 0.59 degrees Celsius from 1951 to 2010

Guwahati: The average temperature in Assam is expected to rise by up to 2.2 degrees Celsius by 2050 due to the impact of climate change, state minister Keshab Mahanta informed the assembly on Friday (September 16). Extreme rainfall incidents will also increase by 38 per cent, the minister said citing the Assam State Action Plan on Climate Change (ASAPCC) report. Replying to a query by BJP MLA Mrinal Saikia during Question Hour, the Science, Technology and Climate Change minister said Assam has the highest overall vulnerability index in the country concerning extreme climate events.

It also ranked as the fifth vulnerable state as per the Department of Science and Technology, Assam.

Climate change projections for Assam indicate that mean average temperature is likely to rise by 1.7-2.2 degrees Celsius by mid-century with respect to 1971-2000 (the baseline). The annual mean temperature in the state has increased by 0.59 degrees Celsius from 1951 to 2010, he said.

Mr. Mahanta said that the climate change projections in the state action plan also predict that extreme rainfall events will increase by 5-38 per cent.

All across the state, except the southern districts, droughts weeks are going to rise as well by more than 75 per cent with respect to the baseline (1971-2000), he said.

Also Read: Tackling Inequality Key To Climate Fight: Study

Floods have also been projected to increase by more than 25 per cent, the minister said. Assam is highly vulnerable to climate change due to its geographic proximity to the delta region and poor socio-economic conditions and it is reflected in the exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity of the local population to climate-induced extreme events such as floods, Mr. Mahanta said.

Citing a study, he pointed out that there has been widespread loss of livelihood options for thousands of people across Assam due to climate change disasters, particularly floods and erosion. Giving an example of Golaghat district, which has not witnessed a normal monsoon in the last 30 years, the minister said that rainfall intensity is changing and the wet regions of the state were hit by a severe drought in 2021.

Drought conditions lower the production of agriculture commodities, which in turn pushes their prices up. There is an exponential increase in the frequency of flood events since 2010, he added.

Last year, over 14 lakh people were displaced by flooding along the Brahmaputra river, while the state received 625.3 mm rainfall against the average of 792.3 mm, Mr. Mahanta said.

Noting that the Assam government has taken various steps to fight climate change, the minister said the state rolled out the Chief Minister’s Institutional Plantation Programme (CMIPP) in July this year. The government had published its first State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) in 2015, addressing the climate change concerns related to agriculture, water resources, forest and biodiversity, urban habitat, and energy sectors, he said.

Also Read: Climate Change Phenomenon Deeply Unfair, Impacts More Severely Felt By The Poor, Vulnerable: Union Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav

The SAPCC was updated to align it with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), he said, adding “this plan will remain in currency during 2021-2030”.

Our government has renamed the Science and Technology Department as Science, Technology and Climate Change Department and the department is now initiating various programmes to address the climate change issues, Mr. Mahanta said.

He also informed the House that a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), Assam Climate Change Management Society, was set up in 2018 to tackle the problems of climate change.

The Government of Assam through the SPV is getting a study done on the agricultural vulnerability and risk assessment at the district level to support climate-resilient actions, Mr. Mahanta said.

In Pics: Assam’s Latest Mantra To End Open Defecation

(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

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