Plastic Crisis: China Plans To Eliminate Single-Use Plastic Bag And Other Items By 2025

Plastic Crisis: China Plans To Eliminate Single-Use Plastic Bag And Other Items By 2025

With an aim to reduce the plastic waste that has polluted much of its land and water bodies, China has announced a series of measures to put an end to the menace of single-use plastic
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Plastic Crisis: China Plans To Eliminate Single-Use Plastic Bag And Other Items By 2025To get rid of plastic, People's Republic of China has decided to ban the use of single-use plastic items by 2022

New Delhi: The government of the People’s Republic of China has announced its decision to eliminate plastic pollution across the country by 2025. For this, China’s National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on Sunday (January 20) released a plan targeting the sale and production of single-use plastic including a ban on manufacturing ultra-thin plastic bags, disposable plastic tableware, plastic straws and plastic cotton swabs.

Also Read: Replacing Single-Use Plastic, One Leaf At A Time: This 20-Year-Old’s Invention Can Help Tackle The Rising Plastic Waste Crisis

Highlights Of China’s Plan To Eliminate Plastic

According to the plan, single-use and non-degradable plastic bags that are less than 0.025 millimetre or 25 microns thick will be banned in major Chinese cities by the end of 2020 and across the country by 2022. The guidelines laid down in the plan also state that by 2025, all kinds of single-use plastics will be banned across the country.

To ensure the strict enforcement of the ban, NDRC’s guidelines focus on strengthening the daily supervision and inspection mechanism. It says that any flouting of the guidelines found during inspections will be reported to the relevant authorities for further investigations and punitive measures will be decided according to the law.

China, which has the largest population and is the biggest producer of plastic waste in the world has directed the hotel industry to stop offering single-use plastic items to customers by 2025 and has asked it to reduce the use of plastic by 30 per cent by the end of this year.

Earlier in 2018, China introduced a ban on the import of plastic scrap, in a bid to deal with the waste produced by its citizens. However, the battle against plastic will be a long one for China as last year in November, the Chinese government revealed that its largest garbage dumpyard which is the size of approximately 100 football fields had already reached its full capacity 25 years ahead of the estimated schedule.

Also Read: Drink Your Coffee Then Eat The ‘Dishes’, Air New Zealand Ditches Single-Use Plastic And Switches To Edible Coffee Cups

Will Such A Ban Work?

While talking to NDTV about the potential impact of China’s plastic ban, Priti Mahesh of Toxic Link, a Delhi based organisation working on environmental justice said,

These are the small but important steps. Nevertheless, currently, we need to look at the actions required at the global scale to address the immediate plastic crisis. Single-use plastic ban in few countries will not make a dent in the crisis situation that the world is facing right not.

However, she highlighted that more people are recognising plastic as a threat to the environment now which is a good sign.

Raman VR, Head of Policy at WaterAid India highlighted that the ban announced by China will not have much impact if it keeps exporting single-use plastic products. He asserted that China exports its goods to almost most countries and those goods are all packed in plastic which contributes immensely to the global plastic waste. He said,

A major difficulty is around the production of plastic and plastic packaging. If China is banning internal use but continues the production and export of these products, our challenges are to remain.

He further highlighted that while countries like India must take cues from China, there is a lot that can be taken from the ban on single-use plastic implemented in the state of Kerala. He said,

I see not only legal measures, but the promotion of a lot of alternatives and best practices in Kerala. Green protocols in massive events, sports tournaments and marriages, wherein use of non-plastic as well as all ranges of use and throw products are totally avoided, with certification and appreciation process, in parallel to enforcement. One has to think these details and involve all walks of people and duty-bearers on this if the aim is to truly eliminate plastic.

China’s decision to ban single-use plastic has been receiving a positive response from Twitterati as well. Anthony Michael Fadell, the Senior Vice President of the iPod division at Apple Inc. shared China’s ban on single-use plastic as a good news but also hinted at the lack of will from corporations to eliminate plastic. He said on Twitter,

Good news! Regulations on single-use plastic are on the rise globally. The policy will suppress demand for plastics, a potential risk for oil and chemical companies. Watch out. Here come the well-funded lobbyists! China sets bans on single-use plastic.

Also Read: Made Entirely Out Of Single-Use Plastic, Kerala’s Marine Cemetery Is A Call To Action To Save The World

Pacific Environment, a non-profit organization dedicated to protecting wildlife acknowledged the efforts to reduce plastic and asked people to break free from it. They shared on their Twitter handle,

Great news! Our grassroots partners in #China are working hard to reduce waste. But globally, more attention needs still to be paid to solutions other than recycling and biodegradable plastics, which may be false solutions. #breakfreefromplastic

Many other users also responded positively on the news of the ban.

 

China is not the only country that has cracked down against single-use plastics. Earlier this year, Thailand also announced that single-use plastic bags would be banned in major stores, with a complete ban across the country in 2021. Indonesia’s capital Jakarta has also announced banning of single-use plastic bags in department stores, supermarkets and traditional markets by June 2020. In 2018, during the World Environment Day celebrations, India took the pledge to eliminate all single-use plastics – carry bags, straws, and water bottles among others from the country by 2022.

Then in 2019, Prime Minister Narendra Modi initiated a ‘Plastic-Free’ campaign and said that a blanket ban on single-use plastic items will take place. But so far the government has not issued an official notification for such a ban. However, various states in India like Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, and Uttarakhand among others have initiated ban on single-use plastic.

Also Read: The Top Priority Of All States Should Be To Eliminate Single-Use Plastic By 2022, Says Environment Secretary

Why Single-Use Plastic Must Be Banned?

According to the UNEP, approximately one million single-use plastic bottles are bought every minute around the world and as per World Count Facts, an online portal for facts, 5 trillion plastic bags are consumed every year – that’s 160,000 plastic bags a second! Moreover, each plastic may take up to 700 years to decompose.

Single-use plastic not only harms the planet but is one of the leading cause of endangering marine and wildlife. Around 100,000 marine creatures die every year due to plastic entanglement and approximately 1 million seabirds die from eating plastic because plastic cannot be broken down by the digestive system in living beings.

Also Read: “Single-Use Plastic To Be Banned In A Phased Manner”: Ram Vilas Paswan

World

17,66,30,634Cases
5,80,25,717Active
11,47,82,895Recovered
38,22,022Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 193 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 17,66,30,634 and 38,22,022 have died; 5,80,25,717 are active cases and 11,47,82,895 have recovered as on June 16, 2021 at 3:30 am.

India

2,96,33,105 62,224Cases
8,65,43247,946Active
2,83,88,100 1,07,628Recovered
3,79,573 2,542Deaths
In India, there are 2,96,33,105 confirmed cases including 3,79,573 deaths. The number of active cases is 8,65,432 and 2,83,88,100 have recovered as on June 16, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

59,24,773 7,652

1,41,440 8,982

56,69,179 15,176

1,14,154 1,458

Karnataka

27,77,010 5,041

1,62,303 9,859

25,81,559 14,785

33,148 115

Kerala

27,48,204 12,246

1,12,792 1,456

26,23,904 13,536

11,508 166

Tamil Nadu

23,78,298 11,805

1,25,215 11,669

22,23,015 23,207

30,068 267

Andhra Pradesh

18,20,134 5,741

75,134 4,879

17,32,948 10,567

12,052 53

Uttar Pradesh

17,03,207 270

7,221 890

16,74,072 1,104

21,914 56

West Bengal

14,68,044 3,268

20,046 1,125

14,30,949 2,068

17,049 75

Delhi

14,31,498 228

3,078 148

14,03,569 364

24,851 12

Chhattisgarh

9,88,172 609

11,717 943

9,63,113 1,544

13,342 8

Rajasthan

9,50,133 172

5,619 848

9,35,658 1,006

8,856 14

Odisha

8,59,526 3,405

44,358 3,436

8,11,780 6,799

3,388 42

Gujarat

8,21,078 352

8,884 658

8,02,187 1,006

10,007 4

Madhya Pradesh

7,88,649 224

3,610 331

7,76,424 528

8,615 27

Haryana

7,66,357 228

3,703 374

7,53,584 564

9,070 38

Bihar

7,17,949 410

4,360 412

7,04,075 813

9,514 9

Telangana

6,06,436 1,556

19,933 528

5,82,993 2,070

3,510 14

Punjab

5,89,153 628

10,802 1,111

5,62,701 1,691

15,650 48

Assam

4,66,590 3,415

41,184 475

4,21,378 2,906

4,028 34

Jharkhand

3,43,793 184

2,646 416

3,36,058 596

5,089 4

Uttarakhand

3,37,449 274

3,642 266

3,26,822 515

6,985 25

Jammu And Kashmir

3,08,726 715

12,407 1,125

2,92,114 1,830

4,205 10

Himachal Pradesh

1,99,197 321

4,050 382

1,91,737 691

3,410 12

Goa

1,63,048 327

4,175 231

1,55,926 548

2,947 10

Puducherry

1,13,192 355

4,668 279

1,06,828 629

1,696 5

Chandigarh

61,200 40

486 21

59,917 58

797 3

Manipur

61,096 785

8,744 301

51,354 476

998 8

Tripura

60,385 536

4,886 65

54,870 596

629 5

Meghalaya

42,759 450

4,430 99

37,579 542

750 7

Arunachal Pradesh

31,938 290

2,849 40

28,934 326

155 4

Nagaland

23,854 101

2,972 229

20,423 327

459 3

Ladakh

19,649 38

552 20

18,898 57

199 1

Sikkim

18,659 209

3,239 67

15,136 273

284 3

Mizoram

15,899 268

3,637 45

12,191 312

71 1

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,473 9

61 2

10,408 7

4

Lakshadweep

9,297 61

484 36

8,768 96

45 1

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,280 11

105 4

7,049 15

126

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