Air Pollution Killed Nearly 5 Lakh Newborns Worldwide, Over 1 Lakh In India In 2019: State Of Global Air 2020 Report

Air Pollution Killed Nearly 5 Lakh Newborns Worldwide, Over 1 Lakh In India In 2019: State Of Global Air 2020 Report

According to the State of Global Air 2020 report, air pollution has become fourth leading risk factors for early deaths globally surpassed only by high blood pressure, tobacco use and poor diet
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Air Pollution Killed Nearly 5 Lakh Newborns Worldwide, Over 1 Lakh In India In 2019: State Of Global Air 2020 ReportThe State of Global Air 2020, released on October 21, said that India has been recording an increase in Particulate Matter (PM) 2.5 pollution since 2010
Highlights
  • In India, air pollution is the highest risk factor for public health: Repor
  • India recorded 24% of global infants deaths due to air pollution in 2019
  • India is among top 10 countries with highest ozone exposure in 2019

New Delhi: Air pollution has been recognised as a threat to public health globally and yet, it continues to be ignored in many parts of the world, according to experts. The State of Global Air 2020 report released on Wednesday, revealed that in 2019, air pollution contributed to over 66.7 lakh deaths worldwide including 16.67 lakh in India. The report, which was first launched in 2015 by the Health Effects Institute, a non-profit research organization based in the USA and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation’s (IHME’s) Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project, has for the first time included the effect of air pollution on the health of the babies. In a shocking revelation, the report has found that in 2019, air pollution has killed nearly 5 lakh babies in their first month of life around the world including about 1.16 lakh babies in India.

Also Read: India Aims To Cut Crop Waste Burning In Punjab And Haryana By 80 Per Cent

Air Pollution Is A Major Life Threat To The Newborns

According to the State of Global Air 2020, exposure to air pollution is causing harm to babies in the womb and can cause premature birth or low birth weight which can lead to a higher infant mortality rate, especially in the developing countries. Nearly two-thirds of the 5 lakh deaths of infants documented in 2019 were associated with indoor air pollution, particularly arising from solid fuels such as charcoal, wood, and animal dung for cooking, highlights the report.

The report revealed that India has recorded the highest share of the global infant deaths in 2019, as much as 24 per cent, because of air pollution.

Commenting on the findings of the report, Polash Mukherjee, Lead- Air Quality, Mobility and Climate Resilience at Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) said,

Indoor air pollution is as dangerous as the ambient air pollution which has also been made evident by the report. It attributes indoor pollution as the contributing factor in the death of infants in the first month of their lives. Even in the past, the air pollution experts and scientists have highlighted the threats of indoor air pollution. However, indoor air pollution is not a focus for our policymakers yet. Subsidised cooking gas programme of the government has helped but it needs to increase the coverage since households in rural areas are still using bio-fuels like wood and cow-dung for cooking and other energy needs.

He further pointed out that exposure to air pollution affects the survivors too as it damages their lungs, brain and other organs and makes them vulnerable to a number of diseases. He called the findings of the report an eye-opener and recommended that the government must focus even more on reducing indoor air pollution. He said that the district level plans made under the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) launched by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) in January 2019, should include measures to reduce air pollution in rural areas in a robust way.

Also Read: Expert Opinion: The Right To Breathe Clean Air

Highest PM 2.5 Concentration Exposure In The World Last Year Was Recorded In India

The State of Global Air 2020 found that in 2019, the most polluted regions in the world included South Asia and Africa. Among countries, India recorded the highest annual average Particulate Matter (PM) 2.5 (Particulate matter less than or equal to 2.5 micrometers in aerodynamic diameter) concentration exposure in 2019. The report also said that India has been recording an increase in PM 2.5 pollution since 2010. India is also among the top ten countries with highest ozone (O3) exposure in 2019.

Out of the 20 most populous countries, 14 have recorded a gradual improvement in air quality but India, Bangladesh, Niger, Pakistan and Japan are among those that have recorded a modest increase in air pollution levels.

In India, air pollution is the highest risk factor for public health because of the huge burden of premature deaths it contributes to, the report highlighted. Globally, air pollution ranks at fourth, surpassed only by high blood pressure, tobacco use and poor diet.

Anumita Roychowdhury, Executive Director, Research and Advocacy, Centre For Science and Environment said,

The State of Global Air 2020 is a shocker. India has recorded the second highest death burden and very high increase in PM2.5 related deaths – 61 per cent increase since 2010. Mother’s exposure and babies born small and early have increased this risk manifold. Not only that, ozone exposure has also emerged as another serious threat that has increased by 84 per cent since 2010. These stark evidences have very serious implications for the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) as 95 per cent of Indians are breathing air that does not meet the WHO guidelines.

Also Read: COVID-19: Kurin Systems Introduce First Air Purification Mask Called Kurin Atom

She further noted that tackling air pollution requires sectoral reforms to clean up emissions from vehicles, power plants, industries and local sources like construction and waste. She said,

The focus of NCAP has to go much beyond cities to regional clean up with a strong compliance and accountability strategy. Nation-wide leapfrog to BSVI (Bharat Stage 6) emissions standards and expansion of subsidised LPG programme to poorer households have helped. But a lot more systemic reforms are needed across all key sectors of pollution. National and regional clean air action plans need to ensure enforcement of stricter emissions standards in all sectors, monitoring of real world emissions, clean fuel strategy and favourable pricing of clean fuels, transportation strategy to reduce traffic volumes and massive municipal reforms for waste management and recycling. This change has to take place at a scale across all regions. This makes a strong case for green economic recovery. Economic recovery policies must not lock in more pollution in the longer term.

While talking about the report findings, Vivek Chattopadhyay, air pollution expert based in Delhi said that the union health ministry along with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) as well the environment ministry need to work together to set air pollution reduction targets along with tackling the health impacts of air pollution. He said,

Protecting kids should be our first priority as well as reducing premature deaths. Therefore, the present NCAP target must be revised to make them more stringent. We all breathe same air which our neighbouring states do, so it’s a collective responsibility in the national interest for all states to improve air quality in cities–peri-urban areas– villages– industrial hotspots and others.

The experts have also warned that the areas with high levels of air pollution could also contribute to the severity of COVID-19 cases in the ongoing pandemic.

Also Read: Drivers Who Don’t Shut Their Car Windows Exposed To More Air Pollution: Study

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

5,91,61,991Cases
1,98,75,136Active
3,78,90,856Recovered
13,95,999Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 191 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 5,91,61,991 and 13,95,999 have died; 1,98,75,136 are active cases and 3,78,90,856 have recovered as on November 24, 2020 at 3:37 am.

India

91,77,840 37975Cases
4,38,667 -4819Active
86,04,955 42314Recovered
1,34,218 480Deaths
In India, there are 91,77,840 confirmed cases including 1,34,218 deaths. The number of active cases is 4,38,667 and 86,04,955 have recovered as on November 24, 2020 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Mumbai45,478
Thane13,660
Pune9,920
Mumbai Suburban5,363
Aurangabad1,974
Nashik1,575
Raigad1,462
Palghar1,421
Solapur1,291
Jalgaon1,039
Akola757
Nagpur692
Kolhapur646
Satara629
Ratnagiri350
Amravati291
Dhule228
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Ahmednagar190
Nanded176
Yavatmal150
Sangli145
Latur139
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Buldhana88
Parbhani78
gondia69
Beed54
Nandurbar42
Gadchiroli42
Bhandara41
Chandrapur32
Washim13
Wardha11

17,84,361 4,153

82,915 394

16,54,793 3,729

46,653 30

DistrictCases
Udupi1,176
Kalaburagi669
Yadgir538
Bengaluru Urban529
Raichur369
Mandya346
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Hassan205
Davangere204
Vijayapura201
Dakshina Kannada179
Chikkaballapura149
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Uttara Kannada95
Shivamogga67
Dharwad61
Ballari60
Gadag45
Bengaluru Rural40
Tumakuru36
Kolar29
Haveri24
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Koppal5
Kodagu4
Ramanagara3
Chamarajanagara0

8,74,555 1,509

24,727 160

8,38,150 1,645

11,678 24

DistrictCases
Kurnool795
Krishna557
Guntur511
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Chittoor319
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Y.S.R.205
West Godavari199
Srikakulam183
Prakasam104
Visakhapatnam103
Vizianagaram23

8,62,758 545

13,394 855

8,42,416 1,390

6,948 10

DistrictCases
Chennai23,324
Chengalpattu1,314
Thiruvallur774
Villupuram509
Kanchipuram503
Tiruvannamalai496
Cuddalore477
Ariyalur444
Tirunelveli433
Tuticorin333
Kallakurichi324
Madurai322
Salem258
Coimbatore188
Virudhunagar185
Dindigul175
Perambalur133
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Ramanathapuram119
Tiruppur116
Kanniyakumari110
Tenkasi103
Nagapattinam99
Karur88
Namakkal83
Erode75
Vellore71
Thiruvarur67
Pudukkottai53
Sivaganga46
Tirupathur45
Krishnagiri43
The Nilgiris17
Dharmapuri15

7,71,619 1,624

12,245 297

7,47,752 1,904

11,622 17

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kasaragod333
Palakkad224
Malappuram119
Kollam118
Thrissur106
Thiruvananthapuram104
Pathanamthitta98
Kozhikode90
Alappuzha76
Kottayam73
Ernakulam60
Idukki40
Wayanad36

5,66,452 3,757

64,292 1,690

5,00,089 5,425

2,071 22

DistrictCases
North West5,463
Central4,817
West4,768
New Delhi3,405
North3,059
East2,472
South East2,446
South West2,391
South2,329
North East1,914
Shahdara1,580

5,34,317 4,454

37,329 2,883

4,88,476 7,216

8,512 121

DistrictCases
Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119
Agra933
Ghaziabad794
Meerut504
Lucknow386
Saharanpur298
Kanpur Nagar286
Moradabad252
Varanasi243
Hapur225
Aligarh215
Basti214
Amethi206
Rampur203
Jaunpur194
Firozabad190
Barabanki168
Gorakhpur166
Bulandshahr166
Siddharth Nagar159
Ghazipur159
Bijnor157
Deoria143
Azamgarh138
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Mathura129
Ayodhya120
Muzaffarnagar117
Sambhal116
Sultanpur97
Ambedkar Nagar92
Maharajganj85
Amroha80
Rae Bareli78
Bahraich73
Kheri72
Kannauj69
Baghpat68
Kushi Nagar67
Bhadohi60
Ballia60
Gonda59
Etah52
Hardoi49
Balrampur49
Mau48
Mainpuri46
Etawah46
Hathras43
Unnao42
Jalaun41
Jhansi41
Shamli40
Chandauli38
Auraiya37
Farrukhabad36
Sitapur32
Prayagraj30
Banda27
Shahjahanpur25
Shravasti23
Budaun23
Mirzapur22
Bareilly17
Kasganj16
Pratapgarh15
Pilibhit15
Sonbhadra10
Kaushambi6
Kanpur Dehat4
Chitrakoot4
Lalitpur3
Hamirpur3
Mahoba3
Fatehpur3

5,28,833 2,053

23,776 30

4,97,475 2,060

7,582 23

DistrictCases
Kolkata2,777
Howrah1,435
24 Paraganas North1,031
Hooghly604
24 Paraganas South281
Maldah235
Dinajpur Uttar216
Coochbehar210
Birbhum206
Medinipur West159
Medinipur East153
Nadia139
Purba Bardhaman130
Murshidabad125
Bankura116
Darjeeling97
Jalpaiguri88
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purulia66
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Alipurduar39
Kalimpong18
Jhargram9

4,59,918 3,557

25,030 177

4,26,816 3,687

8,072 47

DistrictCases
Ganjam581
Jajapur322
Khordha238
Baleshwar190
Kendrapara164
Cuttack155
Bhadrak137
Balangir129
Puri103
Sundargarh102
Jagatsinghapur91
Nayagarh86
Mayurbhanj73
Nuapada69
Gajapati61
Dhenkanal36
Boudh34
Kendujhar34
Deogarh33
Kalahandi33
Sonepur29
Kandhamal28
Anugul26
Malkangiri20
Bargarh16
Koraput16
Sambalpur16
Jharsuguda8
Nabarangpur2
Rayagada2

3,14,629 668

6,246 262

3,06,726 913

1,657 17

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2,475
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Jagitial77
Nizamabad76
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Mancherial43
YadadriBhuvanagiri40
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Vikarabad40
Nalgonda33
Warangal Urban32
Mahabubnagar30
Sangareddy26
Khammam26
Adilabad22
Nirmal21
Karimnagar17
RajannaSircilla16
Medak11
Kamareddy11
Mahabubabad10
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Nagarkurnool8
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Jangoan8
Siddipet7
Peddapalli5
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Warangal Rural4
Mulugu3
Narayanpet3
Wanaparthy1

2,65,049 921

11,047 180

2,52,565 1,097

1,437 4

DistrictCases
Jaipur2,177
Jodhpur1,748
Udaipur724
Bharatpur563
Kota503
Nagaur500
Ajmer379
Dungarpur374
Pali352
Jhalawar329
Bhilwara250
Sikar231
Chittorgarh188
Tonk171
Jalore164
Rajsamand140
Sirohi130
Bikaner112
Banswara91
Alwar90
Churu81
Jhunjhunu64
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Baran59
Jaisalmer53
Barmer34
Hanumangarh31
SawaiMadhopur26
Karauli17
Pratapgarh14
Ganganagar8
Bundi5

2,47,168 3,232

24,116 926

2,20,871 2,288

2,181 18

DistrictCases
Patna279
Bhagalpur266
Rohtas256
Khagaria253
Begusarai243
Madhubani199
Munger188
Jehanabad178
Katihar175
Darbhanga143
Samastipur139
Siwan139
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Banka134
Buxar134
Nalanda123
Gopalganj123
Nawada122
Sheikhpura118
Gaya115
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Bhojpur103
Saran101
Muzaffarpur96
Saharsa88
Supaul87
Vaishali87
Madhepura82
Kishanganj75
Aurangabad75
Sitamarhi73
Lakhisarai72
Araria68
Pashchim Champaran57
Arwal52
Jamui47
Sheohar20

2,30,094 550

4,794 45

2,24,073 589

1,227 6

DistrictCases
Bilaspur100
Korba100
Mungeli87
Baloda Bazar85
Jashpur77
Janjgir-Champa56
Mahasamund54
Rajnandgaon52
Kabirdham52
Raigarh47
Raipur46
Balod41
Korea39
Durg31
Bemetara21
Kanker19
Balrampur17
Surguja14
Gariyaband10
Surajpur9
Dhamtari6
Bijapur2
Bastar2
Dantewada0
Kondagaon0
Narayanpur0
Sukma0

2,25,497 2,061

21,926 533

2,00,825 1,514

2,746 14

DistrictCases
Gurugram2,950
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Rohtak145
Palwal120
Jhajjar114
Karnal104
Hisar98
Ambala93
Panipat78
Nuh68
Bhiwani60
Rewari56
Kurukshetra55
Sirsa50
Kaithal48
Mahendragarh47
CharkiDadri43
Panchkula39
Fatehabad38
Jind38
Yamunanagar19

2,19,963 2,663

20,412 68

1,97,335 2,567

2,216 28

DistrictCases
Kamrup Metro276
Golaghat203
Nagaon143
Hojai89
Dima Hasao86
Karimganj85
Tinsukia84
Cachar80
Dibrugarh61
Hailakandi57
Lakhimpur57
Marigaon50
Dhemaji47
Kamrup42
Kokrajhar37
Dhubri30
Charaideo29
Barpeta28
Udalguri28
Sonitpur27
Jorhat24
Nalbari23
Darrang20
Sivasagar20
Goalpara19
Biswanath16
Baksa14
KarbiAnglong13
Bongaigaon12
Chirang6
West KarbiAnglong5
South SalmaraMancachar4
Majuli2

2,11,682 169

3,179 37

2,07,528 131

975 1

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17,125
Surat2,311
Vadodara1,555
Gandhinagar410
Mahesana159
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Rajkot135
Arvalli134
Mahisagar125
Anand107
PanchMahals107
Patan105
SabarKantha101
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Jamnagar63
Bharuch56
Botad55
Surendranagar55
Valsad47
GirSomnath45
Dohad43
Chhotaudepur37
Naysari35
Junagadh31
Narmada25
DevbhumiDwarka22
Amreli16
Porbandar11
Tapi6
Dang5
Morbi4

1,98,899 1,487

13,836 236

1,81,187 1,234

3,876 17

DistrictCases
Indore3,839
Bhopal1,880
Ujjain799
Burhanpur351
Neemuch319
Jabalpur276
East Nimar266
Sagar228
Gwalior211
Khargone196
Dewas140
Dhar132
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Bhind87
Raisen71
Barwani60
Ratlam51
Rewa39
Shajapur39
Hoshangabad37
Vidisha37
Chhatarpur35
Betul35
Rajgarh31
Dindori29
Sheopur26
Damoh26
Satna24
Anuppur22
Panna20
Tikamgarh18
Sidhi17
Narsinghpur17
Chhindwara16
Agar Malwa15
Mandla15
Shivpuri15
Jhabua14
Shandol14
Singrauli13
Ashoknagar13
Datia12
Sehore12
Umaria10
Balaghat9
Guna8
Harda4
Alirajpur3
Katni3
Seoni2
Niwari0

1,94,745 1,701

12,336 571

1,79,237 1,120

3,172 10

DistrictCases
Amritsar485
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Tarn Taran163
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
S.A.S Nagar137
Patiala132
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Pathankot86
Rupnagar (Ropar)74
Faridkot74
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Moga65
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Firozepur50
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Barnala25

1,47,057 711

6,687 37

1,35,739 731

4,631 17

DistrictCases
East Singhbum170
Ranchi148
Hazaribagh110
Garhwa80
Ramgarh75
Koderma58
Simdega48
Dhanbad32
Gumla28
Palamu27
West Singhbhum21
SaraikelaKharsawan20
Giridih19
Bokaro16
Latehar14
Khunti10
Lohardaga8
Deoghar5
Dumka5
Pakur4
Jamtara2
Godda2
Chatra1
Sahebganj0

1,07,688 219

2,202 87

1,04,533 304

953 2

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Srinagar300
Kulgam295
Baramulla271
Shopian255
Kupwara231
Bandipora175
Udhampur155
Ramban151
Jammu138
Budgam110
Pulwama108
Kathua53
Rajouri39
Ganderbal37
Poonch35
Doda27
Reasi26
Samba25
Kishtwar10
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0

1,06,899 351

5,431 269

99,827 608

1,641 12

DistrictCases
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Tehri Garhwal110
Haridwar94
Udam Singh Nagar83
Almora71
Champawat45
Pithoragarh43
Chamoli36
PauriGarhwal36
Bageshwar31
Rudraprayag30
Uttar Kashi24

71,632 376

4,298 70

66,172 439

1,162 7

DistrictCases
South Goa69
North Goa57

46,901 75

1,141 29

45,083 104

677

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Mahe4
Karaikal2
Yanam0

36,718 25

527 32

35,582 57

609

DistrictCases
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Una41
Solan32
Chamba29
Bilaspur21
Mandi21
Sirmaur11
Shimla10
Kullu4
Kinnaur2
Lahaul And Spiti0

34,781 454

6,680 354

27,541 785

560 23

DistrictCases
Dhalai196
Sepahijala174
Gomati74
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45
Khowai24
North Tripura14

32,493 59

827 31

31,296 27

370 1

DistrictCases
Churachandpur32
Kangpokpi26
Imphal West21
Thoubal18
Imphal East10
Tengnoupal9
Bishnupur7
Senapati6
Chandel5
Kamjong5
Ukhrul4
Jiribam3
Pherzawl3
Kakching2
Tamenglong2
Noney1

23,650 250

3,038 108

20,374 356

238 2

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

16,769 98

1,117 23

15,389 72

263 3

DistrictCases
Changlang31
Papum Pare8
Lohit3
Namsai2
West Siang1
East Siang1
Upper Siang1
Tawang1
PakkeKessang1
West Kameng0
Upper Subansiri0
Tirap0
Siang0
Shi Yomi0
Anjaw0
Lower Subansiri0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Longding0
Leparada0
KurungKumey0
KraDaadi0
Kamle0
East Kameng0
Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0

16,092 31

1,007 33

15,036 64

49

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
West Garo Hills5
South West Garo Hills4
North Garo Hills1
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Khasi Hills0

11,397 58

895 1

10,392 57

110

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Mon8
Kohima7
Kiphire3
Tuensang3
Peren2
Phek1
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

10,852 75

1,444 34

9,347 39

61 2

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

7,945 6

859 69

6,985 74

101 1

DistrictCases
East District3
South District3
North District0
West District0

4,736 14

230 48

4,406 61

100 1

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

4,656 15

142 2

4,453 13

61

DistrictCases
Kolasib11
Aizawl10
Mamit8
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Saitual1
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Saiha0
Serchhip0

3,710 50

502 39

3,203 11

5

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

3,325 4

40 1

3,283 3

2

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

0

0 0

0

0

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