Can India Piggy Bank On Food Fortification To Achieve The Goal Of POSHAN Abhiyaan?

Can India Piggy Bank On Food Fortification To Achieve The Goal Of POSHAN Abhiyaan?

National Nutrition Month 2020: Food fortification is considered one of the best ways to add micronutrients in staple food items without changing its taste, aroma or texture
National Nutrition Month: Can India Piggy Bank On Food Fortification To Achieve The Goal Of POSHAN Abhiyaan?Nutrition Month: One of the targets of the POSHAN Abhiyaan is to bring down stunting (low height for age) of the children in the age group of 0-6 years from 38.4 per cent to 25 per cent by the year 2022
Highlights
  • Food fortification is the process of adding vital micronutrients in food
  • In India, fortification of iodization of salt was mandated in 1962
  • Fortified food is not the only way to eradicate malnutrition: Experts

New Delhi: In 2016, the Akshaya Patra Foundation along with the Government of Karnataka took up the initiative to improve the nutritional quality of meals served under mid-day meal through food fortification. Fortification involves the addition of micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) to foods irrespective of whether or not the nutrients were originally present in the food. At the start of the project, a baseline study covering around 2,000 students was conducted which revealed that 16.9 per cent of children were afflicted with stunting (low height for age)and 28.6 per cent were found to be underweight. Under the project, mid-day meals prepared with fortified rice (having additional minerals and vitamins) and other staples were given to children. The increase in intake of micronutrients through fortified food is reflected as after just two years, the project noted about 9 per cent reduction in underweight cases, 3.8 per cent decrease in stunting and 3.5 per cent in wasting (low weight for height).

Also Read: POSHAN Maah 2020: Three Different Ways Of Food Fortification Explained

Under the aegis of the Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition or POSHAN Abhiyaan, India aims to bring down the levels of various forms of malnutrition – a medical condition caused due to an unbalanced diet. One of the targets of the POSHAN Abhiyaan is to bring down stunting (low height for age) of the children in the age group of 0-6 years from 38.4 per cent to 25 per cent by the year 2022.

In August 2019, while talking about health and nutrition, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had said,

Health and nutrition are the priority areas of our government. Health remains one of the key areas in our quest of building an inclusive and new India. An integral part of our vision is achieving ‘kuposhan mukt bharat’ (malnutrition-free India) by 2022.

To tackle the crisis of malnutrition, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has been promoting food fortification. But can India rely on food fortification to eradicate malnutrition and achieve the goal of malnutrition free India?

Also Read: Poshan Maah 2020: What Has Been The Impact Of COVID-19 Pandemic On India’s Malnutrition Targets

Food Fortification And Its Impact On Malnutrition

A human body needs both macro nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, fats) and micro nutrients (vitamins and minerals). Deficiencies, excesses or imbalance in a person’s intake of one or more vital nutrients can cause malnutrition. Worldwide including in India, the three most common forms of micronutrient deficiencies are iron, vitamin A and iodine.

Micronutrient deficiency disorders (MNDs) have many adverse effects on human health, not all of which are clinically evident. Even moderate levels of deficiency can have serious detrimental effects on human functioning along with profound implications for economic development and productivity, particularly in terms of potentially huge public health costs and the loss of human capital formation, explains Bishow Parajuli, Country Director, World Food Programme.

Also Read: All About Food Fortification And How It Can Make India A Healthy Country

According to the health experts, adequate nutrition is a key for the full brain development of young children, most of which take place within the first two years of birth. Adolescence girls, pregnant women and lactating mothers also need nutrition for their growth as a healthy woman can produce healthy babies.

There are three ways to consume micro nutrients – eating food rich is essential micro nutrients; supplements like calcium pills, multi vitamin tablets; fortified food. Fortification simply means adding essential nutrients in staples like wheat flour, rice, oil, salt, and others, without changing the taste, aroma or texture.

Also Read: Poshan Month: Understanding Nutrition, What To Have And What To Avoid

India has been promoting fortified food since the 50s; fortification of Vanaspati was mandated in 1953 and iodization of salt was mandated in 1962. The mandatory ‘Universal Salt Iodization’ has addressed the major public health challenge of iodine deficiency disorders especially goiter in the country. Elaborating more on the role of food fortification in providing essential micro nutrients, Bishow Parajuli said,

Fortification generally aims to supply micronutrients in amounts that approximate to those provided by a good, well-balanced diet. Consequently, fortified staple foods will contain natural or near natural levels of micronutrients, which may not necessarily be the case with supplements. It is a cost-effective intervention and it does not require any behaviour change in existing food patterns on part of the consumer.

But is food fortification the only way to eradicate malnutrition? Dr Rajiv Tandon, Health Director, RTI, International India believes that fortified food can help but it’s not the only way out. He said,

Food fortification is no magic wand. Imagine a situation where macro nutrients are not available to you then even if you do ensure fortification it will not help. For nutrition security, we need a complete nutritious diet, on a regular basis, to everybody across different social economic strata.

Also Read: Poshan Maah: Focus On Identifying Acutely Malnourished Children, Planting Nutri Gardens, Says Government To States

In its guidelines, FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) has also titled food fortification as a ‘complementary strategy’ rather than a ‘replacement of balanced, diversified diets’ to address malnutrition. Dietary diversification is indeed the best choice but in the current scenario it may be difficult to achieve by everyone, therefore, a more universal approach is required. As explained by FSSAI, fortification only bridges the gap between the need and actual consumption of required micronutrients through food.

Dr Arun Gupta, Paediatrician and Central Coordinator of Breastfeeding Promotion Network of India (BPNI), is of the opinion that food fortification is just one small part of the process. He said it’s not a solution to the nutrition deficit and food and added,

Exclusive breastfeeding is inadequate during the first 6 months. Only a small percentage of children under two receive optimal feeding. About 10-20 percent babies get minimum acceptable diet or diverse foods as part of complementary feeding. I wonder how fortifications will bridge this gap.

According to Bishow Parajuli, food fortification will work better and faster if implemented along with other strategies such as dietary diversification, supplementation, social behaviour changes communication and public health measures. He added,

For food fortification to address anaemia and micronutrient deficiencies at a population level, it is important that fortified foods are consumed in adequate amounts over long periods of time by large sections of the community.

Also Read: National Nutrition Month: Benefits Of Eating Locally Produced Nutritious Foods At Complementary Feeding Stage

How Is The Government Promoting Food Fortification And What More Can Be Done?

In 2018, FSSAI introduced a new F+ label for fortified foods and mandated it for the brands to print the logo. Mr Parajuli believes that the mandate has helped with popularising the use of fortified commodities within a restricted section of the society and there is more that needs to be done.

The Food Safety and Standards (Fortification of Foods) Regulations, 2018 provides an opportunity for voluntary fortification. With my experience in Bangladesh and other countries, I would suggest a mandatory fortification of staple foods along with strong food safety, regulatory enforcement, monitoring and penalty measures along with very robust quality assurance and quality control measures. The monitoring at district and below would be the key, suggested Basanta Kar.

Also Read: National Nutrition Week: What Is NOVA Classification Of Food And How It Can Help In Making An Informed Choice?

In 2019, the government of India approved the Centrally Sponsored Pilot Scheme on ‘Fortification of Rice and its Distribution under Public Distribution System’. As part of the scheme, rice will be fortified with Iron, Folic Acid and Vitamin B-12. The Pilot Scheme has been approved for a period of three year beginning 2019-20 and will focus on 15 districts, preferably one district per State during the initial phase of implementation.

Fortified rice will also be distributed under ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) as well as the mid-day meal scheme in the selected districts. Further, both the Ministry of Women and Child Development and Education have issued guidelines to the states for use of fortified oil, wheat flour, rice and double-fortified salt (having iron and iodine) in the preparation of the hot cooked meals provided under the ICDS and the Mid-day meal scheme.

Also Read: Poshan Maah 2020: ‘Proper Nutrition Is Vital To Build A Prosperous Nation,’ Says Prime Minister Narendra Modi

Both Dr Arun Gupta and Mr Parajuli are of the opinion that going forward, the government needs to move out of the campaign and issuance of guidelines mode to working on the ground. Mr Parajuli also suggested convergence of all stakeholders to strategise and push for fortified food both in the open market as well as the food-based safety nets. This has been noted to be an important success factor in other countries such as Costa Rica. He added,

It is time for the government to mainstream all fortified foods in its food based safety nets and provide an assured market to the private sector. This will enable the private sector to make the necessary investment needed for fortification.

Also Read: “Nutrition Is More Than food, More Than Hunger,” UNICEF India’s Arjan De Wagt Talks About The Impact Of COVID-19 On Poshan Abhiyan 

While addressing nutrition, there are two kinds of interventions – nutrition specific and nutrition sensitive. While nutrition specific interventions involve giving rebate on ration, breastfeeding, complementary feeding, among others, nutrition sensitive covers all other factors responsible for a well nutritious child like safe drinking water, safe sanitation, and others. Talking about how nutrition sensitive interventions can help in eradicating the problem of malnutrition, Basanta Kumar Kar, a recipient of the Global Nutrition Leadership Award, said,

Addressing malnutrition requires an investment in Atmanirbhar POSHAN (nutritional self-reliance). This is an important lesson from the novel COVID-19. Each district should be self-sufficient in the production of minimum of six food groups necessary for children and women who are hardest hit. Food fortification, supplementation, dietary diversity, management of excess salt, sugar and fat in the diet, infection management, deworming medication, proper waste management and good WASH practices are necessary to address malnutrition and micronutrient deficiency. It requires investment in the first one thousand days of life as the first window of opportunity and adolescent girls as a second window of opportunity.

Also Read: Food Safety Authority Promotes Healthy Eating Habits And Food Sustainability Through A District Level Competition

Has The Role Of Food Fortification Become Even More Important During COVID-19 Pandemic?

The Coronavirus pandemic has affected various government schemes aimed at providing nutritious food to children and pregnant and lactating women. The pandemic has led to loss of livelihoods which has further impacted the purchasing power, to add to the disruption, production and supply chain has been disrupted, and as per Mr Parajuli there has been dietary diversity-shift to more shelf-stable and pre-packaged foods. Considering this, the role of food fortification has become important more than ever.

All of the food-based safety nets provide rice and/or wheat flour as the main staples, which could be fortified and distributed to limit the impact of reduced dietary diversity, suggested Mr Parajuli.

Also Read: Poshan Maah 2020: How ‘Saathealth’, A Digital Platform Is Making India’s Children Live A Healthy Life

Contrary to this, Dr Arun Gupta believes that the focus needs to be on food based approaches than their fortification. Once that is achieved, government can evaluate public health deficiency following which decision on fortification can be taken.

Governments can fight during Corona by adding additional funds and food for the poor, said Dr Gupta.

Mr Basanta Kar predicts coronavirus pandemic leading to nutrition vulnerability specifically among the women and children and migrants who are hardest hit due to disruption of services and supplies. To address the same, he reiterated the idea of nutritional self-reliance and added,

The local food system has to be accountable, inclusive and responsible. The people and specifically women and children should be able to access safe and nutritious diets so as to prevent food borne diseases, co-morbidity and co-infection. Nutrition should be a household name and there has to be Jan Andolan (people’s movement) with women leading at the front.

Also Read: How Has COVID-19 Impacted The Nutritional Status Of India’s Children? An On-Ground Report From Non-Profit Organisation CRY

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

6,03,21,440Cases
2,02,30,230Active
3,86,71,119Recovered
14,20,091Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 191 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 6,03,21,440 and 14,20,091 have died; 2,02,30,230 are active cases and 3,86,71,119 have recovered as on November 26, 2020 at 3:37 am.

India

92,66,705 44489Cases
4,52,344 7598Active
86,79,138 36367Recovered
1,35,223 524Deaths
In India, there are 92,66,705 confirmed cases including 1,35,223 deaths. The number of active cases is 4,52,344 and 86,79,138 have recovered as on November 26, 2020 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Mumbai45,478
Thane13,660
Pune9,920
Mumbai Suburban5,363
Aurangabad1,974
Nashik1,575
Raigad1,462
Palghar1,421
Solapur1,291
Jalgaon1,039
Akola757
Nagpur692
Kolhapur646
Satara629
Ratnagiri350
Amravati291
Dhule228
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Ahmednagar190
Nanded176
Yavatmal150
Sangli145
Latur139
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Buldhana88
Parbhani78
gondia69
Beed54
Nandurbar42
Gadchiroli42
Bhandara41
Chandrapur32
Washim13
Wardha11

17,95,959 6,159

85,488 1,250

16,63,723 4,844

46,748 65

DistrictCases
Udupi1,176
Kalaburagi669
Yadgir538
Bengaluru Urban529
Raichur369
Mandya346
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Hassan205
Davangere204
Vijayapura201
Dakshina Kannada179
Chikkaballapura149
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Uttara Kannada95
Shivamogga67
Dharwad61
Ballari60
Gadag45
Bengaluru Rural40
Tumakuru36
Kolar29
Haveri24
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Koppal5
Kodagu4
Ramanagara3
Chamarajanagara0

8,78,055 1,630

24,909 278

8,41,432 1,333

11,714 19

DistrictCases
Kurnool795
Krishna557
Guntur511
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Chittoor319
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Y.S.R.205
West Godavari199
Srikakulam183
Prakasam104
Visakhapatnam103
Vizianagaram23

8,64,674 831

12,673 351

8,45,039 1,176

6,962 6

DistrictCases
Chennai23,324
Chengalpattu1,314
Thiruvallur774
Villupuram509
Kanchipuram503
Tiruvannamalai496
Cuddalore477
Ariyalur444
Tirunelveli433
Tuticorin333
Kallakurichi324
Madurai322
Salem258
Coimbatore188
Virudhunagar185
Dindigul175
Perambalur133
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Ramanathapuram119
Tiruppur116
Kanniyakumari110
Tenkasi103
Nagapattinam99
Karur88
Namakkal83
Erode75
Vellore71
Thiruvarur67
Pudukkottai53
Sivaganga46
Tirupathur45
Krishnagiri43
The Nilgiris17
Dharmapuri15

7,74,710 1,534

11,520 355

7,51,535 1,873

11,655 16

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kasaragod333
Palakkad224
Malappuram119
Kollam118
Thrissur106
Thiruvananthapuram104
Pathanamthitta98
Kozhikode90
Alappuzha76
Kottayam73
Ernakulam60
Idukki40
Wayanad36

5,78,363 6,491

65,234 695

5,11,008 5,770

2,121 26

DistrictCases
North West5,463
Central4,817
West4,768
New Delhi3,405
North3,059
East2,472
South East2,446
South West2,391
South2,329
North East1,914
Shahdara1,580

5,45,787 5,246

38,287 214

4,98,780 5,361

8,720 99

DistrictCases
Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119
Agra933
Ghaziabad794
Meerut504
Lucknow386
Saharanpur298
Kanpur Nagar286
Moradabad252
Varanasi243
Hapur225
Aligarh215
Basti214
Amethi206
Rampur203
Jaunpur194
Firozabad190
Barabanki168
Gorakhpur166
Bulandshahr166
Siddharth Nagar159
Ghazipur159
Bijnor157
Deoria143
Azamgarh138
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Mathura129
Ayodhya120
Muzaffarnagar117
Sambhal116
Sultanpur97
Ambedkar Nagar92
Maharajganj85
Amroha80
Rae Bareli78
Bahraich73
Kheri72
Kannauj69
Baghpat68
Kushi Nagar67
Bhadohi60
Ballia60
Gonda59
Etah52
Hardoi49
Balrampur49
Mau48
Mainpuri46
Etawah46
Hathras43
Unnao42
Jalaun41
Jhansi41
Shamli40
Chandauli38
Auraiya37
Farrukhabad36
Sitapur32
Prayagraj30
Banda27
Shahjahanpur25
Shravasti23
Budaun23
Mirzapur22
Bareilly17
Kasganj16
Pratapgarh15
Pilibhit15
Sonbhadra10
Kaushambi6
Kanpur Dehat4
Chitrakoot4
Lalitpur3
Hamirpur3
Mahoba3
Fatehpur3

5,33,355 2,305

24,876 948

5,00,835 1,328

7,644 29

DistrictCases
Kolkata2,777
Howrah1,435
24 Paraganas North1,031
Hooghly604
24 Paraganas South281
Maldah235
Dinajpur Uttar216
Coochbehar210
Birbhum206
Medinipur West159
Medinipur East153
Nadia139
Purba Bardhaman130
Murshidabad125
Bankura116
Darjeeling97
Jalpaiguri88
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purulia66
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Alipurduar39
Kalimpong18
Jhargram9

4,66,991 3,528

24,752 128

4,34,067 3,605

8,172 51

DistrictCases
Ganjam581
Jajapur322
Khordha238
Baleshwar190
Kendrapara164
Cuttack155
Bhadrak137
Balangir129
Puri103
Sundargarh102
Jagatsinghapur91
Nayagarh86
Mayurbhanj73
Nuapada69
Gajapati61
Dhenkanal36
Boudh34
Kendujhar34
Deogarh33
Kalahandi33
Sonepur29
Kandhamal28
Anugul26
Malkangiri20
Bargarh16
Koraput16
Sambalpur16
Jharsuguda8
Nabarangpur2
Rayagada2

3,16,001 730

6,212 14

3,08,102 728

1,687 16

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2,475
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Jagitial77
Nizamabad76
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Mancherial43
YadadriBhuvanagiri40
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Vikarabad40
Nalgonda33
Warangal Urban32
Mahabubnagar30
Sangareddy26
Khammam26
Adilabad22
Nirmal21
Karimnagar17
RajannaSircilla16
Medak11
Kamareddy11
Mahabubabad10
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Nagarkurnool8
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Jangoan8
Siddipet7
Peddapalli5
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Warangal Rural4
Mulugu3
Narayanpet3
Wanaparthy1

2,66,904 862

10,784 102

2,54,676 961

1,444 3

DistrictCases
Jaipur2,177
Jodhpur1,748
Udaipur724
Bharatpur563
Kota503
Nagaur500
Ajmer379
Dungarpur374
Pali352
Jhalawar329
Bhilwara250
Sikar231
Chittorgarh188
Tonk171
Jalore164
Rajsamand140
Sirohi130
Bikaner112
Banswara91
Alwar90
Churu81
Jhunjhunu64
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Baran59
Jaisalmer53
Barmer34
Hanumangarh31
SawaiMadhopur26
Karauli17
Pratapgarh14
Ganganagar8
Bundi5

2,53,767 3,285

26,320 1,123

2,25,229 2,144

2,218 18

DistrictCases
Patna279
Bhagalpur266
Rohtas256
Khagaria253
Begusarai243
Madhubani199
Munger188
Jehanabad178
Katihar175
Darbhanga143
Samastipur139
Siwan139
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Banka134
Buxar134
Nalanda123
Gopalganj123
Nawada122
Sheikhpura118
Gaya115
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Bhojpur103
Saran101
Muzaffarpur96
Saharsa88
Supaul87
Vaishali87
Madhepura82
Kishanganj75
Aurangabad75
Sitamarhi73
Lakhisarai72
Araria68
Pashchim Champaran57
Arwal52
Jamui47
Sheohar20

2,31,539 694

5,225 328

2,25,077 362

1,237 4

DistrictCases
Bilaspur100
Korba100
Mungeli87
Baloda Bazar85
Jashpur77
Janjgir-Champa56
Mahasamund54
Rajnandgaon52
Kabirdham52
Raigarh47
Raipur46
Balod41
Korea39
Durg31
Bemetara21
Kanker19
Balrampur17
Surguja14
Gariyaband10
Surajpur9
Dhamtari6
Bijapur2
Bastar2
Dantewada0
Kondagaon0
Narayanpur0
Sukma0

2,29,203 1,877

24,676 1,861

2,01,744

2,783 16

DistrictCases
Gurugram2,950
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Rohtak145
Palwal120
Jhajjar114
Karnal104
Hisar98
Ambala93
Panipat78
Nuh68
Bhiwani60
Rewari56
Kurukshetra55
Sirsa50
Kaithal48
Mahendragarh47
CharkiDadri43
Panchkula39
Fatehabad38
Jind38
Yamunanagar19

2,24,489 2,197

20,948 183

2,01,250 1,972

2,291 42

DistrictCases
Kamrup Metro276
Golaghat203
Nagaon143
Hojai89
Dima Hasao86
Karimganj85
Tinsukia84
Cachar80
Dibrugarh61
Hailakandi57
Lakhimpur57
Marigaon50
Dhemaji47
Kamrup42
Kokrajhar37
Dhubri30
Charaideo29
Barpeta28
Udalguri28
Sonitpur27
Jorhat24
Nalbari23
Darrang20
Sivasagar20
Goalpara19
Biswanath16
Baksa14
KarbiAnglong13
Bongaigaon12
Chirang6
West KarbiAnglong5
South SalmaraMancachar4
Majuli2

2,12,021 182

3,277 63

2,07,766 117

978 2

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17,125
Surat2,311
Vadodara1,555
Gandhinagar410
Mahesana159
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Rajkot135
Arvalli134
Mahisagar125
Anand107
PanchMahals107
Patan105
SabarKantha101
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Jamnagar63
Bharuch56
Botad55
Surendranagar55
Valsad47
GirSomnath45
Dohad43
Chhotaudepur37
Naysari35
Junagadh31
Narmada25
DevbhumiDwarka22
Amreli16
Porbandar11
Tapi6
Dang5
Morbi4

2,01,949 1,540

14,287 243

1,83,756 1,283

3,906 14

DistrictCases
Indore3,839
Bhopal1,880
Ujjain799
Burhanpur351
Neemuch319
Jabalpur276
East Nimar266
Sagar228
Gwalior211
Khargone196
Dewas140
Dhar132
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Bhind87
Raisen71
Barwani60
Ratlam51
Rewa39
Shajapur39
Hoshangabad37
Vidisha37
Chhatarpur35
Betul35
Rajgarh31
Dindori29
Sheopur26
Damoh26
Satna24
Anuppur22
Panna20
Tikamgarh18
Sidhi17
Narsinghpur17
Chhindwara16
Agar Malwa15
Mandla15
Shivpuri15
Jhabua14
Shandol14
Singrauli13
Ashoknagar13
Datia12
Sehore12
Umaria10
Balaghat9
Guna8
Harda4
Alirajpur3
Katni3
Seoni2
Niwari0

1,98,284 1,773

13,742 763

1,81,345 996

3,197 14

DistrictCases
Amritsar485
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Tarn Taran163
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
S.A.S Nagar137
Patiala132
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Pathankot86
Rupnagar (Ropar)74
Faridkot74
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Moga65
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Firozepur50
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Barnala25

1,48,435 770

7,129 295

1,36,622 444

4,684 31

DistrictCases
East Singhbum170
Ranchi148
Hazaribagh110
Garhwa80
Ramgarh75
Koderma58
Simdega48
Dhanbad32
Gumla28
Palamu27
West Singhbhum21
SaraikelaKharsawan20
Giridih19
Bokaro16
Latehar14
Khunti10
Lohardaga8
Deoghar5
Dumka5
Pakur4
Jamtara2
Godda2
Chatra1
Sahebganj0

1,08,158 237

2,160 82

1,05,040 316

958 3

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Srinagar300
Kulgam295
Baramulla271
Shopian255
Kupwara231
Bandipora175
Udhampur155
Ramban151
Jammu138
Budgam110
Pulwama108
Kathua53
Rajouri39
Ganderbal37
Poonch35
Doda27
Reasi26
Samba25
Kishtwar10
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0

1,07,819 489

5,264 93

1,00,892 570

1,663 12

DistrictCases
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Tehri Garhwal110
Haridwar94
Udam Singh Nagar83
Almora71
Champawat45
Pithoragarh43
Chamoli36
PauriGarhwal36
Bageshwar31
Rudraprayag30
Uttar Kashi24

72,642 482

4,658 20

66,799 450

1,185 12

DistrictCases
South Goa69
North Goa57

47,193 125

1,281 60

45,229 61

683 4

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Mahe4
Karaikal2
Yanam0

36,820 51

540 51

35,671

609

DistrictCases
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Una41
Solan32
Chamba29
Bilaspur21
Mandi21
Sirmaur11
Shimla10
Kullu4
Kinnaur2
Lahaul And Spiti0

36,566 837

7,875 725

28,106 99

585 13

DistrictCases
Dhalai196
Sepahijala174
Gomati74
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45
Khowai24
North Tripura14

32,578 50

767 23

31,441 73

370

DistrictCases
Churachandpur32
Kangpokpi26
Imphal West21
Thoubal18
Imphal East10
Tengnoupal9
Bishnupur7
Senapati6
Chandel5
Kamjong5
Ukhrul4
Jiribam3
Pherzawl3
Kakching2
Tamenglong2
Noney1

24,133 193

3,248 73

20,640 115

245 5

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

16,925 77

1,127 1

15,532 77

266 1

DistrictCases
Changlang31
Papum Pare8
Lohit3
Namsai2
West Siang1
East Siang1
Upper Siang1
Tawang1
PakkeKessang1
West Kameng0
Upper Subansiri0
Tirap0
Siang0
Shi Yomi0
Anjaw0
Lower Subansiri0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Longding0
Leparada0
KurungKumey0
KraDaadi0
Kamle0
East Kameng0
Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0

16,174 30

968 36

15,157 66

49

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
West Garo Hills5
South West Garo Hills4
North Garo Hills1
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Khasi Hills0

11,513 59

915 22

10,488 37

110

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Mon8
Kohima7
Kiphire3
Tuensang3
Peren2
Phek1
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

10,991 60

1,467 6

9,463 66

61

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

8,119 91

886 32

7,125 56

108 3

DistrictCases
East District3
South District3
North District0
West District0

4,819 42

236 2

4,481 44

102

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

4,677 10

137 5

4,479 15

61

DistrictCases
Kolasib11
Aizawl10
Mamit8
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Saitual1
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Saiha0
Serchhip0

3,765 20

441 1

3,319 21

5

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

3,327 2

35 2

3,290 4

2

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

0

0 0

0

0

Coronavirus Outbreak: Full CoverageTesting CentresFAQs

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may also like

Opinion: Say No To Junks – Healthy Lifestyle And Healthy Eating

People who adopt a healthy lifestyle especially from the very beginning live healthier, happier and longer lives than those with unhealthy lifestyles such as unbalanced and poor diet