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Coronavirus State Report

Coronavirus Pandemic Roundup: 60 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases Are In The Top Five States Worst Affected By The Pandemic

According to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh are the worst hit by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic

Coronavirus Pandemic Roundup: 60 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases Are In The Top Five States Worst Affected By The Pandemic
Highlights
  • The five worst-hit states account for 59.3% of the total recoveries: Centre
  • Positivity rate of Maharashtra is 20.4%, much higher than India’s 8.5%
  • Andhra Pradesh has done maximum tests per million among worst-hit states

New Delhi: According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), India is the second worst-affected country by total confirmed cases (56,46,010) and active cases (9,68,377) and third worst in the world in terms of fatalities (90,020). One in every seven active cases and one in every 11 COVID-19 deaths globally are from India. The data provided by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) shows that the last one million cases in the country have come in just 11 days. The top five states that have been hit the worst by the pandemic are Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh. These five states have the highest confirmed and active cases and contribute to about 60 per cent of India’s total confirmed cases. However, these five are also the states that are reporting the highest number of recoveries and account for almost 59.3 per cent of the total recoveries in the country (45,87,613), the health ministry said on Friday (September 18) in its daily briefing on COVID-19. Here is a quick lowdown on the status of COVID-19 pandemic in the top five worst-affected states in the country.

Coronavirus Pandemic Roundup: 60 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases Are In The Top Five States Worst Affected By The Pandemic

Status of COVID-19 in top 5 worst affected states in comparison to India as a whole

Also Read: Only 60 Districts In 7 States Are A Cause Of Worry For India, Need To Increase Testing, Tracing And Treatment: PM Modi At COVID-19 Review Meet

Case Statistics In The Top Five Worst Hit States

The Union Health Ministry’s data shows that Maharashtra is the worst affected state by the pandemic with a count of over 12.4 lakh (12,42,770) cases, as on September 23. It also has the highest number of active cases (2,72,809), recovered cases (9,36,554) and deaths (33,407).

Coronavirus Pandemic Roundup: 60 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases Are In The Top Five States Worst Affected By The Pandemic

Status of COVID-19 cases in Maharashtra

Andhra Pradesh (AP) is the second state after Maharashtra to report over six lakh (6,39,302) cases. AP has reported over 71,000 (71,465) active cases, 5.62 lakh (5,62,376) recoveries and over 5,000 (5,461) fatalities.

Coronavirus Pandemic Roundup: 60 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases Are In The Top Five States Worst Affected By The Pandemic

Status of COVID-19 cases in Andhra Pradesh

In neighbouring Tamil Nadu (TN), there have been 5.52 lakh (5,52,674) cases which include over 46,000 (46,350) active cases, 4.9 lakh (4,97,377) recovered cases and over 8,000 (8,947) deaths.

Coronavirus Pandemic Roundup: 60 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases Are In The Top Five States Worst Affected By The Pandemic

Status of COVID-19 cases in Tamil Nadu

It’s neighbour Karnataka has reported over 5.33 lakh (5,33,850) total cases, as of now that include over 90,000 (93,172) active cases, 4.3 lakh (4,32,450) recovered cases and over 8,000 (8,228) deaths.

Coronavirus Pandemic Roundup: 60 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases Are In The Top Five States Worst Affected By The Pandemic

Status of COVID-19 cases in Karnataka

In the northern state of Uttar Pradesh (UP), there are a total of 3.64 lakh (3,64,543) cases, as of September 23 with over 63,000 (63,148) active cases, 2.9 lakh (2,96,183) recovered cases and over 5,000 (5,212) deaths.

Coronavirus Pandemic Roundup: 60 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases Are In The Top Five States Worst Affected By The Pandemic

Status of COVID-19 cases in Uttar Pradesh

In terms of positivity rate, that reflects the proportion of people who test positive among those who are tested, Maharashtra is the worst performing state with a positivity rate of 20.4 per cent which is significantly higher than the national average of 8.5 per cent. Andhra Pradesh (12.1 per cent) and Karnataka (12.2 per cent) also have a positivity rate higher than the national average. Tamil Nadu (8.5 per cent), on the other hand, has a positivity rate that is at par with the national average while in UP (4.2 per cent), the positivity rate is below the national average.

Also Read: Researchers Find Diminished Response By ‘Killer’ T Cells In Elderly COVID-19 Patients

If we talk about what epidemiologists call as “flattening of the curve” or the scenario where the number of daily new cases are slowing down, which is also considered as the first positive indicator of the pandemic coming under control, as per experts, the situation in the top five states is alarming. As of September 18, there has been no sign of “flattening of the curve” in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh. However, in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, over the past 10 days, there has been a slight decrease in the 7-day moving average of daily new cases which provides initial signs of flattening of the curve. A 7-day moving average is a trend indicator which is calculated simply as the average of the new cases reported in the last seven days and gives a series of averages. This helps in ironing out the irregularity and fluctuations in the data by creating a constantly updated average of daily new cases. In the data, where per day fluctuations are too high, 5-day or 3-day moving averages can be used for analysis.

‘R’ rate is another common indicator that can help understand the status of the pandemic in the worst affected states. ‘R’ or the Reproduction Rate indicates a measure of how many people are infected by one person. For example, if ‘R’ is 2, it indicates that one person who is infected with COVID-19 will on an average infect two other people. Those two persons will each go on to infect two more persons and so the transmission continues to spread among the people. According to Professor Sitabhra Sinha, Institute of Mathematical Sciences (IMS), Chennai, ‘R’ needs to be driven below 1 for the pandemic to slowly fade away.

The ‘R’ rate of the country continues to be more than 1 and on September 18 it stood at 1.06. Three out of the top five worst-affected states in the country have ‘R’ rate of more than 1. In Maharashtra, ‘R’ rate was as high as 6.25 on March 15 which declined to 1.58, thanks to the stringent lockdown. However, since then ‘R’ has been almost the same and as on September 18, it was 1.11. In Uttar Pradesh (1.02) and Karnataka (1.02) also, the pandemic does not seem to be slowing down as the ‘R’ has been upward of 1 since the start of the pandemic.

Also Read: DCGI Issues Guidelines For Pharma Giants Manufacturing COVID-19 Vaccine, Mandates Atleast 50 Per Cent Efficacy

Tamil Nadu (0.97) and Andhra Pradesh (0.93) have been successful in driving ‘R’ below 1 but it is still close to 1. Tamil Nadu (a state where the authorities need to be praised for using only RT-PCR tests and not the less reliable Rapid Antigen Test). But, there has been a worrying uptick in R recently – and while the level of R is still around 1.0, the rising trend in R is a cause for concern. Last month, the state of Andhra Pradesh seemed to have improved as it was showing a downward trend. Thus, urgent measures are needed to ensure that the earlier momentum is not lost. The country’s largest state, Uttar Pradesh, has had a consistently high ‘R’ and the virus has been spreading rapidly.

Testing Landscape In Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka And Uttar Pradesh

There are currently, 1,768 testing facilities in the country out of which 94 are in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka has 135, Maharashtra has 165, Tamil Nadu has 174 and Uttar Pradesh has 192 testing facilities.

Coronavirus Pandemic Roundup: 60 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases Are In The Top Five States Worst Affected By The Pandemic

Testing facilities in top five worst affected states

As of September 18, in Andhra Pradesh tests per million population conducted by the state is around 95,000 which means that for every 10 lakh people in the state, 95,000 samples were tested. It is significantly higher than neighbours Tamil Nadu and Karnataka that have conducted over 83,000 and about 63,000 tests per million respectively. Maharashtra has, on the other hand, conducted even less, 46,000 tests per million and Uttar Pradesh has conducted on about 37,000 tests per million. Thus, Andra Pradesh turns out to be a leader in testing while Uttar Pradesh, a state with the highest population lags woefully behind and needs to ramp up its testing significantly.

Coronavirus Pandemic Roundup: 60 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases Are In The Top Five States Worst Affected By The Pandemic

Tests per million population done in the five worst-affected states

Also Read: Daily Recoveries From COVID-19 More Than New Infections Reported Per Day For Past Four Days: Government

Essential Healthcare Facilities

According to the Department of Health, Medical and Family Welfare, Andhra Pradesh, there are 19 (4 government and 15 private) COVID dedicated hospitals that are equipped to provide care to severely ill patients, 67 (18 government and 49 private) COVID Healthcare Centres that provide care for all cases that have been clinically assigned as moderate, and 275 COVID Care Centres that provide care for cases that have been clinically assigned as mild, very mild or suspect cases.

As on September 18, Andhra Pradesh has 21,254 hospital beds, 86,816 quarantine beds, 34,844 quarantine room and 3,519 quarantine halls.

Coronavirus Pandemic Roundup: 60 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases Are In The Top Five States Worst Affected By The Pandemic

Status of healthcare facilities for COVID-19 in Andhra Pradesh

In Tamil Nadu, there are 240 private hospitals, 166 government hospitals, and 29 COVID Care Centres, according to the state’s Health and Family Welfare department.

Coronavirus Pandemic Roundup: 60 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases Are In The Top Five States Worst Affected By The Pandemic

Status of healthcare facilities for COVID-19 in Tamil Nadu

In Maharashtra, there are 533 COVID dedicated hospitals with 47,401 isolation beds and 10,238 ICU (Intensive Care Unit) beds; 833 Dedicated Health centres with 47,301 isolation beds and 4,520 ICU beds; 1,936 COVID Care Centres with 2,55,363 isolation beds, as per the data provided by the Public Health Department of Maharashtra.

Coronavirus Pandemic Roundup: 60 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases Are In The Top Five States Worst Affected By The Pandemic

Status of healthcare facilities for COVID-19 in Maharashtra

In Karnataka, there are 33 dedicated hospitals, 246 quarantine centres and 323 isolation centres.

Coronavirus Pandemic Roundup: 60 Per Cent Of COVID-19 Cases Are In The Top Five States Worst Affected By The Pandemic

Status of healthcare facilities for COVID-19 in Karnataka

Uttar Pradesh has 25 hospitals that are equipped to care for critical patients, 75 hospitals dedicated to COVID patients with moderate symptoms and 326 COVID Care Centres.

Uttar Pradesh has 25 hospitals that are equipped to care for critical patients, 75 hospitals dedicated to COVID patients with moderate symptoms and 326 COVID Care Centres.

Status of healthcare facilities for COVID-19 in Uttar Pradesh

According to Dr Subhash Salunke, Senior Advisor with Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI), to be able to control the surging cases, the states are highly recommended to rope in the citizens to take responsibility for themselves amid the ongoing pandemic. As the lockdown continues to relax, the movement of the people is increasing, thus making it even easier for the virus to spread. He further recommends easing access to testing. He also recommends improving care for critical patients in order to save lives.

Also Read: 30 COVID-19 Vaccine Candidates Under Development: Union Minister Harsh Vardhan

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

23,96,06,768Cases
20,13,42,617Active
3,33,82,100Recovered
48,82,051Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 23,96,06,768 and 48,82,051 have died; 20,13,42,617 are active cases and 3,33,82,100 have recovered as on October 15, 2021 at 4:15 am.

India

3,40,37,592 16,862Cases
2,03,6782,908Active
3,33,82,100 19,391Recovered
4,51,814 379Deaths
In India, there are 3,40,37,592 confirmed cases including 4,51,814 deaths. The number of active cases is 2,03,678 and 3,33,82,100 have recovered as on October 15, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

65,86,280 2,384

33,157 6

64,13,418 2,343

1,39,705 35

Kerala

48,29,944 9,246

96,421 1,802

47,06,856 10,952

26,667 96

Karnataka

29,82,399 310

9,607 43

29,34,870 347

37,922 6

Tamil Nadu

26,83,396 1,259

15,451 199

26,32,092 1,438

35,853 20

Andhra Pradesh

20,59,122 540

6,588 27

20,38,248 557

14,286 10

Uttar Pradesh

17,10,008 12

135 4

16,86,976 16

22,897

West Bengal

15,79,012 530

7,576 81

15,52,491 601

18,945 10

Delhi

14,39,311 28

337 1

14,13,885 29

25,089

Odisha

10,33,809 521

4,890 38

10,20,645 477

8,274 6

Chhattisgarh

10,05,614 16

203 4

9,91,841 20

13,570

Rajasthan

9,54,382 8

42 6

9,45,386 2

8,954

Gujarat

8,26,244 34

215 20

8,15,943 14

10,086

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,669 12

111 1

7,82,035 11

10,523

Haryana

7,71,035 16

105 158

7,60,881

10,049 174

Bihar

7,26,016 8

42 6

7,16,313 2

9,661

Telangana

6,68,618 168

4,171 40

6,60,512 207

3,935 1

Assam

6,05,847 207

3,646 157

5,96,263 362

5,938 2

Punjab

6,01,971 33

234 11

5,85,199 16

16,538 6

Jharkhand

3,48,406 11

130 4

3,43,141 7

5,135

Uttarakhand

3,43,729 28

175 22

3,36,157 6

7,397

Jammu And Kashmir

3,30,834 93

935 11

3,25,473 104

4,426

Himachal Pradesh

2,21,113 182

1,387 5

2,16,011 173

3,715 4

Goa

1,77,356 68

679 27

1,73,342 39

3,335 2

Puducherry

1,27,259 49

647 4

1,24,763 53

1,849

Manipur

1,22,432 69

1,444 15

1,19,099 84

1,889

Mizoram

1,10,719 901

13,601 435

96,744 1,332

374 4

Tripura

84,295 4

110 8

83,369 12

816

Meghalaya

82,734 87

892 31

80,411 115

1,431 3

Chandigarh

65,295 10

32 5

64,443 15

820

Arunachal Pradesh

54,958 4

202 22

54,476 26

280

Sikkim

31,722 6

224 1

31,108 7

390

Nagaland

31,516 9

230 8

30,613 17

673

Ladakh

20,867 6

44 2

20,615 4

208

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,675

3 1

10,668 1

4

Lakshadweep

10,365

2 0

10,312

51

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,640 3

10 1

7,501 2

129

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