New Delhi: Madhya Pradesh’s Indore has been given the title of India’s cleanest city for the fifth consecutive year, as per the Swachh Survekshan 2021 – the annual survey of cleanliness, hygiene and sanitation in cities and towns of the country. The
results were announced by President Ram Nath Kovind at a function held in the Capital on Saturday (November 20).
Surat and Vijaywada were ranked second and third cleanest cities in the Swachh Survekshan 2021 list, whereas, in states, Chattisgarh was ranked on top for the third consecutive year, followed by Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.
Presenting the awards, President Ram Nath Kovind said,
This year, Indore city has secured the first position for the fifth time in a row. It is commendable to get the first position in the whole country, but what is even more commendable is that Indore has been maintaining that place for five years in a row.
इस वर्ष इंदौर शहर ने लगातार पाँचवी बार प्रथम स्थान प्राप्त किया है। पूरे देश में प्रथम स्थान प्राप्त करना तो सराहनीय है ही, उस स्थान को निरंतर बनाए रखना उससे भी अधिक प्रशंसनीय है। pic.twitter.com/lOcWT1x5WZ
— President of India (@rashtrapatibhvn) November 20, 2021
Congratulating the people of Madhya Pradesh, especially Indore, Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan said,
Under the guidance of our Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Madhya Pradesh has achieved a new era of cleanliness. I feel very proud to announce that Indore is on top once again. Madhya Pradesh has been honoured to receive 35 awards in this year’s Swachh Survekshan awards. I would like to congratulate each and every citizen of the state, municipal workers and members of authorities, who have made sure, Madhya Pradesh remains on top.
यशस्वी पीएम श्री @narendramodi जी का मध्यप्रदेश के 8.50 करोड़ नागरिकों की ओर से अभिनंदन करता हूं। उनके मार्गदर्शन में भारत स्वच्छता के नए युग में प्रवेश कर रहा है। इस साल स्वच्छता में इंदौर 5वीं बार शीर्ष पर है। 35 सम्मान मध्यप्रदेश के खाते में आए हैं। #SwachhSurvekshanAwards pic.twitter.com/Ok1QOEf31k
— Shivraj Singh Chouhan (@ChouhanShivraj) November 20, 2021
Union Minister for Housing & Urban Affairs, Hardeep Singh Puri also congratulated the people of Indore, he said,
Indore is India’s cleanest city for the 5th year in a row. Heartiest congratulations to the people, political leadership, Municipal Corporation, Swachhagrahis & Safaimitras for their exemplary commitment towards keeping the city on top.
Indore is India’s cleanest city for the 5th year in a row.
Heartiest congratulations to the people, political leadership, Municipal Corporation, Swachhagrahis & Safaimitras for their exemplary commitment towards keeping the city on top. @rashtrapatibhvn @ChouhanShivraj pic.twitter.com/ShLcbXkGzc
— Hardeep Singh Puri (@HardeepSPuri) November 20, 2021
A Look At How Indore Continued To Retain Its Title
Indore is the largest city in the state of Madhya Pradesh. The city has managed to win the top rank every year since 2017. Indore has continued to retain its position as every year the city manages to sustain its previous title and move ahead and make city more sustainable, green and eco-friendly. After making the whole city Open Defecation Free (ODF) and landfill-free, from last few years, Indore Municipal Corporation (IMC) has been making the city cleaner by focusing on waste management at source. The agenda of the municipal corporation is to make recycling, reusing and disposing off the waste faster and in a more organised way.
The city has now moved to six-bin segregation of waste at source for the household/commercial place level which include separate bins for dry waste, wet waste, plastic waste, e-waste, domestic sanitary waste, and domestic hazardous waste.
Speaking to NDTV about Indore’s initiatives, Asad Warsi, Centre’s Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’s adviser for Indore Municipal Corporation, said,
One of the reasons why we have been able to retain India’s cleanest city title is because of the trust and cooperation from the people of the city.
Explaining the initiatives, he said, “One of the major focus areas that Indore sweared by is waste management.”
Mr. Warsi further added,
On average, the per day waste generation by the city includes 530 tonnes of wet waste, 460 tonnes of dry waste, 14 tonnes of plastic waste, 2.5 tonnes of e-waste, 11 tonnes of sanitary waste, and 3.5 tonnes of hazardous waste. To deal with each kind of waste in the city, we have created a separate system. The city has also been working on strategies to eliminate waste generation at the source itself and has been able to establish four wards as zero-waste wards.
Further explaining how the city’s waste management system works, Mr Warsi added,
The waste collected by the municipal corporation is transported in covered vehicles and the transportation and processing of 100 per cent of the waste is done on the same day. The IMC has also established several wet waste processing plants to process its wet waste. Indore is also undertaking an initiative to convert waste into energy with an aim to deal with wet waste and at the same time reduce the city’s dependence on fossil fuel which causes more air pollution. The Waste-to-Energy plant installed by IMC converts wet waste into 95 per cent pure biogas called Methane which is further converted into CNG (Compressed Natural Gas).
Talking about other ways in which city is managing its waste, Mr Warsi added,
We also have undertaken an initiative of garden waste management under which about 59 tonnes of bulk garden and horticultural waste is being processed every day. IMC also uses Mobile Composting Units for making compost from waste. We have also been encouraging people to practice home composting. Currently, more than 50,000 households in the city are composting their kitchen waste at home. In terms of plastic waste, IMC follows a unique system of garbage collection, all the households that come under IMC area have been given two large bags for them to store plastic waste separately. When one bag is filled, people send a message to the agency appointed for recycling the plastic waste in the city. The agency sends its personnel to the household to buy the plastic from them at a minimum price of Rs. 1.5 per kilogram up to Rs. 5 per kg depending upon the quality of the plastic. Thus, not only is IMC saving on transportation and handling of plastic waste with this process, but it is also helping people gain out of their scrapped plastic products.
Along with all this, Indore has also been given the tag of India’s first “water plus” city, which is a certificate provided to a city for maintaining cleanliness in rivers and drains under its administration. According to the guidelines of Swachh Bharat Mission, a city can be declared as Water Plus only after all wastewater released from households, commercial establishments, is treated to a satisfactory level before releasing the treated wastewater into the environment.
About Swachh Survekshan 2021
This year, in Swachh Survekshan 2021, the cities have been ranked based on three broad parameters — service level progress, citizens voice and certification — and were judged on a total of 8,600. In the ranking of the cities, maximum weightage — 40 per cent — was given to segregated collection of garbage, processing, disposal and sustainable sanitation. While, citizen feedback carried 30 per cent weightage and certification under the star rating protocol for garbage free cities carried another 30 per cent.
This year, as part of the awards, a new category titled ‘Prerak DAUUR Samman’ was introduced which has a total of five additional sub-categories which are Divya (platinum), Anupam (Gold), Ujjawal (Silver), Udit (Bronze), and aaRohi (Aspiring). On the basis of segregation of waste into wet, dry, and hazard categories, sanitation status of cities, percentage of waste going to landfills, and other factors. This year, Prerak DAUUR Samman category has categorised the following cities – Indore, Surat, Navi Mumbai, New Delhi Municipal Council and Tirupati in ‘divya’ (platinum) category.
NDTV – Dettol have been working towards a clean and healthy India since 2014 via Banega Swachh India initiative, which is helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. The campaign aims to highlight the inter-dependency of humans and the environment, and of humans on one another with the focus on One Health, One Planet, One Future – Leaving No One Behind. It stresses on the need to take care of, and consider, everyone’s health in India – especially vulnerable communities – the LGBTQ population, indigenous people, India’s different tribes, ethnic and linguistic minorities, people with disabilities, migrants, geographically remote populations, gender and sexual minorities. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign will continue to raise awareness on the same along with focussing on the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children, fight malnutrition, mental wellbeing, self care, science and health, adolescent health & gender awareness. Along with the health of people, the campaign has realised the need to also take care of the health of the eco-system. Our environment is fragile due to human activity, that is not only over-exploiting available resources, but also generating immense pollution as a result of using and extracting those resources. The imbalance has also led to immense biodiversity loss that has caused one of the biggest threats to human survival – climate change. It has now been described as a “code red for humanity.” The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollution, waste management, plastic ban, manual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene. Banega Swasth India will also be taking forward the dream of Swasth Bharat, the campaign feels that only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and the country can become a Swasth or healthy India.