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National Family Health Survey 6: A Comprehensive Snapshot of India’s Health and Well-being

The previous rounds, NFHS-2, NFHS-3, NFHS-4, and NFHS-5, have played pivotal roles in shaping policies and programs while addressing the country’s evolving health challenges

National Family Health Survey 6: A Comprehensive Snapshot of India's Health and Well-being
NFHS series has been instrumental in fortifying India's database on health and family welfare since its inception in the early 1990s.

Jammu and Kashmir: In a remarkable endeavour to assess the nation’s demographic and health landscape, India is preparing for the sixth edition of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-6). This crucial initiative, spearheaded by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), aims to provide accurate and reliable data on health and family welfare indicators, shedding light on emerging issues affecting the nation. This time, the NFHS-6 is poised to be a groundbreaking milestone as it takes place under the sole leadership of the Government of India. NFHS series has been instrumental in fortifying India’s database on health and family welfare since its inception in the early 1990s.

Also Read: NFHS 5 Phase II Highlights: Anaemia, Obesity On The Rise In India

The previous rounds, NFHS-2, NFHS-3, NFHS-4, and NFHS-5, have played pivotal roles in shaping policies and programs while addressing the country’s evolving health challenges. This new edition, NFHS-6, will carry forward this legacy, contributing to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare’s decision-making process by providing crucial information and data-driven insights.

Building on the success of NFHS-4, which is considered a benchmark in India’s pursuit of Sustainable Development Goals, the scope of NFHS-6 has been expanded significantly.

The survey will cover all 28 states and 8 union territories, ensuring that estimates of key indicators reach the district level in all 731 districts across the country. To achieve this, the NFHS-6 sample size is expected to encompass approximately 676,800 households in 371 districts.

Comtech IT Education Trust, a renowned data management and market research provider, has been entrusted with the critical task of conducting fieldwork in the Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. Leveraging their extensive experience in data collection and analysis, particularly from hard-to-reach and rural populations, Comtech IT Education Trust will play a pivotal role in gathering accurate and comprehensive information as per the survey schedules framed by the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS).

Radhika Sharma, the director of Comtech IT Education Trust, expressed their dedication to the NFHS-6 project, saying,

We are honoured to be part of this nationwide endeavour to capture valuable data on health and family welfare. Our team is committed to conducting thorough and meticulous surveys in Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, ensuring that the voices of every household are heard and their experiences accurately documented.

Fieldwork for NFHS-6 is divided into two phases. In the first phase, a total of 1,056 primary sampling units (PSUs) have been meticulously mapped, capturing both residential and non-residential structures. Following the randomization process, 20 to 22 households have been selected from each PSU for the second phase.

In this crucial phase, Comtech IT Education Trust’s dedicated team of 154 investigators, recruited from various districts of Jammu and Kashmir, will visit these households for interviews and clinical, anthropometric, and biochemical (CAB) testing.

Also Read: NFHS Survey Finds More Women Than Men In India

To ensure the quality and reliability of the collected data, the NFHS-6 fieldwork will employ computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) on mini-notebook computers. Height and weight measurements for women aged 15-49, men aged 15-54, and children under 5 years will be included, along with blood glucose and hypertension measurements. Additionally, a subsample of respondents will provide finger-stick blood samples for laboratory testing of Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV.

Moreover, NFHS-6 will tackle emerging issues that are integral to India’s health landscape. The survey will shed light on topics such as financial and digital inclusion of women, and COVID-19-related issues including infections, hospitalization, deaths, vaccination, and financial burdens.

The provision of printed informative brochures in local languages on blood pressure, blood glucose, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV demonstrates the comprehensive and inclusive approach of the survey.

As the field investigators from Comtech IT Education Trust traverse the diverse landscapes of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, they will strive to collect data that truly reflects the ground reality. With a team comprised of nearly 60% female field investigators, the NFHS-6 data collection process also reflects a commitment to gender inclusivity and empowering women.

National Family Health Survey has long been a cornerstone in India’s pursuit of better health outcomes for its citizens. NFHS-6, with its expanded scope and comprehensive approach, promises to provide policymakers, researchers, and communities with invaluable insights into the nation’s health and family welfare landscape. Through the dedication and expertise of organizations like Comtech IT Education Trust, this vital survey will help shape evidence-based policies and interventions, ultimately contributing to the well-being of the Indian population.

Also Read: Maharashtra Records 15 Per Cent Increase In Child Anaemia, Neonatal Mortality: National Family Health Survey

(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

NDTV – Dettol have been working towards a clean and healthy India since 2014 via the Banega Swachh India initiative, which is helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. The campaign aims to highlight the inter-dependency of humans and the environment, and of humans on one another with the focus on One Health, One Planet, One Future – Leaving No One Behind. It stresses on the need to take care of, and consider, everyone’s health in India – especially vulnerable communities – the LGBTQ populationindigenous people, India’s different tribes, ethnic and linguistic minorities, people with disabilities, migrants, geographically remote populations, gender and sexual minorities. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign will continue to raise awareness on the same along with focussing on the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children, fight malnutrition, mental wellbeing, self care, science and health, adolescent health & gender awareness. Along with the health of people, the campaign has realised the need to also take care of the health of the eco-system. Our environment is fragile due to human activity, which is not only over-exploiting available resources, but also generating immense pollution as a result of using and extracting those resources. The imbalance has also led to immense biodiversity loss that has caused one of the biggest threats to human survival – climate change. It has now been described as a “code red for humanity.” The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene. Banega Swasth India will also be taking forward the dream of Swasth Bharat, the campaign feels that only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diarrhoea and the country can become a Swasth or healthy India.

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