Coronavirus Explainer: 20 COVID-19 Related Terms And What These Mean

Coronavirus Explainer: 20 COVID-19 Related Terms And What These Mean

Here is a guide to the terms that are now being commonly used with regards to the SARS-CoV2 virus that causes COVID-19
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Coronavirus Explainer: 15 COVID-19 Related Terms And What These MeanHere is a glossary of terms associated with the virus causing COVID-19 and its treatment
Highlights
  • Coronavirus outbreak was first reported in China’s Wuhan in December 2019
  • Across the world, over 1.3 crore cases of Coronavirus have been recorded
  • India is the third worst-hit nation by COVID-19

New Delhi: It was called the Novel Coronavirus given that it was a new virus about which nothing was known. Almost seven months since the outbreak was first reported in Wuhan, China, scientists across the globe are working round the clock to learn more about the virus. As they discover unknown aspects that can help put a check on the spread or help develop a cure, there are some terms that are being commonly used in the course of this pandemic. Here is a glossary of 15 such terms associated with the virus causing COVID-19 and its treatment.

Also Read: 6 Months On, A Recap Of How the Coronavirus Pandemic Unfolded

1. Aerosol

When you spray deodorant or perfume and fine particles come out, that’s an aerosol. It can come out in different circumstances like in hospitals, when we put a tube inside a patient’s mouth to help in breathing explained Dr Rajesh Parikh, Director, Medical Research at Jaslok Hospital and the author of a book ‘The Coronavirus – What You Need To Know About The Global Pandemic’.

In epidemiology, aerosols or droplet nuclei refer to droplets less than or equal to 5 micron in diameter. Aerosols remain infectious when suspended in air over long distances and time.

According to WHO, Airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2 can occur during medical procedures that generate aerosols. However, it is still evaluating whether SARS-CoV-2 may also spread through aerosols in indoor settings with poor ventilation.

Also Read: Precautions To Take Till Airborne Transmission Of COVID-19 Is Further Researched And WHO Assesses The ‘Emerging Evidence’

2. Antibody

Antibodies are proteins produced by a human body and used by the immune system to identify and neutralise foreign objects such as bacteria and viruses. Explaining the term in detail, Dr Mugdha Tapdiya, Senior Consultant, Internal Medicine at Fortis Hospital in Delhi’s Vasant Kunj said,

Antibodies are the immune response that our body develops against any infection. After contracting the COVID-19 infection, it takes one to three weeks for antibodies to develop. There are two kinds of antibodies – IgM (Immunoglobulin M) and IgG (Immunoglobulin G).

While IgM develops at an early phase of the infection, typically after the first week of contracting the virus, IgG antibodies are more likely to show up later – when an individual has recovered from the infection. IgM disappears after six weeks whereas IgG stays on for a longer period of time. However, as of now, it is not clear for how long IgG gives immunity against COVID-19.

IgM tells us that an individual has been exposed and he/she is either entering early immune phase or established immune phase, said Dr Ravindra Mehta, Chief of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine at Apollo Hospitals in Bengaluru.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is Antibody Test And What Role Does It Play In The Fight Against COVID-19?

3. Antigen

When a virus enters a human body, it carries some characteristics on its surface and that’s called antigen. In simpler terms, antigen is particular attributes of the virus which helps our immune system and body in identifying the virus. Explaining the same with an example, Dr Ravindra Mehta, said,

Let’s say I’m COVID-19 and on my surface, I have a particular shirt, it’s a green shirt. This green shirt is like antigen. When an antigen test is done, it looks for the characteristics of the virus. Here, the test will lookout for a green shirt.

4. Fatality Rate

The fatality or mortality rate indicates the percentage of people dying because of the virus or disease. In epidemiology, a case fatality rate (CFR) is the percentage of deaths out of the total number of people who have been diagnosed with the disease. In the context of COVID-19, India’s fatality rate is 2.57 per cent (as on July 16) that is out of every 100 COVID-19 patients, two to three people are losing the battle against COVID-19. Globally, the fatality rate is 4.3 per cent.

Also Read: 6 Months On, What Do We Know About The Coronavirus Pandemic

5. Fomite

Fomite is a technical term for contaminated objects and surfaces. Respiratory secretions or droplets expelled by infected individuals can contaminate surfaces and objects, creating fomites (contaminated surfaces).

Explaining how fomite transmission occurs, Dr Ravindra Mehta said,

Respiratory droplets expelled from our mouth can settle on surfaces and stay active for certain hours. Various studies have shown that COVID-19 survives for 12 hours to three days, depending on the surface. Let’s say I’m in a cafeteria, with my hands on the table. After a few minutes, I touch my nose and mouth. Here, I don’t know how many people visited the cafeteria before me, sat on the same table and whether or not the table was clean. But this way, the virus can reach my respiratory tract. Hence, the advice to not touch eyes, nose, and mouth and disinfect surfaces frequently.

From clothes, furniture, to doorknobs, any surface can be a fomite.

Also Read: Coronavirus Prevention: How To Wash Fruits, Vegetables And Other Perishables To Safeguard Them From Virus

6. Inactivated Vaccines

Inactivated vaccines are made from microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, other) that have been killed through physical or chemical processes. These killed organisms cannot cause disease, states the WHO. Since inactivated vaccines do not contain live components, there is no risk involved. However, they may not induce an immune response after the first dose. Also, the response may not be long-lived. Inactivated polio vaccine was built using the same method.

7. Live Attenuated Vaccines

According to a document ‘types of vaccine and adverse reactions’ published by the WHO, live attenuated vaccines (LAV) are derived from disease – causing pathogens (virus or bacteria) that have been weakened under laboratory conditions. They will grow in a vaccinated individual, but because they are weak, they will cause no or very mild disease.

Using a weakened or inactivated form of the SARS-CoV-2 will help create a long-lasting immunity. Because the vaccine will be so similar to the natural infection that it helps prevents the virus by creating a strong and long-lasting immune response. Just 1 or 2 doses of most virus vaccines can give you a lifetime of protection against a germ and the disease it causes, said an expert from the Public Health Foundation of India.

In the past, numerous vaccines have been made using the LAV method. For example, BCG vaccine for Tuberculosis, oral polio vaccine, yellow fever, rotavirus, and others.

Live attenuated vaccines are less safe in comparison to inactivated vaccines for various reasons. One of them being, attenuated pathogens can revert to its original form and cause disease.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Are The Four Types Of Vaccines Being Worked On To Fight Coronavirus?

8. Mutation

A change in the genetic structure of a virus which makes it either less harmful or more harmful is called mutation. Once a genetic structure changes, eventually the RNA will also change and hence, the activity of the virus will change. Explaining it in context of COVID-19, Dr Mahajan said,

SARS-CoV-2 may be a fast mutating virus this means its RNA structure or protein structure or genetic structure changes so fast that it may be different in one person and completely different in the tenth person that you detect. Mutation of the virus can affect the virulence of the virus that is how the virus presents a disease.

A change in the virus can lead to different characteristics. It can either be a minor mutation or major mutation where it either becomes weaker or way stronger. For example, influenza virus mutates every year.

It is a thought process that mutations are the reason some people get affected more, said Dr Mehta.

9. Pathogen

A pathogen or infectious agent is a biological agent (bacteria, virus or other microorganisms) that causes disease or illness to its host. For example, microorganism E. coli can cause diarrhoea.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is Convalescent Plasma Therapy And How Effective Is It In Treating COVID-19 Patients?

10. Plasma

Blood plasma, a yellowish liquid is a component of blood and consists of protein, minerals and antibodies. If someone has recovered from COVID-19 there are chances that the person’s body has developed antibodies that helped him/her to fight the virus. The same antibodies, if infused into a critical patient may provide passive immunity and help in the recovery process.

11. Positivity Rate

Positivity rate is the percentage of people who test positive for a particular virus or disease out of the total number of people tested. As of July 16, India’s positivity rate is 7.4 per cent which means out of every 100 individuals who are being tested, 7.4 are testing positive for Coronavirus. In comparison to this, according to John Hopkins University and Medicine, the United States has a positivity rate of 8.5 per cent.

12. R Number

R number refers to the effective reproduction number of COVID-19. In simpler terms, it denotes a disease’s capacity to spread. The R number signifies the average number of people that one infected person will pass the virus on to. For instance, if the R stands at 3, it means one COVID-19 infected person can transmit the virus to three people and those three can further spread the virus to three each. Ideally, R number should be less than 1.

The R number is of three types – R0 (pronounced as R naught), R (eff) and Rt. While R0 measures the average number of people who are infected by a COVID-19 person when no control measures are implemented, R (eff) measures the average number of people that would be infected by a single infectious person, taking into account the public health interventions implemented to contain the spread of the virus.

The effective reproduction number (R) can also be specified for a specific time and is then called Rt. The R0 is affected by biological, socio-behavioural and environmental factors and can fluctuate with a change in these factors, reads an excerpt from the book ‘The Coronavirus – What You Need To Know About The Global Pandemic’.

13. Recovery Rate

Recovery rate means the percentage of people recovering from the disease out of the total number of patients diagnosed. Currently, India has a recovery rate of 63.25 per cent which implies, out of every 100 COVID-19 patients, over 63 are recovering from the contagious disease. Globally, the recovery rate stands at 55.7 per cent.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is A Cytokine Storm And How Is It Fuelling COVID-19? Experts Answer

14. RNA

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a nucleic acid present in all living cells. Like DNA is a building block for life, RNA is a building block of the virus. It produces a protein that determines the viral activity. All coronaviruses are RNA viruses so when the samples are tested to diagnose COVID-19, the team checks for viral RNA and human RNA. Explaining the testing procedure and detecting RNA, Dr Shelly Mahajan, Clinical Lead at CARINGdx, said,

The purpose of testing human RNA is to see whether a sample has been adequately collected or not. There are three genes of viral RNA and if any two genes are expressed in the sample or amplified in our test, we give it out as a positive sample.

15. RT-PCR Test

RT-PCR (Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) is one of the COVID-19 diagnosis tests. For testing, a sample is collected using different methods like a swab is taken from a patient’s throat and nostril. RT-PCR test has a high specificity rate (identify those without the disease and not declare false positives). However, RT-PCR test takes a day to give results as the machine takes in 96 samples at a time so the testing laboratory has to wait for all the samples to be in before processing the results. Less than 96 samples can also be tested but that will increase the cost of the test.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: Different Types Of Tests For COVID-19 And Their Efficacy

16. Spillover Event

Transmission of a virus from one species to another is called a spillover event. The origin of the Novel Coronavirus or SARS-CoV-2 is unknown but it’s being said that the virus may have spilled over to humans from another intermediate host.

17. Super-spreader

In the case of a human borne illness like COVID-19, super-spreader is an individual who is more likely to infect others, and spread the infection to a large number of people. Some patients are super-spreaders for two reasons – they have a virus which is slightly different and more virulent; they come in contact with a whole bunch of people without taking any precautions like wearing a face mask, sanitisation and social distancing.

18. T-Cell

The immune system consists of different kinds of cells including lymphocytes. These cells get activated when the human body is exposed to an attack such as COVID-19.  T-cell is a type of lymphocyte and is a part of the immune response of the body in the fight against any infection or virus. T-cell is one of the soldiers and the essential cells of the body. The key point here, though it’s a part of the immune response, it’s different from antibodies.

Flow cytometry can calculate the absolute number of T cells in the blood even in case of COVID-19 but it is not being done as a routine though, said Dr Harsh Mahajan, Founder Of Mahajan Imaging and Chairman of CARINGdx.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is T-Cell Immunity And How Does It Provide Defense Against COVID-19?

19. Viral Load

The total amount of virus present inside an individual’s body is referred to as their viral load. RT-PCR (Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction) which is considered as the gold standard test for the diagnosis of COVID-19 cannot detect the viral load. Current COVID-19 tests can only look for the presence of the virus.

There are two implications of the amount of the virus present in a human body; firstly, how badly it’ll impact the patient and secondly, how he/she will spread the virus, said Dr Ravindra Mehta

20. Zoonotic

Zoonotic pertains to zoonosis, a term for any disease or infection that is naturally transmissible from vertebrate animals to humans. Zoonotic diseases are caused by harmful germs like viruses, bacterial, parasites, and fungi. These germs can cause many different types of illnesses in people and animals, ranging from mild to serious illness and even death, explains the US top medical body, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Also Read: Coronavirus Outbreak Explained: What Is The Post-Pandemic Stage? 

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

1,98,54,583Cases
70,07,751Active
1,21,15,736Recovered
7,31,096Deaths
Coronavirus has spread to 188 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 1,98,54,583 and 7,31,096 have died; 70,07,751 are active cases and 1,21,15,736 have recovered as on August 10, 2020 at 4:12 am.

India

22,15,074 62064Cases
6,34,945 6198Active
15,35,743 54859Recovered
44,386 1007Deaths
In India, there are 22,15,074 confirmed cases including 44,386 deaths. The number of active cases is 6,34,945 and 15,35,743 have recovered as on August 10, 2020 at 2:30 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
DistrictCases
Akola757
Aurangabad1974
Dhule228
Jalgaon1039
Mumbai45478
Mumbai Suburban5363
Nagpur692
Nashik1575
Palghar1421
Pune9920
Satara629
Solapur1291
Thane13660
Yavatmal150
Ahmednagar190
Amravati291
Beed54
Bhandara41
Buldhana88
Chandrapur32
Hingoli208
Jalna201
Kolhapur646
Latur139
Nanded176
Nandurbar42
Parbhani78
Raigad1462
Ratnagiri350
Sangli145
Gadchiroli42
gondia69
Osmanabad125
Sindhudurg114
Wardha11
Washim13

515332 12248

145865

351710 13348

17757 390

DistrictCases
Chittoor319
Guntur511
Krishna557
Kurnool795
Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296
Anantapur428
East Godavari356
Prakasam104
Srikakulam183
Visakhapatnam103
West Godavari199
Y.S.R.205
Vizianagaram23

227860 10820

87112 1626

138712 9097

2036 97

DistrictCases
Bengaluru Rural40
Bengaluru Urban529
Mysuru107
Bagalkote103
Ballari60
Belagavi337
Bidar219
Chikkaballapura149
Dakshina Kannada179
Dharwad61
Gadag45
Kalaburagi669
Mandya346
Tumakuru36
Uttara Kannada95
Vijayapura201
Chamarajanagara0
Chikkamagaluru19
Chitradurga14
Davangere204
Hassan205
Haveri24
Kodagu4
Kolar29
Koppal5
Raichur369
Ramanagara3
Shivamogga67
Udupi1176
Yadgir538

178087 5985

80981 1208

93908 4670

3198 107

DistrictCases
North Goa57
South Goa69

8712 506

2642 310

5995 193

75 3

DistrictCases
Chengalpattu1314
Chennai23324
Kanchipuram503
Madurai322
Namakkal83
Ranipet133
Thanjavur130
Thiruvallur774
Thiruvarur67
Tiruppur116
Vellore71
Virudhunagar185
Ariyalur444
Coimbatore188
Cuddalore477
Dharmapuri15
Dindigul175
Erode75
Kallakurichi324
Kanniyakumari110
Karur88
Nagapattinam99
Perambalur133
Pudukkottai53
Ramanathapuram119
Salem258
Sivaganga46
Tenkasi103
The Nilgiris17
Theni129
Tiruchirappalli119
Tirunelveli433
Tirupathur45
Tiruvannamalai496
Tuticorin333
Villupuram509
Krishnagiri43

296901 5994

53336

238638 6020

4927 119

DistrictCases
Kannur357
Kottayam73
Alappuzha76
Idukki40
Kasaragod333
Kollam118
Kozhikode90
Malappuram119
Palakkad224
Pathanamthitta98
Thiruvananthapuram104
Thrissur106
Ernakulam60
Wayanad36

34331 1211

12391 239

21832 970

108 2

DistrictCases
Raipur46
Korba100
Balod41
Baloda Bazar85
Balrampur17
Bastar2
Bemetara21
Bijapur2
Bilaspur100
Dantewada0
Dhamtari6
Durg31
Gariyaband10
Janjgir-Champa56
Jashpur77
Kabirdham52
Kanker19
Kondagaon0
Korea39
Mahasamund54
Mungeli87
Narayanpur0
Raigarh47
Rajnandgaon52
Sukma0
Surajpur9
Surguja14

12148 405

3243 171

8809 227

96 7

DistrictCases
Hyderabad2475
MedchalMalkajgiri75
Ranga Reddy183
Suryapet87
Vikarabad40
Warangal Urban32
Adilabad22
Jagitial77
Jangoan8
Jayashankar Bhupalapally9
Jogulamba Gadwal40
Kamareddy11
Karimnagar17
Khammam26
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8
Mahabubnagar30
Mancherial43
Medak11
Nalgonda33
Narayanpet3
Nirmal21
Nizamabad76
RajannaSircilla16
Sangareddy26
Bhadradri Kothagudem5
Mahabubabad10
Mulugu3
Nagarkurnool8
Peddapalli5
Siddipet7
Wanaparthy1
Warangal Rural4
YadadriBhuvanagiri40

80751 1256

22528

57586 1587

637 10

DistrictCases
Baleshwar190
Bhadrak137
Jajapur322
Dhenkanal36
Kalahandi33
Kendrapara164
Khordha238
Koraput16
Sundargarh102
Anugul26
Balangir129
Bargarh16
Boudh34
Cuttack155
Deogarh33
Gajapati61
Ganjam581
Jagatsinghapur91
Jharsuguda8
Kandhamal28
Kendujhar34
Malkangiri20
Mayurbhanj73
Nabarangpur2
Nayagarh86
Nuapada69
Puri103
Rayagada2
Sambalpur16
Sonepur29

45927 1734

13870 178

31785 1543

272 13

DistrictCases
Barwani60
Bhopal1880
Dewas140
Dhar132
East Nimar266
Gwalior211
Indore3839
Jabalpur276
Ujjain799
Agar Malwa15
Alirajpur3
Betul35
Burhanpur351
Chhindwara16
Dindori29
Harda4
Hoshangabad37
Khargone196
Mandsaur112
Morena109
Raisen71
Ratlam51
Sagar228
Shajapur39
Shandol14
Sheopur26
Tikamgarh18
Vidisha37
Anuppur22
Ashoknagar13
Balaghat9
Bhind87
Chhatarpur35
Damoh26
Datia12
Guna8
Jhabua14
Katni3
Mandla15
Narsinghpur17
Neemuch319
Niwari0
Panna20
Rajgarh31
Rewa39
Satna24
Sehore12
Seoni2
Shivpuri15
Sidhi17
Singrauli13
Umaria10

39025 868

9009 182

29020 667

996 19

DistrictCases
Ahmadabad17125
Anand107
Arvalli134
Banas Kantha147
Bhavnagar146
Gandhinagar410
PanchMahals107
Surat2311
Vadodara1555
Bharuch56
Botad55
Chhotaudepur37
Dang5
Dohad43
GirSomnath45
Jamnagar63
Kachchh99
Kheda98
Mahesana159
Mahisagar125
Narmada25
Naysari35
Patan105
Rajkot135
SabarKantha101
Surendranagar55
Tapi6
Valsad47
Amreli16
DevbhumiDwarka22
Junagadh31
Morbi4
Porbandar11

70965 1096

14147

54166 1311

2652 24

DistrictCases
Ajmer379
Banswara91
Bharatpur563
Jaipur2177
Jhalawar329
Jodhpur1748
Kota503
Nagaur500
Alwar90
Barmer34
Bhilwara250
Bikaner112
Chittorgarh188
Churu81
Dausa61
Dholpur60
Dungarpur374
Hanumangarh31
Jaisalmer53
Jhunjhunu64
Karauli17
Pali352
Rajsamand140
SawaiMadhopur26
Sikar231
Tonk171
Udaipur724
Baran59
Bundi5
Ganganagar8
Jalore164
Pratapgarh14
Sirohi130

52497 1169

13473 86

38235 1072

789 11

DistrictCases
Faridabad867
Sonipat404
Ambala93
Bhiwani60
CharkiDadri43
Fatehabad38
Gurugram2950
Hisar98
Jhajjar114
Jind38
Kaithal48
Karnal104
Kurukshetra55
Nuh68
Palwal120
Panchkula39
Panipat78
Rohtak145
Sirsa50
Yamunanagar19
Mahendragarh47
Rewari56

41635 792

6371 33

34781 750

483 9

DistrictCases
Agra933
Aligarh215
Amroha80
Bareilly17
Bijnor157
Bulandshahr166
Firozabad190
Gautam Buddha Nagar1119
Kanpur Nagar286
Lucknow386
Mathura129
Meerut504
Moradabad252
Muzaffarnagar117
Rae Bareli78
Rampur203
Saharanpur298
Sant Kabeer Nagar132
Varanasi243
Auraiya37
Ayodhya120
Azamgarh138
Baghpat68
Bahraich73
Balrampur49
Banda27
Basti214
Bhadohi60
Budaun23
Etah52
Etawah46
Ghaziabad794
Ghazipur159
Gonda59
Gorakhpur166
Hapur225
Hardoi49
Jalaun41
Jaunpur194
Jhansi41
Kannauj69
Kasganj16
Kaushambi6
Mainpuri46
Mau48
Mirzapur22
Pilibhit15
Pratapgarh15
Prayagraj30
Sambhal116
Shamli40
Shravasti23
Sitapur32
Sultanpur97
Unnao42
Ambedkar Nagar92
Amethi206
Ballia60
Barabanki168
Chandauli38
Chitrakoot4
Deoria143
Farrukhabad36
Fatehpur3
Hamirpur3
Hathras43
Kanpur Dehat4
Kheri72
Kushi Nagar67
Lalitpur3
Maharajganj85
Mahoba3
Shahjahanpur25
Siddharth Nagar159
Sonbhadra10

122609 4571

47890 1713

72650 2817

2069 41

DistrictCases
Central4817
East2472
New Delhi3405
North3059
North East1914
North West5463
Shahdara1580
South2329
South East2446
South West2391
West4768

145427 1300

10729 62

130587 1225

4111 13

DistrictCases
Dhubri30
Goalpara19
Marigaon50
Baksa14
Barpeta28
Biswanath16
Bongaigaon12
Cachar80
Charaideo29
Chirang6
Darrang20
Dhemaji47
Dibrugarh61
Dima Hasao86
Golaghat203
Hailakandi57
Hojai89
Jorhat24
Kamrup42
Kamrup Metro276
KarbiAnglong13
Karimganj85
Kokrajhar37
Lakhimpur57
Majuli2
Nagaon143
Nalbari23
Sivasagar20
Sonitpur27
South SalmaraMancachar4
Tinsukia84
Udalguri28
West KarbiAnglong5

58837 1123

16367

42325 1734

145 5

DistrictCases
East District3
North District0
South District3
West District0

866 6

371

494 24

1

DistrictCases
Buxar134
Gaya115
Munger188
Patna279
Rohtas256
Arwal52
Aurangabad75
Banka134
Begusarai243
Bhagalpur266
Bhojpur103
Darbhanga143
Gopalganj123
Jehanabad178
Kaimur (bhabua)105
Lakhisarai72
Madhepura82
Madhubani199
Nalanda123
Nawada122
PurbiChamparan138
Purnia135
Saran101
Siwan139
Vaishali87
Araria68
Jamui47
Katihar175
Khagaria253
Kishanganj75
Muzaffarpur96
Pashchim Champaran57
Saharsa88
Samastipur139
Sheikhpura118
Sheohar20
Sitamarhi73
Supaul87

79451 4157

27906 1237

51158 2915

387 5

DistrictCases
24 Paraganas North1031
24 Paraganas South281
Darjeeling97
Howrah1435
Jalpaiguri88
Kalimpong18
Kolkata2777
Maldah235
Medinipur East153
Medinipur West159
Hooghly604
Murshidabad125
Nadia139
Paschim Bardhaman70
Purba Bardhaman130
Alipurduar39
Bankura116
Birbhum206
Coochbehar210
Dinajpur Dakshin50
Dinajpur Uttar216
Jhargram9
Purulia66

95554 2939

26375 889

67120 1996

2059 54

DistrictCases
South Andamans33
Nicobars1
North And Middle Andaman1

1490 139

822

648 148

20

DistrictCases
Pondicherry111
Karaikal2
Mahe4
Yanam0

5382 259

2094 105

3201 147

87 7

DistrictCases
Anjaw0
Changlang31
Dibang Valley0
East Kameng0
East Siang1
Kamle0
KraDaadi0
KurungKumey0
Leparada0
Lohit3
Longding0
Lower Dibang Valley0
Lower Siang0
Lower Subansiri0
Namsai2
PakkeKessang1
Papum Pare8
Shi Yomi0
Siang0
Tawang1
Tirap0
Upper Siang1
Upper Subansiri0
West Kameng0
West Siang1

2155 38

670

1482 52

3

DistrictCases
Dimapur20
Kiphire3
Kohima7
Longleng0
Mokokchung0
Mon8
Peren2
Phek1
Tuensang3
Wokha0
Zunheboto0

2781 93

1869 84

904 8

8 1

DistrictCases
Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

1564 108

441 24

1121 84

2

DistrictCases
Ranchi148
Bokaro16
Deoghar5
Dhanbad32
Garhwa80
Giridih19
Hazaribagh110
Jamtara2
Koderma58
Simdega48
Chatra1
Dumka5
East Singhbum170
Godda2
Gumla28
Khunti10
Latehar14
Lohardaga8
Pakur4
Palamu27
Ramgarh75
Sahebganj0
SaraikelaKharsawan20
West Singhbhum21

18138 1044

9123 307

8838 715

177 22

DistrictCases
Gomati74
North Tripura14
Dhalai196
Khowai24
Sepahijala174
South Tripura53
Unakoti49
West Tripura45

6208 62

1723

4443 267

42 1

DistrictCases
Kargil77
LehLadakh43

1688 49

457 41

1222 8

9

DistrictCases
Anantnag395
Bandipora175
Shopian255
Srinagar300
Baramulla271
Budgam110
Ganderbal37
Jammu138
Kathua53
Kulgam295
Kupwara231
Rajouri39
Ramban151
Reasi26
Samba25
Udhampur155
Mirpur0
Muzaffarabad0
Doda27
Kishtwar10
Poonch35
Pulwama108

24897 507

7422 158

17003 336

472 13

DistrictCases
Chamba29
Hamirpur117
Kangra105
Sirmaur11
Solan32
Una41
Bilaspur21
Kinnaur2
Kullu4
Lahaul And Spiti0
Mandi21
Shimla10

3371 107

1175 6

2181 100

15 1

DistrictCases
Jalandhar297
Ludhiana293
Patiala132
Amritsar485
Barnala25
Faridkot74
Firozepur50
Gurdaspur154
Hoshiarpur140
Kapurthala44
Mansa31
Moga65
Pathankot86
S.A.S Nagar137
Sangrur107
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99
Sri Muktsar Sahib71
Tarn Taran163
Bathinda60
Fatehgarh Sahib57
Fazilka53
Rupnagar (Ropar)74

23903 975

7998 512

15319 439

586 24

DistrictCases
Haridwar94
Dehradun370
Nainital323
Almora71
Bageshwar31
Chamoli36
Champawat45
PauriGarhwal36
Pithoragarh43
Rudraprayag30
Tehri Garhwal110
Udam Singh Nagar83
Uttar Kashi24

9632 230

3373 51

6134 171

125 8

DistrictCases
Bishnupur7
Chandel5
Churachandpur32
Imphal East10
Imphal West21
Jiribam3
Kakching2
Kamjong5
Kangpokpi26
Noney1
Pherzawl3
Senapati6
Tamenglong2
Tengnoupal9
Thoubal18
Ukhrul4

3753 118

1698 1

2044 117

11

DistrictCases
Chandigarh313

1515 89

586 56

904 32

25 1

DistrictCases
East Khasi Hills22
East Garo Hills0
East Jaintia Hills0
North Garo Hills1
Ribhoi0
South Garo Hills0
South West Garo Hills4
South West Khasi Hills0
West Garo Hills5
West Jaintia Hills1
West Khasi Hills1

1062 39

566

490 67

6

DistrictCases
Aizawl10
Champhai0
Hnahthial0
Khawzawl0
Kolasib11
Lawngtlai2
Lunglei2
Mamit8
Saiha0
Saitual1
Serchhip0

620 27

322 25

298 2

0

DistrictCases
Lakshadweep District0

0

0

0

0

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