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Open Defecation Free

Bihar’s Sitamarhi Becomes The First ODF District In The State

Construction of over two lakh toilets in the last two months ensured that Sitamarhi became the first ODF district in Bihar

Sitamarhi becomes Bihar's first open defecation free
  • Sitamarhi becomes the first ODF district in Bihar
  • More than five lakh households in the district have toilets
  • Bihar needs to construct over six lakh toilets to go ODF by October 2019

New Delhi: Success had eluded Bihar for nearly four years of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, as the state was often pointed out as the worst performing in terms of progress made in toilet construction. Bihar finally made its presence felt in the sanitation mission, as the district of Sitamarhi became the first open defecation free (ODF) district of the state. Though, for now Sitamarhi remains the only ODF district in the state, But Bihar’s first ODF district is expected to pave the way for rest of the districts to attain the ODF tag.

With dismal sanitation coverage of 21.3 per cent till 2014, Sitamarhi was not different from other districts of Bihar with poor individual household toilet coverage. In the three and a half years that followed, massive awareness campaigns were held in the district. Swachhagrahis were asked to visit households across the district, explain to people about the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and motivate them to build toilets. The assignment of one nodal officer for 200 households ensured that no household missed constructing a toilet. All the over 5 lakh (5,11,987) households in Sitamarhi now boast of household toilets.

We are proud to become the first ODF district in the state. We worked towards this achievement from October 2014, but the real push came in the past two months, when around two lakh toilets were constructed. A number of volunteers from NGOs, self-help groups, Anganwadis had come together in the last two months to construct the toilets throughout the district, said Ranjit Kumar Singh, District Magistrate, Sitamarhi.

From organising for special awareness drives to educating people about the ills of open defecation to monitoring newly constructed toilets so that people have no qualms about using them, the Sitamarhi district administration has been active in working towards its ODF goals. The district administration plans to continue these community involvement events which give the administration a fertile platform to spread messages on sanitation. After the ODF declaration on July 19, the district administration arranged for a cycle rally, thanking Sitamarhi residents for their participation in the ODF campaign. The district administration also disbursed  Rs 12,000 per toilet to 50,000 beneficiary households on July 21.

Also Read: Narendra Modi Addresses 20,000 ‘Swachhagrahis’ In Bihar As Chalo Champaran Comes To An End

“The large number of households in the district made it difficult for Sitamarhi to achieve the ODF status, but credit must be given to the district administration and people of Sitamarhi. Sitamarhi’s status as an ODF district will surely motivate other districts to follow similar programmes of toilet construction, with participation from the locals,” said Rajiv Kumar Singh, Bihar State Coordinator for sanitation, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

Sitamarhi’s ODF status comes at an important juncture for Bihar, which aims to go ODF by October 2, 2019. Presently, the state needs to construct another 6 lakh toilets across its 37 remaining districts.

Also Read: To Go ODF, Residents Of Bihar’s Sitamarhi District Dug Over 56,000 Toilet Pits In A Single Day

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swachh India campaign lends support to the Government of India’s Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM). Helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan, the campaign aims to spread awareness about hygiene and sanitation, the importance of building toilets and making India open defecation free (ODF) by October 2019, a target set by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, when he launched Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in 2014. Over the years, the campaign has widened its scope to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and menstrual hygiene. The campaign has also focused extensively on marine pollutionclean Ganga Project and rejuvenation of Yamuna, two of India’s major river bodies.

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