Coronavirus Explainer: 20 COVID-19 Related Terms And What These Mean

Coronavirus Explainer: 20 COVID-19 Related Terms And What These Mean

Here is a guide to the terms that are now being commonly used with regards to the SARS-CoV2 virus that causes COVID-19
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Coronavirus Explainer: 15 COVID-19 Related Terms And What These MeanHere is a glossary of terms associated with the virus causing COVID-19 and its treatment
Highlights
  • Coronavirus outbreak was first reported in China’s Wuhan in December 2019
  • Across the world, over 1.3 crore cases of Coronavirus have been recorded
  • India is the third worst-hit nation by COVID-19

New Delhi: It was called the Novel Coronavirus given that it was a new virus about which nothing was known. Almost seven months since the outbreak was first reported in Wuhan, China, scientists across the globe are working round the clock to learn more about the virus. As they discover unknown aspects that can help put a check on the spread or help develop a cure, there are some terms that are being commonly used in the course of this pandemic. Here is a glossary of 15 such terms associated with the virus causing COVID-19 and its treatment.

Also Read: 6 Months On, A Recap Of How the Coronavirus Pandemic Unfolded

1. Aerosol

When you spray deodorant or perfume and fine particles come out, that’s an aerosol. It can come out in different circumstances like in hospitals, when we put a tube inside a patient’s mouth to help in breathing explained Dr Rajesh Parikh, Director, Medical Research at Jaslok Hospital and the author of a book ‘The Coronavirus – What You Need To Know About The Global Pandemic’.

In epidemiology, aerosols or droplet nuclei refer to droplets less than or equal to 5 micron in diameter. Aerosols remain infectious when suspended in air over long distances and time.

According to WHO, Airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2 can occur during medical procedures that generate aerosols. However, it is still evaluating whether SARS-CoV-2 may also spread through aerosols in indoor settings with poor ventilation.

Also Read: Precautions To Take Till Airborne Transmission Of COVID-19 Is Further Researched And WHO Assesses The ‘Emerging Evidence’

2. Antibody

Antibodies are proteins produced by a human body and used by the immune system to identify and neutralise foreign objects such as bacteria and viruses. Explaining the term in detail, Dr Mugdha Tapdiya, Senior Consultant, Internal Medicine at Fortis Hospital in Delhi’s Vasant Kunj said,

Antibodies are the immune response that our body develops against any infection. After contracting the COVID-19 infection, it takes one to three weeks for antibodies to develop. There are two kinds of antibodies – IgM (Immunoglobulin M) and IgG (Immunoglobulin G).

While IgM develops at an early phase of the infection, typically after the first week of contracting the virus, IgG antibodies are more likely to show up later – when an individual has recovered from the infection. IgM disappears after six weeks whereas IgG stays on for a longer period of time. However, as of now, it is not clear for how long IgG gives immunity against COVID-19.

IgM tells us that an individual has been exposed and he/she is either entering early immune phase or established immune phase, said Dr Ravindra Mehta, Chief of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine at Apollo Hospitals in Bengaluru.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is Antibody Test And What Role Does It Play In The Fight Against COVID-19?

3. Antigen

When a virus enters a human body, it carries some characteristics on its surface and that’s called antigen. In simpler terms, antigen is particular attributes of the virus which helps our immune system and body in identifying the virus. Explaining the same with an example, Dr Ravindra Mehta, said,

Let’s say I’m COVID-19 and on my surface, I have a particular shirt, it’s a green shirt. This green shirt is like antigen. When an antigen test is done, it looks for the characteristics of the virus. Here, the test will lookout for a green shirt.

4. Fatality Rate

The fatality or mortality rate indicates the percentage of people dying because of the virus or disease. In epidemiology, a case fatality rate (CFR) is the percentage of deaths out of the total number of people who have been diagnosed with the disease. In the context of COVID-19, India’s fatality rate is 2.57 per cent (as on July 16) that is out of every 100 COVID-19 patients, two to three people are losing the battle against COVID-19. Globally, the fatality rate is 4.3 per cent.

Also Read: 6 Months On, What Do We Know About The Coronavirus Pandemic

5. Fomite

Fomite is a technical term for contaminated objects and surfaces. Respiratory secretions or droplets expelled by infected individuals can contaminate surfaces and objects, creating fomites (contaminated surfaces).

Explaining how fomite transmission occurs, Dr Ravindra Mehta said,

Respiratory droplets expelled from our mouth can settle on surfaces and stay active for certain hours. Various studies have shown that COVID-19 survives for 12 hours to three days, depending on the surface. Let’s say I’m in a cafeteria, with my hands on the table. After a few minutes, I touch my nose and mouth. Here, I don’t know how many people visited the cafeteria before me, sat on the same table and whether or not the table was clean. But this way, the virus can reach my respiratory tract. Hence, the advice to not touch eyes, nose, and mouth and disinfect surfaces frequently.

From clothes, furniture, to doorknobs, any surface can be a fomite.

Also Read: Coronavirus Prevention: How To Wash Fruits, Vegetables And Other Perishables To Safeguard Them From Virus

6. Inactivated Vaccines

Inactivated vaccines are made from microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, other) that have been killed through physical or chemical processes. These killed organisms cannot cause disease, states the WHO. Since inactivated vaccines do not contain live components, there is no risk involved. However, they may not induce an immune response after the first dose. Also, the response may not be long-lived. Inactivated polio vaccine was built using the same method.

7. Live Attenuated Vaccines

According to a document ‘types of vaccine and adverse reactions’ published by the WHO, live attenuated vaccines (LAV) are derived from disease – causing pathogens (virus or bacteria) that have been weakened under laboratory conditions. They will grow in a vaccinated individual, but because they are weak, they will cause no or very mild disease.

Using a weakened or inactivated form of the SARS-CoV-2 will help create a long-lasting immunity. Because the vaccine will be so similar to the natural infection that it helps prevents the virus by creating a strong and long-lasting immune response. Just 1 or 2 doses of most virus vaccines can give you a lifetime of protection against a germ and the disease it causes, said an expert from the Public Health Foundation of India.

In the past, numerous vaccines have been made using the LAV method. For example, BCG vaccine for Tuberculosis, oral polio vaccine, yellow fever, rotavirus, and others.

Live attenuated vaccines are less safe in comparison to inactivated vaccines for various reasons. One of them being, attenuated pathogens can revert to its original form and cause disease.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Are The Four Types Of Vaccines Being Worked On To Fight Coronavirus?

8. Mutation

A change in the genetic structure of a virus which makes it either less harmful or more harmful is called mutation. Once a genetic structure changes, eventually the RNA will also change and hence, the activity of the virus will change. Explaining it in context of COVID-19, Dr Mahajan said,

SARS-CoV-2 may be a fast mutating virus this means its RNA structure or protein structure or genetic structure changes so fast that it may be different in one person and completely different in the tenth person that you detect. Mutation of the virus can affect the virulence of the virus that is how the virus presents a disease.

A change in the virus can lead to different characteristics. It can either be a minor mutation or major mutation where it either becomes weaker or way stronger. For example, influenza virus mutates every year.

It is a thought process that mutations are the reason some people get affected more, said Dr Mehta.

9. Pathogen

A pathogen or infectious agent is a biological agent (bacteria, virus or other microorganisms) that causes disease or illness to its host. For example, microorganism E. coli can cause diarrhoea.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is Convalescent Plasma Therapy And How Effective Is It In Treating COVID-19 Patients?

10. Plasma

Blood plasma, a yellowish liquid is a component of blood and consists of protein, minerals and antibodies. If someone has recovered from COVID-19 there are chances that the person’s body has developed antibodies that helped him/her to fight the virus. The same antibodies, if infused into a critical patient may provide passive immunity and help in the recovery process.

11. Positivity Rate

Positivity rate is the percentage of people who test positive for a particular virus or disease out of the total number of people tested. As of July 16, India’s positivity rate is 7.4 per cent which means out of every 100 individuals who are being tested, 7.4 are testing positive for Coronavirus. In comparison to this, according to John Hopkins University and Medicine, the United States has a positivity rate of 8.5 per cent.

12. R Number

R number refers to the effective reproduction number of COVID-19. In simpler terms, it denotes a disease’s capacity to spread. The R number signifies the average number of people that one infected person will pass the virus on to. For instance, if the R stands at 3, it means one COVID-19 infected person can transmit the virus to three people and those three can further spread the virus to three each. Ideally, R number should be less than 1.

The R number is of three types – R0 (pronounced as R naught), R (eff) and Rt. While R0 measures the average number of people who are infected by a COVID-19 person when no control measures are implemented, R (eff) measures the average number of people that would be infected by a single infectious person, taking into account the public health interventions implemented to contain the spread of the virus.

The effective reproduction number (R) can also be specified for a specific time and is then called Rt. The R0 is affected by biological, socio-behavioural and environmental factors and can fluctuate with a change in these factors, reads an excerpt from the book ‘The Coronavirus – What You Need To Know About The Global Pandemic’.

13. Recovery Rate

Recovery rate means the percentage of people recovering from the disease out of the total number of patients diagnosed. Currently, India has a recovery rate of 63.25 per cent which implies, out of every 100 COVID-19 patients, over 63 are recovering from the contagious disease. Globally, the recovery rate stands at 55.7 per cent.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is A Cytokine Storm And How Is It Fuelling COVID-19? Experts Answer

14. RNA

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a nucleic acid present in all living cells. Like DNA is a building block for life, RNA is a building block of the virus. It produces a protein that determines the viral activity. All coronaviruses are RNA viruses so when the samples are tested to diagnose COVID-19, the team checks for viral RNA and human RNA. Explaining the testing procedure and detecting RNA, Dr Shelly Mahajan, Clinical Lead at CARINGdx, said,

The purpose of testing human RNA is to see whether a sample has been adequately collected or not. There are three genes of viral RNA and if any two genes are expressed in the sample or amplified in our test, we give it out as a positive sample.

15. RT-PCR Test

RT-PCR (Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) is one of the COVID-19 diagnosis tests. For testing, a sample is collected using different methods like a swab is taken from a patient’s throat and nostril. RT-PCR test has a high specificity rate (identify those without the disease and not declare false positives). However, RT-PCR test takes a day to give results as the machine takes in 96 samples at a time so the testing laboratory has to wait for all the samples to be in before processing the results. Less than 96 samples can also be tested but that will increase the cost of the test.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: Different Types Of Tests For COVID-19 And Their Efficacy

16. Spillover Event

Transmission of a virus from one species to another is called a spillover event. The origin of the Novel Coronavirus or SARS-CoV-2 is unknown but it’s being said that the virus may have spilled over to humans from another intermediate host.

17. Super-spreader

In the case of a human borne illness like COVID-19, super-spreader is an individual who is more likely to infect others, and spread the infection to a large number of people. Some patients are super-spreaders for two reasons – they have a virus which is slightly different and more virulent; they come in contact with a whole bunch of people without taking any precautions like wearing a face mask, sanitisation and social distancing.

18. T-Cell

The immune system consists of different kinds of cells including lymphocytes. These cells get activated when the human body is exposed to an attack such as COVID-19.  T-cell is a type of lymphocyte and is a part of the immune response of the body in the fight against any infection or virus. T-cell is one of the soldiers and the essential cells of the body. The key point here, though it’s a part of the immune response, it’s different from antibodies.

Flow cytometry can calculate the absolute number of T cells in the blood even in case of COVID-19 but it is not being done as a routine though, said Dr Harsh Mahajan, Founder Of Mahajan Imaging and Chairman of CARINGdx.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is T-Cell Immunity And How Does It Provide Defense Against COVID-19?

19. Viral Load

The total amount of virus present inside an individual’s body is referred to as their viral load. RT-PCR (Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction) which is considered as the gold standard test for the diagnosis of COVID-19 cannot detect the viral load. Current COVID-19 tests can only look for the presence of the virus.

There are two implications of the amount of the virus present in a human body; firstly, how badly it’ll impact the patient and secondly, how he/she will spread the virus, said Dr Ravindra Mehta

20. Zoonotic

Zoonotic pertains to zoonosis, a term for any disease or infection that is naturally transmissible from vertebrate animals to humans. Zoonotic diseases are caused by harmful germs like viruses, bacterial, parasites, and fungi. These germs can cause many different types of illnesses in people and animals, ranging from mild to serious illness and even death, explains the US top medical body, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is The Post-Pandemic Stage? 

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

5,86,14,614Cases
1,97,37,336Active
3,74,90,171Recovered
13,87,107Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 191 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 5,86,14,614 and 13,87,107 have died; 1,97,37,336 are active cases and 3,74,90,171 have recovered as on November 23, 2020 at 3:52 am.

India

91,39,865 44059Cases
4,43,486 2524Active
85,62,641 41024Recovered
1,33,738 511Deaths
In India, there are 91,39,865 confirmed cases including 1,33,738 deaths. The number of active cases is 4,43,486 and 85,62,641 have recovered as on November 23, 2020 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Mumbai45,478
Thane13,660
Pune9,920
Mumbai Suburban5,363
Aurangabad1,974
Nashik1,575
Raigad1,462
Palghar1,421
Solapur1,291
Jalgaon1,039
Akola757
Nagpur692
Kolhapur646
Satara629
Ratnagiri350
Amravati291
Dhule228
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Ahmednagar190
Nanded176
Yavatmal150
Sangli145
Latur139
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Buldhana88
Parbhani78
gondia69
Beed54
Nandurbar42
Gadchiroli42
Bhandara41
Chandrapur32
Washim13
Wardha11

17,80,208 5,753

82,521 1,643

16,51,064 4,060

46,623 50

DistrictCases
Udupi1,176
Kalaburagi669
Yadgir538
Bengaluru Urban529
Raichur369
Mandya346
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Hassan205
Davangere204
Vijayapura201
Dakshina Kannada179
Chikkaballapura149
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Uttara Kannada95
Shivamogga67
Dharwad61
Ballari60
Gadag45
Bengaluru Rural40
Tumakuru36
Kolar29
Haveri24
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Koppal5
Kodagu4
Ramanagara3
Chamarajanagara0

8,73,046 1,704

24,887 154

8,36,505 1,537

11,654 13

DistrictCases
Kurnool795
Krishna557
Guntur511
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Chittoor319
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Y.S.R.205
West Godavari199
Srikakulam183
Prakasam104
Visakhapatnam103
Vizianagaram23

8,62,213 1,121

14,249 521

8,41,026 1,631

6,938 11

DistrictCases
Chennai23,324
Chengalpattu1,314
Thiruvallur774
Villupuram509
Kanchipuram503
Tiruvannamalai496
Cuddalore477
Ariyalur444
Tirunelveli433
Tuticorin333
Kallakurichi324
Madurai322
Salem258
Coimbatore188
Virudhunagar185
Dindigul175
Perambalur133
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Ramanathapuram119
Tiruppur116
Kanniyakumari110
Tenkasi103
Nagapattinam99
Karur88
Namakkal83
Erode75
Vellore71
Thiruvarur67
Pudukkottai53
Sivaganga46
Tirupathur45
Krishnagiri43
The Nilgiris17
Dharmapuri15

7,69,995 1,655

12,542 374

7,45,848 2,010

11,605 19

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kasaragod333
Palakkad224
Malappuram119
Kollam118
Thrissur106
Thiruvananthapuram104
Pathanamthitta98
Kozhikode90
Alappuzha76
Kottayam73
Ernakulam60
Idukki40
Wayanad36

5,62,695 5,254

65,982 1,000

4,94,664 6,227

2,049 27

DistrictCases
North West5,463
Central4,817
West4,768
New Delhi3,405
North3,059
East2,472
South East2,446
South West2,391
South2,329
North East1,914
Shahdara1,580

5,29,863 6,746

40,212 471

4,81,260 6,154

8,391 121

DistrictCases
Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119
Agra933
Ghaziabad794
Meerut504
Lucknow386
Saharanpur298
Kanpur Nagar286
Moradabad252
Varanasi243
Hapur225
Aligarh215
Basti214
Amethi206
Rampur203
Jaunpur194
Firozabad190
Barabanki168
Gorakhpur166
Bulandshahr166
Siddharth Nagar159
Ghazipur159
Bijnor157
Deoria143
Azamgarh138
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Mathura129
Ayodhya120
Muzaffarnagar117
Sambhal116
Sultanpur97
Ambedkar Nagar92
Maharajganj85
Amroha80
Rae Bareli78
Bahraich73
Kheri72
Kannauj69
Baghpat68
Kushi Nagar67
Bhadohi60
Ballia60
Gonda59
Etah52
Hardoi49
Balrampur49
Mau48
Mainpuri46
Etawah46
Hathras43
Unnao42
Jalaun41
Jhansi41
Shamli40
Chandauli38
Auraiya37
Farrukhabad36
Sitapur32
Prayagraj30
Banda27
Shahjahanpur25
Shravasti23
Budaun23
Mirzapur22
Bareilly17
Kasganj16
Pratapgarh15
Pilibhit15
Sonbhadra10
Kaushambi6
Kanpur Dehat4
Chitrakoot4
Lalitpur3
Hamirpur3
Mahoba3
Fatehpur3

5,26,780 2,557

23,806 335

4,95,415 2,187

7,559 35

DistrictCases
Kolkata2,777
Howrah1,435
24 Paraganas North1,031
Hooghly604
24 Paraganas South281
Maldah235
Dinajpur Uttar216
Coochbehar210
Birbhum206
Medinipur West159
Medinipur East153
Nadia139
Purba Bardhaman130
Murshidabad125
Bankura116
Darjeeling97
Jalpaiguri88
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purulia66
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Alipurduar39
Kalimpong18
Jhargram9

4,56,361 3,591

25,207 184

4,23,129 3,726

8,025 49

DistrictCases
Ganjam581
Jajapur322
Khordha238
Baleshwar190
Kendrapara164
Cuttack155
Bhadrak137
Balangir129
Puri103
Sundargarh102
Jagatsinghapur91
Nayagarh86
Mayurbhanj73
Nuapada69
Gajapati61
Dhenkanal36
Boudh34
Kendujhar34
Deogarh33
Kalahandi33
Sonepur29
Kandhamal28
Anugul26
Malkangiri20
Bargarh16
Koraput16
Sambalpur16
Jharsuguda8
Nabarangpur2
Rayagada2

3,13,961 638

6,508 282

3,05,813 905

1,640 15

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2,475
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Jagitial77
Nizamabad76
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Mancherial43
YadadriBhuvanagiri40
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Vikarabad40
Nalgonda33
Warangal Urban32
Mahabubnagar30
Sangareddy26
Khammam26
Adilabad22
Nirmal21
Karimnagar17
RajannaSircilla16
Medak11
Kamareddy11
Mahabubabad10
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Nagarkurnool8
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Jangoan8
Siddipet7
Peddapalli5
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Warangal Rural4
Mulugu3
Narayanpet3
Wanaparthy1

2,64,128 602

11,227 416

2,51,468 1,015

1,433 3

DistrictCases
Jaipur2,177
Jodhpur1,748
Udaipur724
Bharatpur563
Kota503
Nagaur500
Ajmer379
Dungarpur374
Pali352
Jhalawar329
Bhilwara250
Sikar231
Chittorgarh188
Tonk171
Jalore164
Rajsamand140
Sirohi130
Bikaner112
Banswara91
Alwar90
Churu81
Jhunjhunu64
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Baran59
Jaisalmer53
Barmer34
Hanumangarh31
SawaiMadhopur26
Karauli17
Pratapgarh14
Ganganagar8
Bundi5

2,43,936 3,260

23,190 1,239

2,18,583 2,004

2,163 17

DistrictCases
Patna279
Bhagalpur266
Rohtas256
Khagaria253
Begusarai243
Madhubani199
Munger188
Jehanabad178
Katihar175
Darbhanga143
Samastipur139
Siwan139
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Banka134
Buxar134
Nalanda123
Gopalganj123
Nawada122
Sheikhpura118
Gaya115
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Bhojpur103
Saran101
Muzaffarpur96
Saharsa88
Supaul87
Vaishali87
Madhepura82
Kishanganj75
Aurangabad75
Sitamarhi73
Lakhisarai72
Araria68
Pashchim Champaran57
Arwal52
Jamui47
Sheohar20

2,29,544 367

4,839 243

2,23,484 605

1,221 5

DistrictCases
Bilaspur100
Korba100
Mungeli87
Baloda Bazar85
Jashpur77
Janjgir-Champa56
Mahasamund54
Rajnandgaon52
Kabirdham52
Raigarh47
Raipur46
Balod41
Korea39
Durg31
Bemetara21
Kanker19
Balrampur17
Surguja14
Gariyaband10
Surajpur9
Dhamtari6
Bijapur2
Bastar2
Dantewada0
Kondagaon0
Narayanpur0
Sukma0

2,23,436 1,748

21,393 734

1,99,311 995

2,732 19

DistrictCases
Gurugram2,950
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Rohtak145
Palwal120
Jhajjar114
Karnal104
Hisar98
Ambala93
Panipat78
Nuh68
Bhiwani60
Rewari56
Kurukshetra55
Sirsa50
Kaithal48
Mahendragarh47
CharkiDadri43
Panchkula39
Fatehabad38
Jind38
Yamunanagar19

2,17,300 2,279

20,344 19

1,94,768 2,235

2,188 25

DistrictCases
Kamrup Metro276
Golaghat203
Nagaon143
Hojai89
Dima Hasao86
Karimganj85
Tinsukia84
Cachar80
Dibrugarh61
Hailakandi57
Lakhimpur57
Marigaon50
Dhemaji47
Kamrup42
Kokrajhar37
Dhubri30
Charaideo29
Barpeta28
Udalguri28
Sonitpur27
Jorhat24
Nalbari23
Darrang20
Sivasagar20
Goalpara19
Biswanath16
Baksa14
KarbiAnglong13
Bongaigaon12
Chirang6
West KarbiAnglong5
South SalmaraMancachar4
Majuli2

2,11,513 86

3,142 90

2,07,397 175

974 1

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17,125
Surat2,311
Vadodara1,555
Gandhinagar410
Mahesana159
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Rajkot135
Arvalli134
Mahisagar125
Anand107
PanchMahals107
Patan105
SabarKantha101
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Jamnagar63
Bharuch56
Botad55
Surendranagar55
Valsad47
GirSomnath45
Dohad43
Chhotaudepur37
Naysari35
Junagadh31
Narmada25
DevbhumiDwarka22
Amreli16
Porbandar11
Tapi6
Dang5
Morbi4

1,97,412 1,495

13,600 315

1,79,953 1,167

3,859 13

DistrictCases
Indore3,839
Bhopal1,880
Ujjain799
Burhanpur351
Neemuch319
Jabalpur276
East Nimar266
Sagar228
Gwalior211
Khargone196
Dewas140
Dhar132
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Bhind87
Raisen71
Barwani60
Ratlam51
Rewa39
Shajapur39
Hoshangabad37
Vidisha37
Chhatarpur35
Betul35
Rajgarh31
Dindori29
Sheopur26
Damoh26
Satna24
Anuppur22
Panna20
Tikamgarh18
Sidhi17
Narsinghpur17
Chhindwara16
Agar Malwa15
Mandla15
Shivpuri15
Jhabua14
Shandol14
Singrauli13
Ashoknagar13
Datia12
Sehore12
Umaria10
Balaghat9
Guna8
Harda4
Alirajpur3
Katni3
Seoni2
Niwari0

1,93,044 1,798

11,765 573

1,78,117 1,212

3,162 13

DistrictCases
Amritsar485
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Tarn Taran163
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
S.A.S Nagar137
Patiala132
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Pathankot86
Rupnagar (Ropar)74
Faridkot74
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Moga65
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Firozepur50
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Barnala25

1,46,346 679

6,724 163

1,35,008 497

4,614 19

DistrictCases
East Singhbum170
Ranchi148
Hazaribagh110
Garhwa80
Ramgarh75
Koderma58
Simdega48
Dhanbad32
Gumla28
Palamu27
West Singhbhum21
SaraikelaKharsawan20
Giridih19
Bokaro16
Latehar14
Khunti10
Lohardaga8
Deoghar5
Dumka5
Pakur4
Jamtara2
Godda2
Chatra1
Sahebganj0

1,07,469 137

2,289 141

1,04,229 272

951 6

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Srinagar300
Kulgam295
Baramulla271
Shopian255
Kupwara231
Bandipora175
Udhampur155
Ramban151
Jammu138
Budgam110
Pulwama108
Kathua53
Rajouri39
Ganderbal37
Poonch35
Doda27
Reasi26
Samba25
Kishtwar10
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0

1,06,548 564

5,700 20

99,219 579

1,629 5

DistrictCases
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Tehri Garhwal110
Haridwar94
Udam Singh Nagar83
Almora71
Champawat45
Pithoragarh43
Chamoli36
PauriGarhwal36
Bageshwar31
Rudraprayag30
Uttar Kashi24

71,256 466

4,368 286

65,733 171

1,155 9

DistrictCases
South Goa69
North Goa57

46,826 78

1,170 91

44,979 167

677 2

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Mahe4
Karaikal2
Yanam0

36,693 45

559 43

35,525 88

609

DistrictCases
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Una41
Solan32
Chamba29
Bilaspur21
Mandi21
Sirmaur11
Shimla10
Kullu4
Kinnaur2
Lahaul And Spiti0

34,327 627

7,034 36

26,756 644

537 19

DistrictCases
Dhalai196
Sepahijala174
Gomati74
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45
Khowai24
North Tripura14

32,434 19

796 74

31,269 90

369 3

DistrictCases
Churachandpur32
Kangpokpi26
Imphal West21
Thoubal18
Imphal East10
Tengnoupal9
Bishnupur7
Senapati6
Chandel5
Kamjong5
Ukhrul4
Jiribam3
Pherzawl3
Kakching2
Tamenglong2
Noney1

23,400 382

3,146 174

20,018 205

236 3

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

16,671 80

1,094 41

15,317 119

260 2

DistrictCases
Changlang31
Papum Pare8
Lohit3
Namsai2
West Siang1
East Siang1
Upper Siang1
Tawang1
PakkeKessang1
West Kameng0
Upper Subansiri0
Tirap0
Siang0
Shi Yomi0
Anjaw0
Lower Subansiri0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Longding0
Leparada0
KurungKumey0
KraDaadi0
Kamle0
East Kameng0
Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0

16,061 24

1,040 11

14,972 35

49

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
West Garo Hills5
South West Garo Hills4
North Garo Hills1
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Khasi Hills0

11,339 70

894 31

10,335 99

110 2

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Mon8
Kohima7
Kiphire3
Tuensang3
Peren2
Phek1
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

10,777 103

1,410 35

9,308 66

59 2

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

7,939 73

928 16

6,911 55

100 2

DistrictCases
East District3
South District3
North District0
West District0

4,722 31

278 11

4,345 41

99 1

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

4,641 10

140 2

4,440 12

61

DistrictCases
Kolasib11
Aizawl10
Mamit8
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Saitual1
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Saiha0
Serchhip0

3,660 13

463 22

3,192 35

5

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

3,321 4

39 0

3,280 4

2

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

0

0 0

0

0

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