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All You Need To Know About ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ And Its Impact On Public Distribution System

‘One Nation One Ration Card’ will enable beneficiaries to get their quota of grains from any ration shop across the country and not just the area where the card was issued

All You Need To Know About ‘One Nation, One Ration Card' And Its Impact On Public Distribution System

New Delhi: In India, more than 19 crore people, which is about 14.5 per cent of the total population, are undernourished or consume an insufficient amount of calories, as per ‘The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World, 2019′ report of FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). To address the grim state of food intake in the country and combat the problem of hunger, the Department of Food and Public Distribution, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution has started ‘one nation, one ration card’ facility in 12 states in the country on the first day of 2020. According to Rakesh Kumar Pandeer, Under Secretary, Department of Food and Public Distribution, the facility will be extended to the rest of the country by June this year. He said,

‘One nation, one ration card’ scheme has been started in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Haryana, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Jharkhand and Tripura on January 1 this year. The facility will be implemented in all states in the country by June 2020.

Also Read: Concerted Efforts Can Make India Free From Malnutrition: Experts

Further explaining about ‘one nation, one ration card’ system the official said that it is an electronic ration card portability scheme to make a single ration card eligible at any fair price shop also known as ration shops across the country. Currently, ration card holders can avail their entitlement of subsidised foodgrains in the place of issue of the card. Under the new system, the beneficiaries under the Public Distribution System (PDS) from these states can get their share of rations in any of the 12 states irrespective of where the ration card was originally issued. After the scheme gets implemented at the national level, any PDS recipient can use their ration cards at any PDS shop across the country.

According to Kamal Tak, a social activist and member of Soochna Evam Rozgaar Abiyaan, a non-governmental organisation in Rajasthan, ‘one nation, one ration card’ system will be beneficial for the migrant workers (especially, mine workers, farm labourers and construction workers) who travel to other states with their families in search of livelihood or people with transferable employment. As per Census 2011, 4.1 crore people were inter-state migrants and 1.4 crore people migrated (inter and intra-state) for employment. Mr. Tak who has been working in various villages and urban slums of Rajasthan said,

Geographical location is one of the hindrances that migrant workers face in order to claim their quote of grains. With the implementation of ‘one nation, one ration card’, we can hope that there will be some relief to them.

Also Read: Nutrition Expert Lauds The Gates Foundation And Government Partnership For Improving Public Health And Nutrition

However, he pointed out that mandating Aadhar linking under the system can be problematic. This is because everyone may not have Aadhaar cards and also sometimes, the fingerprints of people engaged in construction labour and domestic work may change or fade and may not match with the ones entered in Aadhar, he said. In case of a mismatch of the bio-metrics, ration shop dealer can deny foodgrains to the beneficiaries.

PDS was started in India in 1947 to distribute food items to the poor at subsidised rates. Later in 2013, it was revamped and strengthened with the enactment of the National Food Security Act, (NFSA) 2013, Mr. Pandeer informed. Under NFSA, the government is obliged to give subsidised foodgrains every month to the beneficiaries identified by each state government on the basis of the economic status of households.

Implemented in all states and Union Territories, PDS is currently covering about 81.35 crore persons identified by each state government via more than 5 Lakh ration shops across the country, as per the estimates of the Department of Food and Public Distribution.

Also Read: Eat Right India: An Initiative To Reduce Country’s Disease Burden

While PDS has helped in ensuring food security to the people belonging to AAY category or the poorest of the poor, experts say that there are still a large number of people who are left out of PDS like those who are constantly migrating, for example, the nomadic tribes, or those who do not have their Aadhar cards linked with their ration cards. They also say that weak monitoring at the ration shop level is a major concern and recommend that social audit which measures the performance of a programme in the community must be done regularly.

According to experts, the country is currently far from ending hunger by 2030. It should be noted that the Sustainable Development Goals Index 2019-20 recently released by National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog) show that the country as a whole is performing very poorly on targets under SDG 2: Ending hunger by 2030. The NITI Aayog found a sharp fall of 13 points – from a score of 48 marks in 2018 to 35 marks in 2019. This means that the country has performed poorly in 2019 as compared to 2018 in working towards achieving SDG 2. The analysis of NITI Aayog highlights that the fall in the aforementioned score has happened due to the lag in the efforts in 10 states – Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttarakhand, and West Bengal. All these states were performing better in the previous year. The report says that the reason for the decline in 2019 as compared to 2018 is due to the increase in stunting (low height for age) among children under five years of age in these states along with a slight decrease in the efficient implementation of PDS in rural areas.

Also Read: Malnutrition In India: Has This Decade Laid Down A Blueprint For A Malnutrition-Free India?

World

26,14,68,997Cases
22,22,61,229Active
3,40,08,183Recovered
51,99,585Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 196 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 26,14,68,997 and 51,99,585 have died; 22,22,61,229 are active cases and 3,40,08,183 have recovered as on November 29, 2021 at 3:42 am.

India

3,45,72,523 8,774Cases
1,05,6911,328Active
3,39,98,278 9,481Recovered
4,68,554 621Deaths
In India, there are 3,45,72,523 confirmed cases including 4,68,554 deaths. The number of active cases is 1,05,691 and 3,39,98,278 have recovered as on November 28, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

66,33,612 507

11,905 248

64,80,799 738

1,40,908 17

Kerala

51,29,359 4,741

49,152 957

50,40,528 5,144

39,679 554

Karnataka

29,95,285 322

6,783 143

29,50,306 176

38,196 3

Tamil Nadu

27,24,731 740

8,382 36

26,79,895 765

36,454 11

Andhra Pradesh

20,72,446 248

2,158 5

20,55,856 253

14,432

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,373 5

86 5

16,87,377 9

22,910 1

West Bengal

16,14,152 701

7,820 27

15,86,882 717

19,450 11

Delhi

14,40,834 27

290 11

14,15,448 37

25,096 1

Odisha

10,48,492 264

2,222 6

10,37,864 255

8,406 3

Chhattisgarh

10,06,733 27

326 7

9,92,814 20

13,593

Rajasthan

9,54,741 26

187 13

9,45,599 13

8,955

Gujarat

8,27,382 28

291 17

8,16,999 45

10,092

Madhya Pradesh

7,93,120 23

112 9

7,82,480 14

10,528

Haryana

7,71,654 11

159 1

7,61,441 10

10,054

Bihar

7,26,212 3

39 6

7,16,510 9

9,663

Telangana

6,75,479 160

3,545 11

6,67,946 148

3,988 1

Assam

6,16,435 123

2,720 71

6,07,624 189

6,091 5

Punjab

6,03,190 17

313 22

5,86,284 39

16,593

Jharkhand

3,49,216 20

109 0

3,43,967 20

5,140

Uttarakhand

3,44,183 14

150 6

3,36,626 8

7,407

Jammu And Kashmir

3,36,386 149

1,724 5

3,30,189 141

4,473 3

Himachal Pradesh

2,26,941 82

809 18

2,22,287 97

3,845 3

Goa

1,78,839 40

275 9

1,75,183 31

3,381

Mizoram

1,34,279 358

4,117 110

1,29,672 466

490 2

Puducherry

1,28,860 35

326 5

1,26,662 30

1,872

Manipur

1,25,117 19

673 1

1,22,474 18

1,970 2

Tripura

84,784 13

89 9

83,874 3

821 1

Meghalaya

84,414 20

308 27

82,635 44

1,471 3

Chandigarh

65,443 5

52 4

64,571 1

820

Arunachal Pradesh

55,269 9

37 4

54,952 5

280

Sikkim

32,211 4

114 5

31,694 9

403

Nagaland

32,100 4

135 1

31,269 5

696

Ladakh

21,494 27

249 6

21,032 21

213

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,683

1 0

10,678

4

Lakshadweep

10,394

28 1

10,315 1

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,680 2

5 2

7,546

129

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1 Comment

1 Comment

  1. Ahmed Hussain

    December 11, 2020 at 10:10 pm

    One Nation one Ration card

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