Budget 2021: Experts Expect Increased Fund Allocation For Swachh Bharat Abhiyan With Its Focus On Solid Waste Management
Highlights
  • Budget 2021 will give more funds allocation to Swachh Mission: Experts
  • The focus of SBM 2.0 should be on solid & faecal sludge management: Experts
  • Health of sanitation workers should get a priority: Experts

New Delhi: Experts and environmentalists are hopeful that on February 1, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman will present a Budget with more funds allocated to the Government’s flagship scheme – Swachh Bharat Abhiyan with its focus on solid waste management and faecal sludge management.

Last year, the Finance Minister placed Swachh Bharat Abhiyan under the ‘Aspirational India’ pillar, and announced an allocation of Rs.12,300 crores for the financial year (FY) 2020-2021 for the scheme. This was down from the total allocation of Rs.12,644 crores for the campaign in the year 2019-20, which itself was around Rs. 5,199 crores lower than the budget allocated in 2018-19.

Also Read: Medical Experts Expect Increased Allocation For Research, Health Infrastructure From Budget 2021

Here’s what is on the Budget 2021 wishlist of experts and environmentalists for a swachh and swasth India:

Increased Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Funds In Budget 2021

Talking about the overall expectations from Budget 2021 for Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, V Srinivas Chary, Member, National Faecal Sludge and Septage Management Alliance said,

We are super optimistic about the greater attention and fund allocation towards Swachh Bharat Mission, which is about creating healthy and liveable cities across India. I am 200 per cent sure that this time the government will definitely increase the funds for Swachh Bharat Mission despite health and vaccine being the priority now, but as COVID-19 pandemic has shown the world the importance of good sanitation and hygiene practices, I am hopeful the government too will look at the sector with same importance.

Also Read: Economic Survey: Initiatives Like Swachh Bharat Mission Have Improved Access To ‘Bare Necessities’ In The Country

Greater Focus On Solid Waste And Faecal Sludge Management

Further talking about the mission and how it has become a Jan Andolan or people’s movement over the past few years, Mr Chary added,

The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan gained a lot of attention, courtesy the efforts made by the government. However, the big challenge now is to take advantage of the gains made from 2014 to 2019 and complete the loop. For that we need to look beyond toilets and focus on faecal waste management and waste water management.

On the other hand, Meera Mehta, Executive Director of the Center for Water and Sanitation said,

India needs to look at building proper sewer system for all the cities with the greater focus on faecal sludge and septage management. Because if we want to achieve full sanitation, we need to make sure the faecal sludge is properly treated. There are many states and cities in India that have shown that it is actually possible to spruce up the faecal sludge management by introducing proper desludging and building up faecal sludge treatment facilities. This is very much doable and we expect that this should be part of Swachh Bharat 2.0.

Reiterating that India needs to move ahead and focus majorly on solid waste management and faecal sludge management, Dinesh Mehta, Member, National Faecal Sludge & Septage Management Alliance said,

Now is the time, when we need to ask, ‘Toilet ke baad kya….’ (What after toilet construction?) Constructing toilets is one thing but taking the waste out from the toilet into the treatment facility is another. And that is what Faecal Sludge Management is all about and that is what we should focus now in order to meet all our Sustainable Development Goals.

Focus On Health Of Sanitation Workers And Provide Them With Proper Protective Gears

To prioritise safety of sanitation workers, Mr Mehta added,

One of the major programmes that the government has launched recently was manholes to machineholes, which means all the cleaning of septage tanks or sewer lines will be done by machines and there will be no manual operation. But, I think, the need is to now look at providing them with better equipments and protective gears that overall uplifts their status and also protects their health. The government needs to make wearing of personal protective gears mandatory for all the sanitation workers and also ensure they are delivered to them. Secondly, the government should look at providing the sanitation workers with the facilities of health insurance and it should be the part of the funds allocation in the budget.

Also Read: Economic Survey 2020-21 Underscores The Importance Of Investing In The Public Healthcare System

Policy Level Changes For Swachh Bharat Abhiyan 2.0

Highlighting some of the policy level changes for Swachh Bharat Abhiyan 2.0 that focuses on solid waste and faecal sludge management, Mr Chary added,

I think, just like we had a mass behavioural campaign for building and using a toilet, we need the same approach for solid waste management. We need to teach people from scratch the basics of waste management and then ensure the waste from the toilets and household is getting managed well. A proper system or authority should be kept in place to ensure the smooth implementation.

A Greater Need For Individual Toilets

Talking about COVID-19 and how it has put sanitation on the forefront, Ms Mehta highlighted the need for India to move from constructing community toilets, especially in urban India and focus on building more and more of individual toilets. She said,

In last one year, COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the need for having good hygiene practices and sanitation and has put on the forefront the need for having more individual toilets across the country. Though, we have achieved a lot when it comes to toilet construction, but, I think, now the emphasis should be given on constructing more of individual toilets rather than community toilets for the basic reason of following hygienic practices when it comes to sanitation.

Sharing example of the city Mumbai and how more the 25 per cent population depends on community toilets, Dinesh Mehta added,

We need to reduce the dependence of people on community toilets and instead build individual toilets and that is what we think will be the major challenge for us in the coming few years. And this is not the story of Mumbai alone, there are many cities within Maharashtra that need the same focus.

Talking about the targets for Swachh Bharat 2.0 and how this budget should be a step forward, Meera Mehta signed off by saying,

We should be looking at making our cities, states cleaner and faecal sludge free by 2030, just like we had targets for making cities and states ODF by 2019.

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

15,52,00,384Cases
6,03,54,534Active
9,16,04,062Recovered
32,41,788Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 192 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 15,52,00,384 and 32,41,788 have died; 6,03,54,534 are active cases and 9,16,04,062 have recovered as on May 6, 2021 at 3:48 am.

India

2,10,77,410 412262Cases
35,66,398 79169Active
1,72,80,844 329113Recovered
2,30,168 3980Deaths
In India, there are 2,10,77,410 confirmed cases including 2,30,168 deaths. The number of active cases is 35,66,398 and 1,72,80,844 have recovered as on May 6, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Mumbai45,478
Thane13,660
Pune9,920
Mumbai Suburban5,363
Aurangabad1,974
Nashik1,575
Raigad1,462
Palghar1,421
Solapur1,291
Jalgaon1,039
Akola757
Nagpur692
Kolhapur646
Satara629
Ratnagiri350
Amravati291
Dhule228
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Ahmednagar190
Nanded176
Yavatmal150
Sangli145
Latur139
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Buldhana88
Parbhani78
gondia69
Beed54
Nandurbar42
Gadchiroli42
Bhandara41
Chandrapur32
Washim13
Wardha11

48,80,542 57,640

6,43,782 286

41,64,098 57,006

72,662 920

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kasaragod333
Palakkad224
Malappuram119
Kollam118
Thrissur106
Thiruvananthapuram104
Pathanamthitta98
Kozhikode90
Alappuzha76
Kottayam73
Ernakulam60
Idukki40
Wayanad36

17,43,932 41,953

3,76,004 18,789

13,62,363 23,106

5,565 58

DistrictCases
Udupi1,176
Kalaburagi669
Yadgir538
Bengaluru Urban529
Raichur369
Mandya346
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Hassan205
Davangere204
Vijayapura201
Dakshina Kannada179
Chikkaballapura149
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Uttara Kannada95
Shivamogga67
Dharwad61
Ballari60
Gadag45
Bengaluru Rural40
Tumakuru36
Kolar29
Haveri24
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Koppal5
Kodagu4
Ramanagara3
Chamarajanagara0

17,41,046 50,112

4,87,308 22,925

12,36,854 26,841

16,884 346

DistrictCases
Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119
Agra933
Ghaziabad794
Meerut504
Lucknow386
Saharanpur298
Kanpur Nagar286
Moradabad252
Varanasi243
Hapur225
Aligarh215
Basti214
Amethi206
Rampur203
Jaunpur194
Firozabad190
Barabanki168
Gorakhpur166
Bulandshahr166
Siddharth Nagar159
Ghazipur159
Bijnor157
Deoria143
Azamgarh138
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Mathura129
Ayodhya120
Muzaffarnagar117
Sambhal116
Sultanpur97
Ambedkar Nagar92
Maharajganj85
Amroha80
Rae Bareli78
Bahraich73
Kheri72
Kannauj69
Baghpat68
Kushi Nagar67
Bhadohi60
Ballia60
Gonda59
Etah52
Hardoi49
Balrampur49
Mau48
Mainpuri46
Etawah46
Hathras43
Unnao42
Jalaun41
Jhansi41
Shamli40
Chandauli38
Auraiya37
Farrukhabad36
Sitapur32
Prayagraj30
Banda27
Shahjahanpur25
Shravasti23
Budaun23
Mirzapur22
Bareilly17
Kasganj16
Pratapgarh15
Pilibhit15
Sonbhadra10
Kaushambi6
Kanpur Dehat4
Chitrakoot4
Lalitpur3
Hamirpur3
Mahoba3
Fatehpur3

13,99,294 31,111

2,62,474 10,094

11,22,669 40,852

14,151 353

DistrictCases
Chennai23,324
Chengalpattu1,314
Thiruvallur774
Villupuram509
Kanchipuram503
Tiruvannamalai496
Cuddalore477
Ariyalur444
Tirunelveli433
Tuticorin333
Kallakurichi324
Madurai322
Salem258
Coimbatore188
Virudhunagar185
Dindigul175
Perambalur133
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Ramanathapuram119
Tiruppur116
Kanniyakumari110
Tenkasi103
Nagapattinam99
Karur88
Namakkal83
Erode75
Vellore71
Thiruvarur67
Pudukkottai53
Sivaganga46
Tirupathur45
Krishnagiri43
The Nilgiris17
Dharmapuri15

12,72,602 23,310

1,28,311 3,081

11,29,512 20,062

14,779 167

DistrictCases
North West5,463
Central4,817
West4,768
New Delhi3,405
North3,059
East2,472
South East2,446
South West2,391
South2,329
North East1,914
Shahdara1,580

12,53,902 20,960

91,859 1,440

11,43,980 19,209

18,063 311

DistrictCases
Kurnool795
Krishna557
Guntur511
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Chittoor319
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Y.S.R.205
West Godavari199
Srikakulam183
Prakasam104
Visakhapatnam103
Vizianagaram23

12,06,232 22,204

1,70,588 10,991

10,27,270 11,128

8,374 85

DistrictCases
Kolkata2,777
Howrah1,435
24 Paraganas North1,031
Hooghly604
24 Paraganas South281
Maldah235
Dinajpur Uttar216
Coochbehar210
Birbhum206
Medinipur West159
Medinipur East153
Nadia139
Purba Bardhaman130
Murshidabad125
Bankura116
Darjeeling97
Jalpaiguri88
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purulia66
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Alipurduar39
Kalimpong18
Jhargram9

9,16,635 18,102

1,21,872 926

7,82,916 17,073

11,847 103

DistrictCases
Bilaspur100
Korba100
Mungeli87
Baloda Bazar85
Jashpur77
Janjgir-Champa56
Mahasamund54
Rajnandgaon52
Kabirdham52
Raigarh47
Raipur46
Balod41
Korea39
Durg31
Bemetara21
Kanker19
Balrampur17
Surguja14
Gariyaband10
Surajpur9
Dhamtari6
Bijapur2
Bastar2
Dantewada0
Kondagaon0
Narayanpur0
Sukma0

8,02,643 15,157

1,29,211 4,752

6,63,694 10,152

9,738 253

DistrictCases
Jaipur2,177
Jodhpur1,748
Udaipur724
Bharatpur563
Kota503
Nagaur500
Ajmer379
Dungarpur374
Pali352
Jhalawar329
Bhilwara250
Sikar231
Chittorgarh188
Tonk171
Jalore164
Rajsamand140
Sirohi130
Bikaner112
Banswara91
Alwar90
Churu81
Jhunjhunu64
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Baran59
Jaisalmer53
Barmer34
Hanumangarh31
SawaiMadhopur26
Karauli17
Pratapgarh14
Ganganagar8
Bundi5

6,85,036 16,815

1,96,683 362

4,83,332 17,022

5,021 155

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17,125
Surat2,311
Vadodara1,555
Gandhinagar410
Mahesana159
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Rajkot135
Arvalli134
Mahisagar125
Anand107
PanchMahals107
Patan105
SabarKantha101
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Jamnagar63
Bharuch56
Botad55
Surendranagar55
Valsad47
GirSomnath45
Dohad43
Chhotaudepur37
Naysari35
Junagadh31
Narmada25
DevbhumiDwarka22
Amreli16
Porbandar11
Tapi6
Dang5
Morbi4

6,33,427 12,955

1,48,124 173

4,77,391 12,995

7,912 133

DistrictCases
Indore3,839
Bhopal1,880
Ujjain799
Burhanpur351
Neemuch319
Jabalpur276
East Nimar266
Sagar228
Gwalior211
Khargone196
Dewas140
Dhar132
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Bhind87
Raisen71
Barwani60
Ratlam51
Rewa39
Shajapur39
Hoshangabad37
Vidisha37
Chhatarpur35
Betul35
Rajgarh31
Dindori29
Sheopur26
Damoh26
Satna24
Anuppur22
Panna20
Tikamgarh18
Sidhi17
Narsinghpur17
Chhindwara16
Agar Malwa15
Mandla15
Shivpuri15
Jhabua14
Shandol14
Singrauli13
Ashoknagar13
Datia12
Sehore12
Umaria10
Balaghat9
Guna8
Harda4
Alirajpur3
Katni3
Seoni2
Niwari0

6,24,985 12,319

89,244 2,605

5,29,667 9,643

6,074 71

DistrictCases
Gurugram2,950
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Rohtak145
Palwal120
Jhajjar114
Karnal104
Hisar98
Ambala93
Panipat78
Nuh68
Bhiwani60
Rewari56
Kurukshetra55
Sirsa50
Kaithal48
Mahendragarh47
CharkiDadri43
Panchkula39
Fatehabad38
Jind38
Yamunanagar19

5,58,975 15,416

1,13,425 4,595

4,40,590 10,640

4,960 181

DistrictCases
Patna279
Bhagalpur266
Rohtas256
Khagaria253
Begusarai243
Madhubani199
Munger188
Jehanabad178
Katihar175
Darbhanga143
Samastipur139
Siwan139
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Banka134
Buxar134
Nalanda123
Gopalganj123
Nawada122
Sheikhpura118
Gaya115
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Bhojpur103
Saran101
Muzaffarpur96
Saharsa88
Supaul87
Vaishali87
Madhepura82
Kishanganj75
Aurangabad75
Sitamarhi73
Lakhisarai72
Araria68
Pashchim Champaran57
Arwal52
Jamui47
Sheohar20

5,38,677 14,836

1,13,480 3,049

4,22,210 11,726

2,987 61

DistrictCases
Ganjam581
Jajapur322
Khordha238
Baleshwar190
Kendrapara164
Cuttack155
Bhadrak137
Balangir129
Puri103
Sundargarh102
Jagatsinghapur91
Nayagarh86
Mayurbhanj73
Nuapada69
Gajapati61
Dhenkanal36
Boudh34
Kendujhar34
Deogarh33
Kalahandi33
Sonepur29
Kandhamal28
Anugul26
Malkangiri20
Bargarh16
Koraput16
Sambalpur16
Jharsuguda8
Nabarangpur2
Rayagada2

4,89,641 9,889

71,134 3,697

4,16,403 6,176

2,104 16

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2,475
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Jagitial77
Nizamabad76
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Mancherial43
YadadriBhuvanagiri40
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Vikarabad40
Nalgonda33
Warangal Urban32
Mahabubnagar30
Sangareddy26
Khammam26
Adilabad22
Nirmal21
Karimnagar17
RajannaSircilla16
Medak11
Kamareddy11
Mahabubabad10
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Nagarkurnool8
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Jangoan8
Siddipet7
Peddapalli5
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Warangal Rural4
Mulugu3
Narayanpet3
Wanaparthy1

4,75,748 6,026

77,127 577

3,96,042 6,551

2,579 52

DistrictCases
Amritsar485
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Tarn Taran163
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
S.A.S Nagar137
Patiala132
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Pathankot86
Rupnagar (Ropar)74
Faridkot74
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Moga65
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Firozepur50
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Barnala25

4,07,509 7,953

63,007 1,072

3,34,677 6,701

9,825 180

DistrictCases
Kamrup Metro276
Golaghat203
Nagaon143
Hojai89
Dima Hasao86
Karimganj85
Tinsukia84
Cachar80
Dibrugarh61
Hailakandi57
Lakhimpur57
Marigaon50
Dhemaji47
Kamrup42
Kokrajhar37
Dhubri30
Charaideo29
Barpeta28
Udalguri28
Sonitpur27
Jorhat24
Nalbari23
Darrang20
Sivasagar20
Goalpara19
Biswanath16
Baksa14
KarbiAnglong13
Bongaigaon12
Chirang6
West KarbiAnglong5
South SalmaraMancachar4
Majuli2

2,72,751 4,826

31,262 1,855

2,40,004 2,916

1,485 55

DistrictCases
East Singhbum170
Ranchi148
Hazaribagh110
Garhwa80
Ramgarh75
Koderma58
Simdega48
Dhanbad32
Gumla28
Palamu27
West Singhbhum21
SaraikelaKharsawan20
Giridih19
Bokaro16
Latehar14
Khunti10
Lohardaga8
Deoghar5
Dumka5
Pakur4
Jamtara2
Godda2
Chatra1
Sahebganj0

2,63,115 5,770

59,532 175

2,00,237 5,804

3,346 141

DistrictCases
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Tehri Garhwal110
Haridwar94
Udam Singh Nagar83
Almora71
Champawat45
Pithoragarh43
Chamoli36
PauriGarhwal36
Bageshwar31
Rudraprayag30
Uttar Kashi24

2,11,834 7,783

59,526 2,899

1,49,166 4,757

3,142 127

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Srinagar300
Kulgam295
Baramulla271
Shopian255
Kupwara231
Bandipora175
Udhampur155
Ramban151
Jammu138
Budgam110
Pulwama108
Kathua53
Rajouri39
Ganderbal37
Poonch35
Doda27
Reasi26
Samba25
Kishtwar10
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0

1,96,585 4,716

39,628 2,326

1,54,447 2,338

2,510 52

DistrictCases
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Una41
Solan32
Chamba29
Bilaspur21
Mandi21
Sirmaur11
Shimla10
Kullu4
Kinnaur2
Lahaul And Spiti0

1,14,787 3,842

25,902 2,330

87,193 1,480

1,692 32

DistrictCases
South Goa69
North Goa57

1,04,398 3,496

27,964 1,233

74,991 2,192

1,443 71

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Mahe4
Karaikal2
Yanam0

65,117 1,819

11,717 868

52,517 933

883 18

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

46,793 817

8,363 193

37,898 610

532 14

DistrictCases
Dhalai196
Sepahijala174
Gomati74
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45
Khowai24
North Tripura14

36,534 300

2,127 222

34,004 75

403 3

DistrictCases
Churachandpur32
Kangpokpi26
Imphal West21
Thoubal18
Imphal East10
Tengnoupal9
Bishnupur7
Senapati6
Chandel5
Kamjong5
Ukhrul4
Jiribam3
Pherzawl3
Kakching2
Tamenglong2
Noney1

33,353 397

2,657 266

30,262 121

434 10

DistrictCases
Changlang31
Papum Pare8
Lohit3
Namsai2
West Siang1
East Siang1
Upper Siang1
Tawang1
PakkeKessang1
West Kameng0
Upper Subansiri0
Tirap0
Siang0
Shi Yomi0
Anjaw0
Lower Subansiri0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Longding0
Leparada0
KurungKumey0
KraDaadi0
Kamle0
East Kameng0
Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0

19,412 220

1,776 144

17,577 76

59

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
West Garo Hills5
South West Garo Hills4
North Garo Hills1
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Khasi Hills0

18,283 269

2,135 116

15,957 147

191 6

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Mon8
Kohima7
Kiphire3
Tuensang3
Peren2
Phek1
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

15,004 287

2,038 240

12,848 47

118

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

14,811 251

1,494 120

13,166 131

151

DistrictCases
East District3
South District3
North District0
West District0

8,919 221

2,050 120

6,714 97

155 4

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

8,325 151

1,599 7

6,722 158

4

DistrictCases
Kolasib11
Aizawl10
Mamit8
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Saitual1
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Saiha0
Serchhip0

6,964 170

1,642 33

5,305 137

17

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

6,223 42

224 8

5,928 49

71 1

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

3,376 127

1,129 36

2,240 162

7 1

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